Archives de catégorie : Byzance / Byzantium

911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux

911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux

Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle (29 septembre-2 octobre 2011) publiés sous la direction de David Bates et PierreBauduin.

Collection Symposia.

Issu d’un colloque international tenu à l’occasion du 11e centenaire du traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte, ce volume s’intéresse aux débuts du duché de Normandie et aux différents aspects de l’expansion ou de la présence des Normands dans les îles Britanniques et en Méditerranée. Il expose les interprétations données aux conquêtes, explore la formation de réseaux et la construction d’espaces, ainsi que les notions de diaspora et d’identité « normandes ».
La pertinence de l’expression « monde(s) normand(s) » est discutée en soulignant son caractère à la fois singulier et pluriel, sa dimension européenne, sa valeur heuristique, capable de se dégager d’historiographies trop étroitement nationales et de remettre en question certains modèles explicatifs.

2016, 16 x 24, br., 572 p.

ISBN : 978-2-84133-774-3

35 €

https://www.unicaen.fr/puc/html/article9550.html?id_article=1006

Georgios THEOTOKIS, The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy against Byzantium

Georgios  Theotokis,  The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy against Byzantium, in the years between 1071 and 1108 AD., Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2010, (dir. M. Strickland, University of Glasgow).

 

Résumé/abstract :

 

The topic of my thesis is “The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy to Byzantium, in the years between 1071 and 1108 A.D.” As the title suggests, I am examining all the main campaigns conducted by the Normans against Byzantine provinces, in the period from the fall of Bari, the Byzantine capital of Apulia and the seat of the Byzantine governor (catepano) of Italy in 1071, to the Treaty of Devol that marked the end of Bohemond of Taranto’s Illyrian campaign in 1108. My thesis, however, aims to focus specifically on the military aspects of these confrontations, an area which for this period has been surprisingly neglected in the existing secondary literature. My intention is to give answers to a series of questions, of which only some of them are presented here: what was the Norman method of raising their armies and what was the connection of this particular system to that in Normandy and France in the same period (similarities, differences, if any)? Have the Normans been willing to adapt to the Mediterranean reality of warfare, meaning the adaptation of siege engines and the creation of a transport and fighting fleet? What was the composition of their armies, not only in numbers but also in the analogy of cavalry, infantry and supplementary units? While in the field of battle, what were the fighting tactics used by the Normans against the Byzantines and were they superior to their eastern opponents? However, as my study is in essence comparative, I will further compare the Norman and Byzantine military institutions, analyse the clash of these two different military cultures and distinguish any signs of adaptations in their practice of warfare. Also, I will attempt to set this enquiry in the light of new approaches to medieval military history visible in recent historiography by asking if any side had been familiar to the ideas of Vegetian strategy, and if so, whether we characterise any of these strategies as Vegetian?

[Source :  http://theses.gla.ac.uk/1884/ ]

 

PDF : http://theses.gla.ac.uk/1884/1/2010theotokisphd.pdf

Stambul/Constantinople-Kucukcekmece – the Destination Port of the Way from the Varangians to the Greeks, a Centre of “Byzantinization” of the Rus’ Community

Responsables du projet/Project leaders : Błażej M. Stanisławski (st-wski@wp.pl), Sengül Aydingün (sengulaydingun@kocaeli.edu.tr), Hakan Öniz (hakan.oniz@gmail.com)

Établissements principaux/Main institutions : Wrocław University, Kocaeli University, Selçuk University

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The Way from the Varangians to the Greeks linked Eastern Europe and the Baltic Sea zone with Constantinople. Through the route Byzantine goods and ideas reached the North. The ideas which, amongst others, created foundations of medieval European civilization in our part of the continent. The artery functioned as the result of relations between the Rus’/Scandinavians and Byzantines started in the 9th and continued in the 10th and 11th century. Their testimony are treaties from 911 and 944 mentioned in the Nestor’s Chronicle (Tale of Bygone Years). Under the agreements the Rus’ gained the right to stay in the neighbourhood of Constantinople.

The aim is: to locate the place of stay of the Rus’ at the gates of the capital of the Empire based on material and written sources (Greek and Latin); reconstruction of the cultural environment – based on archaeological data and historical texts- in which directly lived newcomers from Eastern Europe in Miklagård and determination of the impact of this environment on their culture.

The basis of the project is the hypothesis that the Byzantine settlement complex situated at Kucukcekmece Lake near Istanbul was the destination port of the route, perhaps identical with the zone appointed to the Rus’ as their place of residence at the gates of Constantinople mentioned in the treaties. This concept was formulated by S. Aydingün – the director of the excavations in Kucukcekmece and H. Öniz – the member of the excavation team. It is confirmed by artefacts of Rus’/Scandinavian origins discovered there, identified by the author of the project.

Interdisciplinary Project, Turkey and brings together the experience of Polish medieval studies. It includes specialists in archaeology (Viking culture, Byzantine studies, land and underwater excavations), classical philology, history and architecture. Its basis are studies of material sources obtained as a result of archaeological work in Kucukcekmece (using the classical and the latest methods of field prospection and documentation) as well as historical research of written sources (Greek and Latin) associated with this centre and problems in question.

The project will contribute to the perception of the cultural environment in which the first direct contact of communities from our part of the continent and the Byzantine civilization occurred and we will be able to recognize the Byzantine impact on the newcomers from the North.

It will create a new source foundation and fields to discussion within studies carried out in recent years, which aim to: (1) to illustrate the socio-economic background, against which the process of formation of first states in the Early Middle Ages occurred, with particular emphasis on the role played by the Norse; and (2) to study problems associated with the beginnings of the medieval European civilization started by Lech Leciejewicz (Nowa postać świata, Wrocław 2000). It will also contribute to resurrect the tradition of Wrocław Byzantine studies, initiated by George Ostrogorski and Mediterranean archaeology of the Middle Ages, created by Lech Leciejewicz.

[Lien/Link : http://www.arch.pan.wroc.pl/index.php?lang=pl&dzial=artykuly&k=stambulkonstantynopolkucukcekmece_port_docelowy_szlaku_od_waregow_do_grekow]

Theotokis, Georgios. The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081-1108, Reviewed in The Medieval Review by G. A. Loud (University of Leeds)

Theotokis, Georgios
The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081-1108. Warfare in History. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014. Pp. xii, 262. £60.0/$99.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9781843839217 (hardback).

Reviewed by G. A. Loud, University of Leeds
G.A.Loud@leeds.ac.uk

Reviewed in The Medieval Review

At first sight the title of this book is something of a misnomer, in that only a third of the text is actually devoted to the campaigns waged in the Balkans against the Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, the Norman Duke of Apulia, and his son Bohemond. This reflects the relative paucity of evidence concerning these undoubtedly dramatic events, by far the most detailed account of which comes in the Alexiad of Anna Komnena, written at least sixty years after the earlier expedition of Guiscard, and almost forty years after that of his son in 1107-8. To place these campaigns in context—or, the uncharitable might suggest, to pad out this study, and the thesis on which it is based, to book-length–the first two-thirds of the volume comprise a lengthy introduction to the military background, both in eleventh-century Normandy and southern Italy, and in Byzantium. These introductory chapters do indeed paint with a very broad brush. To what extent a summary discussion of castle-building in Anglo-Norman England, or a history of the Byzantine theme system going back to Heraclius, really enhances our understanding of the conflict between Guiscard and Alexios Komnenos is a moot point. At the same time, the concentration on warfare and tactics means that the political and social background to these campaigns in the Balkans is very hastily sketched. In other words, this book tends to fall between two stools, being neither a full study of warfare and military affairs in Norman Italy–still much needed–or in Byzantium–rather less so in the light of a number of excellent modern works–nor a fully-rounded discussion of the conflict between the Normans of Apulia and Byzantium.

Continuer la lecture de Theotokis, Georgios. The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081-1108, Reviewed in The Medieval Review by G. A. Loud (University of Leeds)

Humbert Benoit, La circulation des biens et des hommes dans la Rus’ ancienne d’après l’historiographie (IXe-XIIe siècle).

Humbert Benoit, La circulation des biens et des hommes dans la Rus’ ancienne et l’impact des Scandinaves sur le développement de la Rus’ d’après l’historiographie (IXe-XIIe siècle). Apport des sources scandinaves et perspectives comparées avec les fondations scandinaves occidentales : Normandie et iles anglo-saxonnes, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015, (dir. Constantin Zuckerman, École Pratique des Hautes Etudes).

Résumé/Abstract :

La pénétration des Scandinaves en Russie, qui s’insère dans ce vaste mouvement d’échanges qui entre les VIIIe et XIIe siècles fait circuler hommes et biens au sein de ces régions, apparaît à bien des égards comme un stimulant économique et politique d’importance dans l’émergence d’organisations politiques et sociales qui aboutirent au développement de centres proto-urbains d’importance et du premier État russe.

Continuer la lecture de Humbert Benoit, La circulation des biens et des hommes dans la Rus’ ancienne d’après l’historiographie (IXe-XIIe siècle).

Perisanidi Maroula, Clerical celibacy: England, northern France and Byzantium (c.1000-1140)

Perisanidi Maroula, Clerical celibacy: England, northern France and Byzantium (c.1000-1140), (dir. J. Barrow, C. Taylor, University of Nottingham)

En cours depuis 2012/In preparation since 2012

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.history.ac.uk/history-online/theses/thesis/in-progress/clerical-celibacy-england-northern-france-and-byzantium-c1000-1140]

Theotokis Georgios, The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy against Byzantium

Theotokis Georgios, The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy against Byzantium, in the years between 1071 and 1108 AD, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2010, (dir. M. Strickland, University of Glasgow)

Résumé/abstract :

The topic of my thesis is The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy to Byzantium, in the years between 1071 and 1108 A.D. As the title suggests, I am examining all the main campaigns conducted by the Normans against Byzantine provinces, in the period from the fall of Bari, the Byzantine capital of Apulia and the seat of the Byzantine governor (catepano) of Italy in 1071, to the Treaty of Devol that marked the end of Bohemond of Taranto’s Illyrian campaign in 1108. My thesis, however, aims to focus specifically on the military aspects of these confrontations, an area which for this period has been surprisingly neglected in the existing secondary literature. My intention is to give answers to a series of questions, of which only some of them are presented here: what was the Norman method of raising their armies and what was the connection of this particular system to that in Normandy and France in the same period (similarities, differences, if any)? Have the Normans been willing to adapt to the Mediterranean reality of warfare, meaning the adaptation of siege engines and the creation of a transport and fighting fleet? What was the composition of their armies, not only in numbers but also in the analogy of cavalry, infantry and supplementary units? While in the field of battle, what were the fighting tactics used by the Normans against the Byzantines and were they superior to their eastern opponents? However, as my study is in essence comparative, I will further compare the Norman and Byzantine military institutions, analyse the clash of these two different military cultures and distinguish any signs of adaptations in their practice of warfare. Also, I will attempt to set this enquiry in the light of new approaches to medieval military history visible in recent historiography by asking if any side had been familiar to the ideas of Vegetian strategy, and if so, whether we characterise any of these strategies as Vegetian?

[Source : http://theses.gla.ac.uk/1884/]

I Normanni del Mezzogiorno e il movimento crociato

Luigi Russo

Uno degli equivoci storiografici ancora oggi meglio radicati è quello di una sostanziale differenza nella partecipazione normanna al movimento crociato, improntata ad istanze di natura prettamente terrena, al contrario di quanto avvenuto per gli altri pellegrini reclutati al seguito dell’appello di Clermont lanciato da papa Urbano II nel novembre del 1095. In una serie di saggi scritti nell’ultimo decennio e presentati in numerose sedi internazionali, l’autore intende fornire una completa rivisitazione del movimento di espansione con cui i Normanni del Mezzogiorno si rivolsero, tra la fine del secolo XI ed i primi tre decenni del secolo successivo, in direzione dell’impero bizantino e della Terrasanta latina, meglio conosciuta sotto il nome diOutremer. Facendo il punto sugli esiti più aggiornati delle ricerche storiografiche a livello internazionale, l’intento di questo volume è collocare l’apporto dei Normanni nel più ampio contesto storico dei secoli XI-XII, e comprenderne ragioni e motivi che li spinsero a dispiegare una politica di espansione così ampia ed impegnativa.

  • Pagine 192
  • Formato 17×24, brossura
  • Collana Quaderni del Centro di Studi Normanno-Svevi, 4
  • Anno di pubblicazione 2014

Information

Vers l’Orient et vers l’Occident Regards croisés sur les dynamiques et les transferts culturels des Vikings à la Rous ancienne

P. Bauduin et A. Musin (dir.), Vers l’Orient et vers l’Occident : regards croisés sur les dynamiques et les transferts culturels des Vikings à la Rous ancienne, Presses universitaires de Caen, Publications du CRAHAM, 2014, 504 p., ISBN : 978-2-84133-499-5, 45 € (Eastwards and Westwards : Multiple Perspectives on the Dynamics and Cultural Transfers from the Vikings to the Early Rus’/ На Запад и на Восток : сравнительное исследование динамики культурного обмена. От викингов к Древней Руси)

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Contact et information

Issu d’un projet de recherche franco-russe (CNRS-Académie des Sciences de Russie), ce volume présente les avancées de la recherche récentes sur les Vikings dans une perspective pluridisciplinaire et comparatiste largement ouverte à l’Europe orientale. Il confronte les vues de chercheurs de plusieurs disciplines travaillant sur différentes sources et qui se rattachent à des méthodologies ou à des traditions historiographiques diverses plus ou moins marquées idéologiquement.

L’ouvrage propose de réfléchir sur les dynamiques des échanges culturels analysées comme un processus d’interactions qui franchissent les groupes ethniques ou sociaux, les pays, les croyances et les pratiques religieuses, les générations, les genres. Il s’agit de s’interroger sur les particularités de ces processus et sur les transformations mutuelles des fondations scandinaves ainsi que des sociétés locales (franque, anglo-saxonne, slave, finnoise). Une large part est accordée aux acteurs de ces changements (élites, marchands, hommes d’Église, artisans, femmes, scaldes, historiographes….), ainsi qu’aux lieux ou aux espaces où celles-ci interviennent. La signification de la mémoire historique relative à la présence scandinave dans le passé régional ou national en Europe et l’impact mémoriel sur la formation des représentations de l’autre, des identités et des historiographies médiévales ou modernes sont également abordés. Le volume participe ainsi à une réflexion plus large sur les notions débattues d’acculturation, de transferts culturels, de middle ground dont l’intérêt heuristique dépasse largement le phénomène de l’expansion scandinave à l’époque viking.

The result of a Franco-Russian Research project (CNRS – Russian Academy of Sciences), this publication presents the latest advances of recent research on the Vikings in a multidisciplinary and comparative perspective across Eastern Europe. It confronts the views of researchers from several disciplines working on different sources which reflect diverse methodological or historiographical traditions that have been, to some extent, marked ideologically.

The volume proposes a reflection on the dynamics of cultural exchanges analysed as a process of interactions that have traversed ethnic or social groups, countries, religious beliefs and practices, generations, genders. Questions concerning the specificities of these processes and the reciprocal transformations of Scandinavian settlements and local societies (Frankish, Anglo-Saxon, Slavic, Finnish) are posed. A large part of the volume is devoted to the actors involved in these changes (elites, merchants, ecclesiastics, artisans, women, skalds, historiographers….), and the places or areas where they took place. The significance of historical memory in the European regional or national past concerning the Scandinavian presence and the impact of this memory on the creation of representations of the other, identities and medieval or modern historiography are equally discussed. This publication thus participates to the broader reflection on the notions discussed concerning acculturation, cultural transfers and the “middle ground” whose heuristic interest goes far beyond the phenomenon of Scandinavian expansion during the Viking era.