Archives de catégorie : Monde anglo-normand et Plantagenêt (XIe-XIIIe siècle) / The Anglo-Norman and Plantagenet world (11th-13th c.)

The Normans in the South Mediterranean Meetings in the Central Middle Ages

The Normans in the South  Mediterranean Meetings in the Central Middle Ages
Friday 30 June – Sunday 2 July 2017
St Edmund Hall, University of Oxford
By some accounts, 1017 marked the advent of the Norman presence in Italy and Sicily, inaugurating a new era of invasion, interaction and integration in the Mediterranean. Whether or not we decide the millennial anniversary is significant, the moment offers an ideal opportunity to explore the story in the south, about a thousand years ago. To what extent did the Normans establish a cross-cultural empire? What can we learn by comparing the impact of the Norman presence in different parts of Europe? What insights are discoverable in comparing local histories of Italy and Sicily with broader historical ideas about transformation, empire and exchange? The conference aims to draw together established, early-career and post-graduate scholars for a joint investigation of the Normans in the south, to explore together the many meetings of cultural, political and religious ideas in the Mediterranean in the central Middle Ages.Keynote Speakers
Professor Graham Loud (University of Leeds)
Professor Jeremy Johns (University of Oxford)
Professor Sandro Carocci (University of Rome II)

Call for Papers
Proposals for three-paper sessions, as well as individual proposals for 20-minute papers, are welcome. Comparative studies are particularly encouraged. Submissions should include: an abstract of 200–300 words, paper title, name and academic position, institutional affiliation and durable contact details for all speakers.

Themes and topics could include:

  • Sicily as a cultural crossroads
  • Crusading
  • The Normans and empire
  • Islamic interactions
  • Political leadership
  • Social change: women, men and families
  • Norman Conquests compared: Italy, Sicily and other parts of Europe
  • Reactions to the Norman presence in the south, then and now
  • Impact on Italy as a whole
  • Migration
  • Local history: micro-perspectives on macro-trends

Submission Deadline: 15 November 2016
Please direct paper and session proposals, requests to join the conference mailing list, ideas for themes, and all other inquiries to:

Dr. Emily A. Winkler
emily.winkler@history.ox.ac.uk

911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux

911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux

Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle (29 septembre-2 octobre 2011) publiés sous la direction de David Bates et PierreBauduin.

Collection Symposia.

Issu d’un colloque international tenu à l’occasion du 11e centenaire du traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, ce volume s’intéresse aux débuts du duché de Normandie et aux différents aspects de l’expansion ou de la présence des Normands dans les îles Britanniques et en Méditerranée. Il expose les interprétations données aux conquêtes, explore la formation de réseaux et la construction d’espaces, ainsi que les notions de diaspora et d’identité « normandes ».
La pertinence de l’expression « monde(s) normand(s) » est discutée en soulignant son caractère à la fois singulier et pluriel, sa dimension européenne, sa valeur heuristique, capable de se dégager d’historiographies trop étroitement nationales et de remettre en question certains modèles explicatifs.

2016, 16 x 24, br., 572 p.

ISBN : 978-2-84133-774-3

35 €

https://www.unicaen.fr/puc/html/article9550.html?id_article=1006

Conquest: 1016, 1066

REGISTRATION NOW OPEN

To register on the University Online Store click the blue ‘Book Event’ button on this page.

Accommodation options in Oxford can be found via the University’s centralised B&B booking system; some college and guest house accommodation is also listed on Speedy Booker.

FULL CONFERENCE PROGRAMME (pdf)

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS (pdf)

Plenary speakers:

Professor John Gillingham (LSE, emeritus); Professor Elisabeth van Houts (Cambridge); Professor Andy Orchard (Oxford); Professor Elaine Treharne (Stanford)

Topics under discussion include these themes:    

  1. The Church; clerical reform, religious experience
  2. Literature, authors, and patronage
  3. Language and multilingualism, language contact
  4. Institutions and governance; lordship; kingship
  5. Warfare, battles, conduct in war, fighting men
  6. Art and material culture
  7. Society and peoples
  8. Trade and commerce
  9. Space, movement, contact, networks; England and Europe, England and Scandinavia
  10. Historiography

Late paper proposals may be accepted if vacant slots arise and they complement existing sessions.

Charles Avril, le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : étude des sacramentaires et des missels

Charles Avril, le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : Étude des sacramentaires et des missels

Compte rendu de la soutenance de thèse par Louis Chevalier, Université de Caen Normandie

Le lundi 25 janvier 2015, Charles Avril a soutenu, à l’Université de Caen Normandie, sa thèse de doctorat, dont le sujet était « Le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : étude des sacramentaires et des missels » ; cette thèse a été réalisée sous la direction de Véronique Gazeau.

Le jury réuni pour cette soutenance de thèse était présidé par Patrick Henriet, directeur d’étude à l’EPHE (Section des Sciences historiques et philologiques), et composé de Catherine Vincent, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’Université Paris-Ouest-Nanterre-La Défense, rapporteur ; de Daniel-Odon Hurel, directeur de recherche au CNRS (LEM, UMR8584, CERCOR), rapporteur ; de Véronique Gazeau, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’Université de Caen Normandie ; de Marielle Lamy, maître de conférences à l’Université de Paris-Sorbonne ; et de Claire Maître, directeur de recherche émérite au CNRS (IRHT).

Continuer la lecture de Charles Avril, le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : étude des sacramentaires et des missels

Stéphane Lecouteux, Deux fragments d’un nécrologe de la Trinité de Fécamp (XIe-XIIe siècles). Étude et édition critique d’un document mémoriel exceptionnel

Deux fragments d’un nécrologe de la Trinité de Fécamp (XIe-XIIe siècles). Étude et édition critique d’un document mémoriel exceptionnel

Two fragments of a necrology of the abbey of Fécamp (11th-12th centuries). Study and edition of an exceptional memorial document

Due frammenti di un necrologio della Trinità di Fécamp (XI-XII secolo). Analisi ed edizione critica di un documento storico unico

Stéphane LECOUTEUX, CRAHAM, UMR 6273, CNRS / université de Normandie

Article dans Tabularia :
http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=sources&file=13lecouteux.xml

Continuer la lecture de Stéphane Lecouteux, Deux fragments d’un nécrologe de la Trinité de Fécamp (XIe-XIIe siècles). Étude et édition critique d’un document mémoriel exceptionnel

Lorenzo BELLEI MUSSINI, Propter adhorantium auctoritatem voluntate,

L. Bellei Mussini, Propter adhorantium auctoritatem voluntate. Legittimazione, patronage e propaganda nelle Gesta Regum Anglorum di Guglielmo di Malmesbury, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. F. Roversi Monaco, Università di Bologna, XXV Ciclo).

 

Résumé/abstract :

 

L’oggetto di ricerca della presente tesi di dottorato è costituito dall’analisi dell’opera Gesta Regum Anglorum, del monaco benedettino Guglielmo di Malmesbury, all’interno della quale sono stati esplorati e verificati i temi di legittimazione, di patronage e di propaganda. L’opera, infatti, rimane senza un manifesto committente, ad eccezione di una primissima versione. Il titolo della tesi rivela fin da subito questo aspetto, giacché estrae un passaggio del prologo al I libro: «propter adhorantium auctoritatem voluntate», traducibile con «per le autorevoli esortazioni che ricevetti». Dopo un’analisi delle lettere dedicatorie premesse all’opera, si è ipotizzata la volontà dell’autore di dedicare le Gesta Regum Anglorum, nella loro versione definitiva, a Roberto conte di Gloucester, approfondendo in tal senso l’aspetto legittimatorio dell’opera e la possibilità che essa potesse servire come strumento per ottenere un patronage dal conte nei confronti dell’abbazia di Malmesbury. La seconda parte della tesi è incentrata sulla comparazione tra le due principali redazioni dell’opera – quella conclusa intorno al 1126/27 e quella rivista tra 1135 e 1140 – per analizzarne le modifiche, ipotizzandone la funzione come volta mitigare aspetti relativi ai principali antenati di Roberto di Gloucester (Guglielmo I e Guglielmo II). La terza parte della tesi si è concentrata sull’aspetto propagandistico dell’opera in favore del monastero di appartenenza di Guglielmo (Malmesbury) e soprattutto in favore del clero regolare, nella dicotomia che caratterizzò questo e il clero secolare durante gli anni in cui l’autore viveva. Nell’ultima parte della tesi, è stato ripreso l’aspetto legittimatorio delle Gesta Regum, tentando di fornire un’analisi delle tre raffigurazioni dei sovrani normanni d’Inghilterra, che punteggiano i tre libri finali dell’opera.

[Source : http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/6580/  ]

 

PDF: http://amsdottorato.unibo.it/6580/1/Bellei_Mussini__Lorenzo_Propter_adhorantium_auctoritatem_voluntate.pdf

Kemp, Ryan

Doctorante / PhD Candidate

Aberystwyth University
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Stéphane Lecouteux, Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp

Stéphane Lecouteux, Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp

Compte rendu de la soutenance de thèse par Jacques Le Maho, Centre Michel de Bouärd – Craham (UMR 6273 CNRS/Unicaen)

Le 23 novembre 2015, à l’université de Caen Basse-Normandie, Stéphane Lecouteux a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat intitulée « Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp », devant un jury composé de Pierre Bauduin, professeur à l’Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, président du jury ; François Bougard, professeur à l’Université Paris-Ouest-Nanterre (rapporteur) ; Laurent Morelle, directeur d’études à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études (rapporteur) ; Edoardo D’Angelo, professeur à l’Università degli studi Suor Orsola Benincasa de Naples ; Anne-Marie Turcan-Verkerk, directeur d’études à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études (co-directrice de la thèse) et Catherine Jacquemard, professeur à l’Université de Caen Basse-Normandie (directrice de la thèse).

Continuer la lecture de Stéphane Lecouteux, Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp

Reconstructing the Earliest Illustrated Chronicle from the Medieval Latin West

Responsables du projet/Project leaders : Benjamin Pohl (benjamin.pohl@bristol.ac.uk)

Établissements principaux/Main institutions : University of Cambridge

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

My project will be the first to identify and analyse the evidence for an illuminated exemplar for London, British Library, MS Cotton Nero D viii. MS Cotton Nero D viii is an English manuscript produced during the second half of the twelfth century, perhaps at St. John’s Abbey, Colchester. The manuscript’s context of transmission before the later Middle Ages has so far remained largely unexplored. The implications of my analysis of the material features of MS Cotton Nero D viii, especially remnants of illustrative matter from its exemplar, would be transformative in informing our present knowledge about the manuscript’s use and prospective readership, as well as of medieval Latin manuscript culture in general. Indeed, to date, both MS Cotton Nero D viii and other Latin historical manuscripts from the period c.1000-1150 have been considered as lacking illustrative content beyond the level of decorated initials and litterae notabiliores. However, as my preliminary investigation of MS Cotton Nero D viii demonstrated, this manuscript almost certainly derives from an illustrated copy of Dudo of St. Quentin’s Historia Normannorum. Indeed, the research I propose here will establish that MS Cotton Nero D viii can also be related, via a shared exemplar, to another Norman manuscript (Rouen, Bibliothèque Municipale, MS 1173/Y11) which, albeit considered unillustrated by previous scholars, I was able to conclusively show contained traces of figurative illuminations in the form of pen line drawings (see my article B. Pohl, ‘Poems, Pictures and Purpose: New Perspectives on the Manuscripts of Dudo of St. Quentin’s Historia Normannorum’, Scriptorium 67 (2013), 229-58).

Continuer la lecture de Reconstructing the Earliest Illustrated Chronicle from the Medieval Latin West

Mapping the early church in Western Normandy: AD400-1200

Responsables du projet/Project leaders : David Petts (d.a.petts@durham.ac.uk)

Établissements principaux/Main institutions : Durham University

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

This project aims to map the evidence for Christianity in Western Normandy to develop a better understanding of the development of the Church in this region. It will integrate existing archaeological data with architectural survey of the evidence for Romanesque and pre-Romanesque architecture of the region. Although Christianity first arrived in this area during the Roman period, the area was strongly influenced by missionary activity from Brittany and Ireland. From the ninth century AD the area saw considerable political disruption following Viking raiding and settlement along its northern and western coast, and it is often thought that the church collapsed in the face of this onslaught.

This project aims to question the extent to which the early church really did disappear. The politically peripheral nature of this area and the impact of Vikings mean that documentary evidence for the region before the twelfth century is sparse and consists mainly of sources from outside the area. Any attempt to reconstruct the nature and development of the early church thus has to be able to fully integrate the archaeological and architectural evidence. A small number of early (pre-eleventh century) Christian sites are known, and a series of Christian Merovingian cemeteries are recorded in the antiquarian literature. By a combination of desk-based research and fieldwork this project is mapping the evidence for the early church in the Cotentin, allowing the study of the development of the religious life in the region to move beyond the limitations of the documentary evidence.

This research is funded by grants from the Society of Medieval Archaeology, the Society for Church Archaeology and the Society of Antiquaries of London.

[Lien/Link : https://www.dur.ac.uk/archaeology/research/projects/all/?mode=project&id=423]

Conquest and continuity — Characterising portable metalwork in Late Saxon and Anglo-Norman England, AD 900-1250

Responsables du projet/Project leaders :

Michael Lewis (mlewis@britishmuseum.org), Robert Webley

Établissements principaux/Main institutions :

University of York, The British Museum

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The Norman Conquest of AD 1066 brought huge social and political change in England, most visible in the elite architecture of the period immediately after it. This project will explore whether or not these shifts can be seen in the portable material culture of the time.

Continuer la lecture de Conquest and continuity — Characterising portable metalwork in Late Saxon and Anglo-Norman England, AD 900-1250

Paquet Fabien, Abbés et pouvoirs en Normandie (début du XIIIème siècle – milieu du XVème siècle)

Paquet Fabien, Abbés et pouvoirs en Normandie (début du XIIIème siècle – milieu du XVème siècle), (dir. V. Gazeau, université de Caen Normandie)

En cours depuis 2015/In preparation since 2015

Résumé/Abstract :

En 1204, la Normandie est rattachée par Philippe Auguste (1190-1223) au domaine royal capétien, c’est-à-dire aux espaces du royaume de France dont le roi est le souverain direct, car, depuis 911, la Normandie était bien dans les frontières du royaume. Pendant trois siècles, la Normandie a joui d’une autonomie qui touchait, il est vrai, à l’indépendance car elle était une pièce centrale dans l’empire anglo-normand. Cette situation a attiré l’œil des historiens depuis longtemps : il peut sembler plus glorieux de faire l’histoire d’une principauté indépendante ! Or, la Normandie d’après 1204 mérite au moins autant notre attention car elle pose deux questions centrales qui n’ont que peu été traitées par les historiens sur le long terme : comment intégrer au domaine royal une principauté aussi puissante en 1204 ? Comment les Normands gèrent-ils le changement de maître et ses conséquences ? C’est que la Normandie des XIIIe-XVe siècles offre la possibilité d’une étude d’histoire à la fois nationale et régionale : une étude de la place que les Normands se construisent, ou que l’on construit pour eux, dans le cadre d’un État capétien qui s’affirme de plus en plus jusqu’à la fin de la guerre de Cent Ans. Le clergé normand du Moyen Âge, pour sa part, a toujours attiré l’œil des historiens : c’est que la région a vu se développer quelques (très) grandes abbayes médiévales (Le Mont Saint-Michel, Le Bec, Jumièges, Savigny, Fécamp, etc.) qui sont devenues de véritables lieux de pouvoir. Mais les études concernant les abbayes prennent trop rarement en charge l’ensemble du clergé et, souvent, elles s’arrêtent en 1204. Entre 1204 et la guerre de Cent Ans, alors que les abbayes bénédictines et cisterciennes conservent un rôle central dans la vie de la principauté, monastères et abbés tombent dans un trou noir historiographique ; et la guerre de Cent Ans n’a permis de ne les en sortir que sous l’angle des dommages subis ou presque, sans s’intéresser au vécu de la guerre et aux conséquences dans les monastères, alors que les sources trahissent bien des évolutions. Une prosopographie fomera le corps de la thèse et permettra notamment d’étudier la politique royale de Philippe Auguste et ses successeurs jusqu’au XVe siècle ; la politiques des abbés lors des changements de pouvoir ; les conséquences de l’annexion sur l’organisation des abbayes ; les structures de l’Église normande ; les différences en fonction des espaces ; la question des identités normandes, françaises et anglaises dans le cadre de la naissance d’une province.

[Source : http://www.unicaen.fr/crahm/spip.php?article1004]

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (dir. K. O’Conor, NUI Galway)

Résumé/abstract :

The Anglo-Norman occupation of Cork permanently altered the physical and societal landscape of the city, and its immediate surrounding area. Over the course of nearly a century and a half, a small but functioning harbour became the premier Anglo-Norman port on the south-west coast of Ireland, and the earlier settlement transitioned from a small Hiberno-Norse trading community and nearby monastic nucleus into a socially- and architecturally-diverse urban centre. This process of urbanisation was a deliberate action on the part of the Anglo-Normans to ‘civilise’ their new colony in the late 12th century, and by the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the thriving town of Cork was a testament to the successful realization of this goal. There has been extensive archaeological investigation within the city, which has uncovered significant evidence of Cork’s urban medieval development. To date, the results of these excavations have not been academically assessed as a compound entity. This study is the first attempt to establish a cohesive archaeological and historical understanding of the impact of Anglo-Norman occupation on the social morphology of Cork’s earliest urban inhabitants. It is, effectively, the first integrated interpretation of all available archaeological data from the Anglo-Norman period in Cork. Using an approach which integrates historical and archaeological evidence to define exact temporal parameters, the present writer has interrogated all available excavation data as part of a high-resolution study of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork. This has resulted in a new understanding of some long-held perceptions of the period between c.1171 and c.1315 in the city. This research has challenged previous historical interpretations of the impact of the Anglo-Norman occupation on the existing Hiberno-Norse inhabitants, and re-defined their role as useful participants in the economy of the Anglo-Norman city. Evidence of at least four social strata within the town has been identified, and new information on the quality of life enjoyed by the lower-ranking craft-workers and artisans of the period is put forward. Phases of economic migration within the city have been recognized, as has physical evidence of the elite members of society at this time. Life-ways, both individual and familial, have been deciphered from the data in order to enrich, and personalize, this account of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork.

[Source : https://aran.library.nuigalway.ie/xmlui/handle/10379/5045]

McGlynn Sean Joseph, Blood Cries Afar: The Forgotten Invasion of England 1216

McGlynn Sean Joseph, Blood Cries Afar: The Forgotten Invasion of England 1216, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. S. Barton, Université d’Exeter)

Résumé/abstract :

The intent behind Blood Cries Afar: The Forgotten Invasion of England 1216 was to be the first book to study the French invasion of England in 1216 and the first to offer a military narrative and analysis of its events. In completing the study, a clear understanding is conveyed of the course of fragmented and frequently confusing and neglected events. The large French expeditionary force that landed in England in May 1216 allied with baronial rebels against King John to divide the country for eighteen months. For a year the French occupied and ruled the richest one-third of England, including the capital, London (which remained in their hands for the entire duration of the occupation). At one point, as many as two-thirds of the English baronage recognised the French leader, Prince Louis (heir to the Capetian throne in France) as their monarch; King Alexander II of Scotland travelled to Dover to pay homage to him as King Louis I of England. The invasion was ended by military means, not political ones. The neglect of this major invasion event, which came close to being a second Norman Conquest, is a telling one. In part this is due to its events unfolding over the end of King John’s reign the start of and Henry III’s (as a minor), and also because it remains in the shadow of Magna Carta from a year earlier. Thus in the few places where the invasion has been investigated, its treatment has been partial, disjointed and brief. This book shows how it was that a succession of military events led to the point that the French were able to launch a full-scale invasion and how the invasion and subsequent occupation was defeated militarily. In so doing, it emphasizes strongly the primacy of military events over political and diplomatic ones, and offers a detailed analysis of campaigning in the early thirteenth century. It offers the most comprehensive account and analysis of a number of engagements, some of which have been almost completely neglected or overlooked entirely. The book also offers fresh insights, context and arguments on the following: Richard I’s and England’s foreign policy; the military leadership of King John; the first re-issue of Magna Carta; Louis’ campaign and planned last-stand; the fluidity of castle warfare; ravaging as a precision weapon; the impact on non-combatants and the role of atrocity; the importance of the invasion to nascent English identity. But most of all, its chief significance is that it offers the first, full-length and military study of events that dominated England from the sealing of Magna Carta in June 1215 to the end of the invasion in September 1217.

[Source : https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/handle/10871/18087]

Thomas Elizabeth, « We have nothing more valuable in our treasury » : royal marriage in England, 1154-1272

Thomas Elizabeth, « We have nothing more valuable in our treasury » : royal marriage in England, 1154-1272, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2010, (dir. J. Hudson, Université de St Andrews)

Résumé/abstract :

That kings throughout the entire Middle Ages used the marriages of themselves and their children to further their political agendas has never been in question. What this thesis examines is the significance these marriage alliances truly had to domestic and foreign politics in England from the accession of Henry II in 1154 until the death of his grandson Henry III in 1272. Chronicle and record sources shed valuable light upon the various aspects of royal marriage at this time: firstly, they show that the marriages of the royal family at this time were geographically diverse, ranging from Scotland and England to as far abroad as the Empire, Spain, and Sicily, Most of these marriages were based around one primary principle, that being control over Angevin land-holdings on the continent. Further examination of the ages at which children were married demonstrates a practicality to the policy, in that often at least the bride was young, certainly young enough to bear children and assimilate into whatever land she may travel to. Sons were also married to secure their future, either as heir to the throne or the husband of a wealthy heiress. Henry II and his sons were almost always closely involved in the negotiations for the marriages, and were often the initiators of marriage alliances, showing a strong interest in the promotion of marriage as a political tool. Dowries were often the centre of alliances, demonstrating how much the bride, or the alliance, was worth, in land, money, or a combination of the two. One of the most important aspects for consideration though, was the outcome of the alliances. Though a number were never confirmed, and most royal children had at least one broken proposal or betrothal before their marriage, many of the marriages made were indeed successful in terms of gaining from the alliance what had originally been desired.

[Source : https://research-repository.st-andrews.ac.uk/handle/10023/2001]