Archives de catégorie : Scandinavie médiévale (XIe-XIIIe siècle) / Medieval Scandinavia (11th-13th c.)

Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale. Compte-rendu de la soutenance de thèse de Simon Lebouteiller.

Simon Lebouteiller, Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale.
Recherche sur les formes de pacification et les rituels de paix dans le monde scandinave au Moyen Âge (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle)

Compte-rendu de la soutenance de thèse par Tobias Boestad (Université Paris-Sorbonne)

Le vendredi 21 octobre 2016, Simon Lebouteiller a soutenu, dans le nouvel amphithéâtre MRSH de l’Université de Caen Normandie, sa thèse de doctorat intitulée « Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale. Recherche sur les formes de pacification et les rituels de paix dans le monde scandinave au Moyen Âge (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle) ».

Cette thèse a été réalisée sous la direction de Pierre Bauduin, et la codirection de Jean-Marie Maillefer. Elle a été soutenue devant un jury composé de :

  • Sverre Bagge, professeur émérite à l’Université de Bergen, rapporteur ;
  • Pierre Bauduin, professeur à l’Université de Caen Normandie, directeur de thèse ;
  • Geneviève Bührer-Thierry, professeure à l’Université Panthéon-Sorbonne, présidente du jury ;
  • François Emion, maître de conférences à l’Université Paris-Sorbonne, examinateur ;
  • Jean-Marie Maillefer, professeur émérite à l’Université Paris-Sorbonne, codirecteur de thèse ;
  • Jean-Marie Moeglin, professeur à l’Université Paris-Sorbonne et directeur de recherches à l’EPHE, rapporteur.

Continuer la lecture de Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale. Compte-rendu de la soutenance de thèse de Simon Lebouteiller.

Boestad, Tobias

Doctorant

Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV) 
Continuer la lecture de Boestad, Tobias

« Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale. Recherche sur les formes de pacification et les rituels de paix dans le monde scandinave au Moyen Âge (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle) »

 Simon Lebouteiller a le plaisir de vous inviter à la soutenance de sa thèse :

« Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale. Recherche sur les formes de pacification et les rituels de paix dans le monde scandinave au Moyen Âge (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle) »

qui aura lieu le 21 octobre prochain à 14h00 dans l’amphithéâtre de la MRSH (Université de Caen, Campus 1), devant un jury composé de :

· M. Sverre Bagge, professeur, Université de Bergen (rapporteur)
· M. Pierre Bauduin, professeur, Université de Caen Normandie (directeur de thèse)
· Mme Geneviève Bührer-Thierry, professeure, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (examinateur)
· M. François Émion, maître de conférences, Université Paris-Sorbonne (examinateur)
· M. Jean-Marie Maillefer, professeur, Université Paris-Sorbonne (codirecteur de thèse)
· M. Jean-Marie Moeglin, professeur, Université Paris-Sorbonne ; directeur de recherche, EPHE (rapporteur)

La soutenance sera suivie d’un pot auquel vous êtes également conviés. Afin de faciliter son organisation, veuillez confirmer votre présence à l’adresse suivante :
simon.lebouteiller@unicaen.fr

capture-decran-2016-10-11-a-10-18-47

Cultural transfers in Norman Medieval Worlds (8-12th Cent.): Objects, actors and mediators

 Cultural transfers in Norman Medieval Worlds (8-12th Cent.):  Objects, actors and mediators.

5-7 October 2017, Caen, Amphithéâtre du Musée des Beaux-Arts

 (dir. P. Bauduin et L. Bourgeois)

This conference, which is being organised as part of the programme « Cultural transfers and social links in the Norman medieval world (8th-12th c.) », will consider the objects, agents and conveyors of cultural transfers.

Continuer la lecture de Cultural transfers in Norman Medieval Worlds (8-12th Cent.): Objects, actors and mediators

Les transferts culturels dans les mondes normands médiévaux (VIIIe-XIIe siècle) : objets, acteurs et passeurs

Les transferts culturels dans les mondes normands médiévaux (VIIIe-XIIe siècle) : objets, acteurs et passeurs

5-7 octobre 2017, Caen, Amphithéâtre du Musée des Beaux-Arts de Caen

(resp. P. Bauduin et L. Bourgeois)

Organisée dans le cadre du programme « Transferts culturels et liens sociaux dans les mondes normands médiévaux (VIIIe-XIIe siècle) », cette rencontre sera l’occasion de discuter les objets, acteurs et passeurs des transferts culturels.

Continuer la lecture de Les transferts culturels dans les mondes normands médiévaux (VIIIe-XIIe siècle) : objets, acteurs et passeurs

911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux

911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux

Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle (29 septembre-2 octobre 2011) publiés sous la direction de David Bates et PierreBauduin.

Collection Symposia.

Issu d’un colloque international tenu à l’occasion du 11e centenaire du traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, ce volume s’intéresse aux débuts du duché de Normandie et aux différents aspects de l’expansion ou de la présence des Normands dans les îles Britanniques et en Méditerranée. Il expose les interprétations données aux conquêtes, explore la formation de réseaux et la construction d’espaces, ainsi que les notions de diaspora et d’identité « normandes ».
La pertinence de l’expression « monde(s) normand(s) » est discutée en soulignant son caractère à la fois singulier et pluriel, sa dimension européenne, sa valeur heuristique, capable de se dégager d’historiographies trop étroitement nationales et de remettre en question certains modèles explicatifs.

2016, 16 x 24, br., 572 p.

ISBN : 978-2-84133-774-3

35 €

https://www.unicaen.fr/puc/html/article9550.html?id_article=1006

Deuxième Congrès de l’Association pour les Études Nordiques (APEN)

Le IIe Congrès de l’Association pour les Études Nordiques sera organisé à Caen les 15 et 16 juin 2017 par le Département d’études nordiques de l’Université de Caen Normandie et l’Office franco-norvégien d’échanges et de coopération (OFNEC) avec les unités de recherche ERLIS, CRISCO et CRAHAM. Cet événement aura la vocation de fédérer les chercheurs et les doctorants issus de disciplines, d’institutions et de pays divers afin de constituer un point de convergence respectant et renforçant la richesse des approches utilisées dans le domaine des études nordiques. Le comité d’organisation sollicite ainsi les communications et panels provenant de disciplines et traditions variées, sans distinction quant aux sujets ou périodes abordés, le mérite scientifique constituant le seul critère de sélection.

Continuer la lecture de Deuxième Congrès de l’Association pour les Études Nordiques (APEN)

Écrire l’histoire d’une faide dans l’Islande du XIIIe siècle. Quelques remarques sur la Saga des Svínfellingar

Écrire l’histoire d’une faide dans l’Islande du XIIIe siècle. Quelques remarques sur la Saga des Svínfellingar

Writing the history of a feud in 13th century Iceland. Some remarks on the Saga of the Men of Svínafell

Scrivere la storia di una faida nell’Islanda del XIII secolo. Osservazioni sulla Saga dei Svínfellingar

Grégory CATTANEO, Universités de Paris IV Sorbonne et d’Islande, UMR 8596

Article dans Tabularia :
http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=dossier14&file=03cattaneo.xml

Résumé :
Cette étude répond à un double objectif : analyser les mécanismes de la faide dans une contrée de l’est de l’Islande au milieu du XIIIe siècle et démontrer la valeur d’une saga de contemporains comme source historique. L’affrontement entre les élites locales apparaît à la lueur de deux sources : les annales islandaises et la Saga des Svínfellingar (Svínfellinga saga). Après un examen approfondi des sources de cette faide, force est de constater l’importance du témoignage fourni par la saga. Ce texte narratif permet de reconstruire les étapes de la faide et de comprendre comment l’élite locale est dépeinte dans la saga. Les alliances entre les puissants et la limitation de la violence sont examinées comme un aspect fondamental du jeu de la faide. Les processus de résolution du conflit et ses enjeux sociaux sont reconstitués à travers une étude minutieuse des acteurs de la médiation. Quand cela se révèle pertinent, on établit un parallèle entre le système faidal décrit dans la Saga des Svínfellingar et des exemples issus de sociétés faideuses, que ce soit dans l’Islande des sagas ou dans la France féodale.

Mots-clés : faide, système faidal, négociations de paix, élites locales, sagas de contemporains

Abstract:
This study is based on two purposes. First, it analyses the mechanism of a feud in an area of Eastern Iceland in the middle of the 13th century. Then it demonstrates the value of a contemporary saga as a historical source. The feud between the local elites appears in two written sources: the Icelandic Annals and the Saga of the Men of Svínafell (Svínfellinga saga). After a careful inspection of the sources of this feud, one can observe the importance of the saga testimony. The coalitions between the elite and the limitation of violence are analysed as a fundamental aspect of the feuding game. The process of conflict resolution and its social stakes are reconstituted through a meticulous study of the mediation. When it is relevant, one establishes a parallel between this feuding system and other examples, taken from other feuding societies, in Saga Age Iceland and in Feudal France.

Keywords: feud, feuding system, peacemaking, local elites, contemporary sagas

Riassunto :
Questo studio risponde a un doppio obiettivo : analizzare i meccanismi della faida in una contrada dell’Islanda dell’est in pieno XIII secolo e mostrare il valore di una saga di contemporanei comme fonte storica. L’affronto tra l’élite locale si manifesta alla luce di due fonti : gli annali islandesi e la Saga dei Svínfelligar (Svínfelliga saga). Dopo un esame approfondito delle fonti di questa faida, pare inevitabile costatare l’importanza della testimonianza fornita dalla saga. Questo testo a carattere narrativo permette di ricostruire le tappe della faida e di comprendere come l’élite locale è dipinta nella saga. Le alleanze tra i potenti e l’arginamento della violenza sono esaminati comme un aspetto fondamentale del gioco della faida. Il processo di risoluzione del conflitto e la sua posta in gioco sociale sono ricostituiti attraverso uno studio minuzioso degli attori della mediazione. Se pertinente, si è stabilito un parallelo tra il sistema della faida descritto nella Saga dei Svínfelligar e gli esempi provenienti dalle società vendicative, tanto nell’Islanda delle saghe quanto nella Francia feudale.

Parole chiave : faida, sistema della faida, trattative di pace, élites locali, saga di contemporanei

Conquest: 1016, 1066

REGISTRATION NOW OPEN

To register on the University Online Store click the blue ‘Book Event’ button on this page.

Accommodation options in Oxford can be found via the University’s centralised B&B booking system; some college and guest house accommodation is also listed on Speedy Booker.

FULL CONFERENCE PROGRAMME (pdf)

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS (pdf)

Plenary speakers:

Professor John Gillingham (LSE, emeritus); Professor Elisabeth van Houts (Cambridge); Professor Andy Orchard (Oxford); Professor Elaine Treharne (Stanford)

Topics under discussion include these themes:    

  1. The Church; clerical reform, religious experience
  2. Literature, authors, and patronage
  3. Language and multilingualism, language contact
  4. Institutions and governance; lordship; kingship
  5. Warfare, battles, conduct in war, fighting men
  6. Art and material culture
  7. Society and peoples
  8. Trade and commerce
  9. Space, movement, contact, networks; England and Europe, England and Scandinavia
  10. Historiography

Late paper proposals may be accepted if vacant slots arise and they complement existing sessions.

Driscoll, Matthew James, and Svanhildur Óskarsdóttir, eds. Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection

Driscoll, Matthew James, and Svanhildur Óskarsdóttir, eds. Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection. Copenhagen: The Arnamagnæan Institute, Department of Nordic Research, University of Copenhagen; The Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies, Reykjavík; Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2015. Pp. 237. $45.00. ISBN: 978-87-635-4264-7.

Reviewed by Kirsten Wolf, University of Wisconsin-Madison

In The Medieval Review

Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection is a very beautifully produced book in honor of the great manuscript collector Árni Magnússon (1663-1730). The year 2013 marked the 350th anniversary of Árni Magnússon’s birth in Iceland. To commemorate his achievements and lasting fame, an international, two-day conference was hosted by the Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies in Reykjavík in October 2013. The purpose of the conference was to showcase some of the manuscripts obtained by Árni Magnússon; to bring attention to the national and international significance of his endowment, which resulted in two collections named after him (Det Arnamagnæanske Institut in Copenhagen and Stofnun Árna Magnúsonar in Reykjavík); and to stress the importance of the collection, which was confirmed in 2009, when it was inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register. Presumably, the initiative to publish this book was taken at that conference. And presumably, at least some of the descriptions in this book of manuscripts housed in the two collections have their origins in papers presented at that conference as well.
Continuer la lecture de Driscoll, Matthew James, and Svanhildur Óskarsdóttir, eds. Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection

Findell, Martin. Runes

Findell, Martin. Runes. Ancient Scripts. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2015. Pp. 112. $18.95. ISBN: 978-1-60606-448-1.

Reviewed by Carl Kears, King’s College London

In The Medieval Review

The Ancient Scripts series, published in partnership with the British Museum by Getty in the US (and by the British Museum Press in the UK), had two 2015 publications: one on the oldest writing, Cuneiform, written by I. Finkel and J. Taylor, and this book on runic inscription by Martin Findell. Runes, an ancient set of related alphabets in use in northwestern Europe from late antiquity through to the early medieval period, were carved on stone monuments, whalebone caskets, weaponry, and gold ornaments. They were also written down in manuscripts. Findell’s introduction to this script seeks to tell the story of runic writing from its origins to its function in the modern world. This is achieved in an informative and concise way through the use of rich, high quality images of some of the British Museum’s most wondrous objects on which these curious and knowledge-resistant signs are inscribed. This is a highly visual book, then, and one that does not assume prior knowledge of the subject. Furthermore, although it is designed to engage and interest the reader, Findell’s contribution to the Ancient Scripts series remains conservative: it does not sensationalize or purvey popular modern fantasies that have appropriated or even re-envisioned runes as magical symbols that have iconic or apotropaic qualities.

Continuer la lecture de Findell, Martin. Runes

Birsay-Skaill Landscape Archaeology Project, Orkney, Scotland, UK

Responsables du projet/Project leaders : David Griffiths (david.griffiths@conted.ox.ac.uk), Ms Jane Harrison (jane.harrison@conted.ox.ac.uk)

Établissements principaux/Main institutions : University of Oxford

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

Established to explore the Medieval landscapes around Birsay and the Bay of Skaill in Orkney, this project conducts survey and excavation targeting settlement history. Excavations have focused on Norse-period settlements in the Mound of Snusgar area (site of a famous Norse-period hoard), a few minutes walk from the Skara Brae Neolithic site. Although the aim is to explore the Medieval landscape, the project has a wider landscape reconstruction remit which covers earlier periods as well. There are both training and research opportunities. There is normally a fee for student participation to cover costs and training. Fieldwork normally happens in August each year, and there are many opportunities to explore the famous sites on Orkney mainland.

[Lien/Link : https://www.conted.ox.ac.uk/research/projects/birsay-skaill/index.php]

Nordic Research Network Glasgow 2016

Nordic Research Network Glasgow 2016 — Bridges Between: Norse and Insular Worlds 500-1500

Glasgow, 4 May 2016

PAPER PROPOSAL DEADLINE 15 JANUARY 2016

This interdisciplinary day conference presented by The Nordic Research Network at the University of Glasgow welcomes contributions from postgraduates and early-career researchers to explore the topic of “Bridges Between: Norse and Insular Worlds in the period c. 500 – 1500 A.D.”

The theme of the conference is “Bridges”, and we welcome papers (<20min) which explore the relationships which emphasise connections, interactions, and interfaces within the wider Norse world. This conference hopes to break new ground in discussing how these « bridges » developed over a thousand year period, going beyond the traditional historical boundaries. We also seek contributions which aim to build interdisciplinary bridges between research traditions and academic institutions.

If you are interested in participating, please submit a 200 word abstract and a <50 word bio to glasgow@nordicresearchnetwork.co.uk by January 15th 2016.

Potential topics may include (but are not limited to):

– Norse Archaeology in the Insular region or Insular influences in the Norse-speaking world.

– Linguistic and Onomastic interactions and changes.

– The Scandinavian origins of the Anglo-Saxons.

– The historical influence of the Scandinavians in Britain during the later medieval period.

– Interactions between the Norse and the natural environment.

– Contacts between the Norse and indigenous peoples throughout the North Atlantic.

– Bridging archaeometric analysis with a theoretical framework.

[Link : http://www.nordicresearchnetwork.co.uk/call-for-papers.html]

Koch Madsen Christian, Pastoral Settlement. Farming and Hierarchy in Norse Vatnahverfi, South Greenland

Koch Madsen Christian, Pastoral Settlement. Farming and Hierarchy in Norse Vatnahverfi, South Greenland, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (Université de Copenhague)

Résumé/abstract :

Norse farmers settled Greenland around AD 1000. They established two settlements, where the southernmost – the Eastern Settlement – was the largest and lasted until ca. AD 1450, where after it was depopulated for unknown reasons. Through an archaeological study of one of the Eastern Settlement’s core areas – ‘Vatnahverfi’ – this dissertation analyses and discusses how the settlement was organized and changed throughout time. New precision surveys of 157 sites and 1308 individual ruins show that the dispersed settlement was organized after strongly hierarchical patterns. The Norse pastoral farming system relied on extensive land use practices organized around shielings, and apparently after unique Greenlandic patterns. A population estimate based on these settlement patterns implies an average population in Vatnahverfi of only ca. 225-550 people, and an average maximum population of ca. 1400-1940 in the whole of the Eastern Settlement. New and old 14C-dates show that the settlement expanded in two phases: the best agricultural areas were quickly occupied around AD 1000, more marginal areas about a century later. The settlement reached a maximum between AD 1100-1200, where after it quickly contracted and power was centralized on fewer manors. Already by AD 1250 the settlement was again concentrated on those areas that had initially been settled, and after AD 1350 even these areas witnessed a decline in land use. Although climatic deterioration towards the ‘Little Ice Age’ undoubtedly made it harder to be a farmer in South Greenland, this study implies that low population densities – and a very unequal access to resources and options – was perhaps the major problem facing the Norse and ultimately a key reason for the abandonment of the settlements.

[Source : http://www.nabohome.org/postgraduates/theses/ckm/]

Karlsson Catarina, Förlorat järn — Det medeltida jordbrukets behov och förbrukning av järn och stål

Karlsson Catarina, Förlorat järn — Det medeltida jordbrukets behov och förbrukning av järn och stål [Lost Iron – requirement and consumption of iron and steel in agriculture in medieval Sweden],  Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015, (Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet)

Résumé/abstract :

Lost Iron – requirement and consumption of iron and steel in agriculture in medieval Sweden This study aims at an estimation of the amount of iron required for agriculture during the Middle Ages in Sweden. To calculate this we need to know which implements were used, their weights and how they were subjected to wear. Research on wear has been very scarce but it is of great importance to measure how much iron that was needed to replace what was taken away by constant wear, i.e. on shares for ploughs and ards. To achieve this a new method was devised. The method is based on previous research by Grith Lerche, with additional analyses and calculations. The method presented and used is called Wear Calculation Method and consists of five steps. Step 1: Study of medieval agricultural implements, their shape and weight. Step 2: Metallurgical analysis of selected implements, to answer questions about materials and how they were processed. Step 3: Experimental Archaeology: Manufacture of replicas of the implements analyzed in step 2. Step 4: Experimental Archaeology: ard ploughing and haymaking with replicas of ard shares and scythes for the purpose of measuring wear. Step 5: Analysis of the wear experiment, results and calculations of consumption of iron and steel in medieval agriculture. The experimental part of the thesis focuses on ard shares and scythes, since the ard and the scythe were the main implements for ploughing and haymaking during the Middle Ages in Sweden. These experiments were carried out during two seasons at Östra Järvafältet, north of Stockholm, Sweden. I have measured wear on the ard shares in grams per kilometer. But more relevant and often more compatible with data from written sources is a measure of how many grams that are worn off per hectare or any other given unit of land. The wear is approximated at 100 grams of iron and steel per ploughed hectare (10 000 m2), in conditions similar to the situation when the replicas were used. I chose to do my analyses on two different spatial levels, the farm and the county. The results prove that ard ploughing means much heavier wear on the implements compared to haymaking. Generally you needed an annual addition of slightly over 1 kg of iron to plough the fields of a normal-sized farm in Uppland. Thus we may estimate the total amount of iron required in Uppland to replace the wear caused by ploughing to 8,4 ton a year. These results show that iron and steel production were of great importance for the High Medieval economic expansion and modernization, where increased iron production and consumption as well as simultaneous expansion of arable land were vital. Between the end of the first millennium and the mid-14th century, the population of Sweden approximately doubled in size, much like the rest of Europe. Iron was a most important third factor (in combination with an increased population and the cultivation of new land) in this expanding age, ca AD 1000–1300. Production and consumption of iron and steel increased sharply during this period and it reached every person, farm, meadow and field in the country. This is a sure sign of a very developed market and system for the distribution of iron and steel.

[Source : http://pub.epsilon.slu.se/11435/]