Archives de catégorie : Comptes rendus (ouvrages, soutenances) / Reviews (books, vivas)

Marie Bisson, Une édition numérique structurée à l’aide de la text encoding initiative des textes montois de dom Thomas Le Roy : établissement critique des textes, recherches sur les sources, présentation littéraire et historique

Marie Bisson, Une édition numérique structurée à l’aide de la text encoding initiative des textes montois de dom Thomas LeRoy : établissement critique des textes, recherches sur les sources, présentation littéraire et historique

Compte rendu de la soutenance de thèse par Stéphane Lecouteux, responsable de la bibliothèque patrimoniale d’Avranches, membre associé au Centre Michel de Boüard – CRAHAM (UMR 6273 CNRS/Unicaen).

Le 7 décembre 2015, à l’université de Caen Normandie, Marie Bisson a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat intitulée « Une édition numérique structurée à l’aide de la Text Encoding Initiative des textes montois de dom Thomas Le Roy : établissement critique des textes, recherches sur les sources, présentation littéraire et historique », devant un jury composé de M. Benoît-Michel Tock, professeur d’histoire du Moyen Âge à l’université de Strasbourg (président du jury) ; M. Matthew Driscoll, senior lecturer in Old Norse philology, Arnamagnæan Institute (rapporteur) ; M. Daniel-Odon Hurel, directeur de recherche au laboratoire d’étude des monothéismes (rapporteur) ; Mme Catherine Jacquemard, professeur de latin à l’université de Caen Normandie (directrice de thèse) ; Mme Véronique Gazeau, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’université de Caen Normandie (codirectrice de thèse) ; M. Frédéric Duval, professeur de philologie romane à l’École nationale des chartes (examinateur).

Le président du jury ouvre la séance à 14H00 et invite la doctorante à présenter les résultats de ses travaux.
Continuer la lecture de Marie Bisson, Une édition numérique structurée à l’aide de la text encoding initiative des textes montois de dom Thomas Le Roy : établissement critique des textes, recherches sur les sources, présentation littéraire et historique

Charles Avril, le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : étude des sacramentaires et des missels

Charles Avril, le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : Étude des sacramentaires et des missels

Compte rendu de la soutenance de thèse par Louis Chevalier, Université de Caen Normandie

Le lundi 25 janvier 2015, Charles Avril a soutenu, à l’Université de Caen Normandie, sa thèse de doctorat, dont le sujet était « Le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : étude des sacramentaires et des missels » ; cette thèse a été réalisée sous la direction de Véronique Gazeau.

Le jury réuni pour cette soutenance de thèse était présidé par Patrick Henriet, directeur d’étude à l’EPHE (Section des Sciences historiques et philologiques), et composé de Catherine Vincent, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’Université Paris-Ouest-Nanterre-La Défense, rapporteur ; de Daniel-Odon Hurel, directeur de recherche au CNRS (LEM, UMR8584, CERCOR), rapporteur ; de Véronique Gazeau, professeur d’histoire médiévale à l’Université de Caen Normandie ; de Marielle Lamy, maître de conférences à l’Université de Paris-Sorbonne ; et de Claire Maître, directeur de recherche émérite au CNRS (IRHT).

Continuer la lecture de Charles Avril, le culte marial en Normandie du XIe siècle au concile de Trente : étude des sacramentaires et des missels

Driscoll, Matthew James, and Svanhildur Óskarsdóttir, eds. Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection

Driscoll, Matthew James, and Svanhildur Óskarsdóttir, eds. Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection. Copenhagen: The Arnamagnæan Institute, Department of Nordic Research, University of Copenhagen; The Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies, Reykjavík; Museum Tusculanum Press, University of Copenhagen, 2015. Pp. 237. $45.00. ISBN: 978-87-635-4264-7.

Reviewed by Kirsten Wolf, University of Wisconsin-Madison

In The Medieval Review

Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection is a very beautifully produced book in honor of the great manuscript collector Árni Magnússon (1663-1730). The year 2013 marked the 350th anniversary of Árni Magnússon’s birth in Iceland. To commemorate his achievements and lasting fame, an international, two-day conference was hosted by the Árni Magnússon Institute for Icelandic Studies in Reykjavík in October 2013. The purpose of the conference was to showcase some of the manuscripts obtained by Árni Magnússon; to bring attention to the national and international significance of his endowment, which resulted in two collections named after him (Det Arnamagnæanske Institut in Copenhagen and Stofnun Árna Magnúsonar in Reykjavík); and to stress the importance of the collection, which was confirmed in 2009, when it was inscribed on UNESCO’s Memory of the World Register. Presumably, the initiative to publish this book was taken at that conference. And presumably, at least some of the descriptions in this book of manuscripts housed in the two collections have their origins in papers presented at that conference as well.
Continuer la lecture de Driscoll, Matthew James, and Svanhildur Óskarsdóttir, eds. Manuscripts from the Arnamagnæan Collection

Pohl, Benjamin, Dudo of Saint-Quentin’s Historia Normannorum: Tradition, Innovation and Memory

Pohl, Benjamin. Dudo of Saint-Quentin’s Historia Normannorum: Tradition, Innovation and Memory. York: York Medieval Press, 2015. Pp. xii, 313. $115.00. ISBN: 978-1-903-15354-3.

Deux comptes rendus / Two reviews

Continuer la lecture de Pohl, Benjamin, Dudo of Saint-Quentin’s Historia Normannorum: Tradition, Innovation and Memory

Buko, Andrzej, ed. Bodzia. A Late Viking-Age Elite Cemetery in Central Poland

Buko, Andrzej, ed. Bodzia. A Late Viking-Age Elite Cemetery in Central Poland. East Central and Eastern Europe in the Middle Ages, 450-1450. Leiden: Brill, 2015. Pp. xxxi, 624. $293.00. ISBN: 978-90-04-27829-5.

Reviewed by Neil Price, University of Uppsala

In The Medieval Review

The Bodzia cemetery is located in the Kuyavia region in what is now northern central Poland, not far from Włocławek and around 50km east of Poznań. Found during development work, the grave-field was excavated in its entirety from 2007-2009 by a team from the Polish Academy of Sciences, and represents one of the country’s most important post-war discoveries from the early medieval period. The results were briefly summarized in a 2011 entry for Antiquity, but now (in what surely must be record time) site director Andrzej Buko has assembled an impressive team of twenty-four scholars, almost all from Poland, for a major publication. Buko and his collaborators have produced a collection that is intentionally not an excavation report (which will appear later, in Polish) but instead a synthetic and wide-ranging presentation of a critical site, written in a manner specifically intended for the international audiences that language issues tend to exclude from Polish archaeological results. The volume is richly illustrated with hundreds of figures in both monochrome and color.

Continuer la lecture de Buko, Andrzej, ed. Bodzia. A Late Viking-Age Elite Cemetery in Central Poland

Findell, Martin. Runes

Findell, Martin. Runes. Ancient Scripts. Los Angeles: Getty Publications, 2015. Pp. 112. $18.95. ISBN: 978-1-60606-448-1.

Reviewed by Carl Kears, King’s College London

In The Medieval Review

The Ancient Scripts series, published in partnership with the British Museum by Getty in the US (and by the British Museum Press in the UK), had two 2015 publications: one on the oldest writing, Cuneiform, written by I. Finkel and J. Taylor, and this book on runic inscription by Martin Findell. Runes, an ancient set of related alphabets in use in northwestern Europe from late antiquity through to the early medieval period, were carved on stone monuments, whalebone caskets, weaponry, and gold ornaments. They were also written down in manuscripts. Findell’s introduction to this script seeks to tell the story of runic writing from its origins to its function in the modern world. This is achieved in an informative and concise way through the use of rich, high quality images of some of the British Museum’s most wondrous objects on which these curious and knowledge-resistant signs are inscribed. This is a highly visual book, then, and one that does not assume prior knowledge of the subject. Furthermore, although it is designed to engage and interest the reader, Findell’s contribution to the Ancient Scripts series remains conservative: it does not sensationalize or purvey popular modern fantasies that have appropriated or even re-envisioned runes as magical symbols that have iconic or apotropaic qualities.

Continuer la lecture de Findell, Martin. Runes

Stéphane Lecouteux, Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp

Stéphane Lecouteux, Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp

Compte rendu de la soutenance de thèse par Jacques Le Maho, Centre Michel de Bouärd – Craham (UMR 6273 CNRS/Unicaen)

Le 23 novembre 2015, à l’université de Caen Basse-Normandie, Stéphane Lecouteux a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat intitulée « Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp », devant un jury composé de Pierre Bauduin, professeur à l’Université de Caen Basse-Normandie, président du jury ; François Bougard, professeur à l’Université Paris-Ouest-Nanterre (rapporteur) ; Laurent Morelle, directeur d’études à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études (rapporteur) ; Edoardo D’Angelo, professeur à l’Università degli studi Suor Orsola Benincasa de Naples ; Anne-Marie Turcan-Verkerk, directeur d’études à l’École Pratique des Hautes Études (co-directrice de la thèse) et Catherine Jacquemard, professeur à l’Université de Caen Basse-Normandie (directrice de la thèse).

Continuer la lecture de Stéphane Lecouteux, Réseaux de confraternité et histoire des bibliothèques : l’exemple de l’abbaye bénédictine de Fécamp

Pierre Bauduin et Marie-Agnès Lucas-Avenel (éd.). L’Historiographie médiévale normande et ses sources antiques (Xe-XIIe siècle)

Bauduin, Pierre and Marie-Agnès Lucas-Avenel, eds. L’Historiographie médiévale normande et ses sources antiques (Xe-XIIe siècle): Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle et du Scriptorial d’Avranches (8-11 octobre 2009). Caen: Presses universitaires de Caen, 2014. pp. 380. €30.00 (hardback). ISBN: 978-2-84133-485-8 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Emily Winkler, University College London
In The Medieval Review

Norman historiographers of the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries, as the collected essays of the volume together assert, belong unequivocally to the tradition of western historical writing. We may likewise say that the historians who edited and authored the essays in this volume have produced a contribution to scholarship which belongs perfectly to the modern discourse on medieval historical writing in the central Middle Ages.

Continuer la lecture de Pierre Bauduin et Marie-Agnès Lucas-Avenel (éd.). L’Historiographie médiévale normande et ses sources antiques (Xe-XIIe siècle)

Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200

Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. pp. xvi, 310. $99.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9781107000285 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Valerie Ramseyer, Wellesley College
In The Medieval Review

Paul Oldfield’s book provides a comprehensive overview of the hagiographical sources related to southern Italy and Sicily from 1000 to 1200, as well as a detailed outline of the main features of sanctity and pilgrimage in the region. Drawing on a large body of primary and secondary sources, the author traces some of the important changes that occurred in the region with the arrival of the Normans, the development of papal and local programs of church reform, and the establishment of the crusader states in the Holy Land. One of the author’s main theses is that newly emerging political powers in the region, including Norman rulers, reform bishops and abbots, and urban communities, used cults of saints as a means to promote and legitimize their power. Continuer la lecture de Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200

McLeod, Shane. The Beginning of Scandinavian Settlement in England. The Viking ‘Great Army’ and Early Settlers, c. 865-90

McLeod, Shane. The Beginning of Scandinavian Settlement in England. The Viking ‘Great Army’ and Early Settlers, c. 865-900

Turnhout: Brepols, 2014. Pp. xv, 319, 8 figures, 6 maps, 3 tables. EUR 80.00.  ISBN: 978-2-503-54556-1.

  Reviewed by P. Holm, Trinity College Dublin

  In The Medieval review

Historians, archaeologists, and philologists have debated the character and extent of Scandinavian settlement like hardly any other phenomenon in Anglo-Saxon England, and more than seventy years after the publication of F.M. Stenton’s ground-breaking Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1943) agreement on the main issues seems far away. McLeod therefore does all parties a great service by assembling and reviewing a good deal of the pieces that make up the puzzle. He boldly imagines some new pieces to make a full picture emerge. Many readers will value McLeod’s book for its up-to-date review, while the model suggested may encourage further research. Continuer la lecture de McLeod, Shane. The Beginning of Scandinavian Settlement in England. The Viking ‘Great Army’ and Early Settlers, c. 865-90

Jónsson, Már. Arnas Magnæus philologus (1663-1730). The Viking Collection: Studies in Northern Civilization, 20. Odense: The University Press of Southern Denmark, 2012. pp. 274. DKK300.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9788776746469 (hardback).

Reviewed by: Anders Winroth, Yale University
 In The Medieval Review : http://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/tmr/article/view/19221/25341

Árni Magnússon (1663-1730) was a remarkable collector and investigator of medieval manuscripts. As the son of an Icelandic priest his early career path was typical: he moved to Copenhagen to study theology, surely with the intention of returning to Iceland to join its Lutheran clergy. Instead, his historical and literary interests quickly pulled him in a different direction. He was fascinated by manuscript work (very few Icelandic texts existed in print in his days); he gained a position first as assistant to the historian Professor Thomas Bartholin and from 1701 as professor himself. Árni had collected and copied old manuscripts even as a teenager, and he inherited more manuscripts from his family, laying early the foundations for the collection that has maintained the fame of his name. His position in Denmark made it possible for him to add to his collection, especially after 1702, when he was appointed to a royal commission sent to Iceland to investigate conditions in this then-Danish colony. He spent ten years in his native country, drawing up the world’s earliest complete population census of an entire nation, but also intensifying his collecting. Continuer la lecture de

Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement

Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. pp. 335. $55.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9780199669783 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Craig M. Nakashian, Texas A&M University-Texarkana
In The Medieval Review :
http://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/tmr/article/view/19270/25398

Sally Harvey–noted scholar of the Domesday Book and the Norman Conquest–synthesizes a wide array of thematic approaches to the Domesday survey and produces a volume of singular value and scope. Known to legions of scholars and students of the Middle Ages, the Domesday Book would not seem to be on the surface a topic in need of a new treatment. However, Harvey’s book both complements and corrects existing historiography in such a way as to be at once familiarly accessible to scholars as well as refreshing and innovative.

Continuer la lecture de Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement

Bliss, Jane, trans. La Vie d’Edouard le Confesseur, by a Nun of Barking Abbey

Bliss, Jane, trans. La Vie d’Edouard le Confesseur, by a Nun of Barking Abbey. Exeter Medieval Texts and Studies. Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2014. pp. 249. £75.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9781846319518 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Jesse D. Mann, Drew University
In The Medieval Review :
http://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/tmr/article/view/19275/25401

The twelfth-century La vie d’Edouard le Confesseur written in Anglo-Norman verse by a Nun of Barking Abbey is an important hagiographical work that has attracted growing scholarly attention in recent years. [1] Jane Bliss here presents the first translation of La vie into modern English. Scholarly interest in this text has largely focused on its significance as the work of a female author from one of the most influential and important abbeys in post-conquest England. Bliss’s translation should serve to make this Life–one of a very small number of Anglo-Norman hagiographies composed by a woman–available to a wider audience, including students, who have no Old French. Although clearly a work of hagiography, La vie also sheds valuable light on Edward’s times and on the Nun’s own twelfth-century context. Bliss contends that this version of Edward’s life « can claim to be historical biography » (4). In contrast, in his standard work on Edward, Frank Barlow writes that « the hagiographical tradition [derived from Osbert of Clare via Aelred of Rievaulx] can be disregarded as an historical source for Edward’s earthly career. » [2] One of Bliss’s main arguments in presenting this translation of La vie is that this work develops that hagiographical tradition in new, independent, and even historically illuminating ways.

Continuer la lecture de Bliss, Jane, trans. La Vie d’Edouard le Confesseur, by a Nun of Barking Abbey

Viking Archaeology in Iceland: Mosfell Archaeological Project

Zori, Davide and Jesse Byock. Viking Archaeology in Iceland: Mosfell Archaeological Project. Cursor Mundi, 20. Turnhout: Brepols, 2014. Pp. xxvi, 256. $156.00 (paperback). 9782503544007 (paperback).

Reviewed by: Neil Price (University of Uppsala)

In The Medieval Review : https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/2022/20057/15.06.08.html?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

This book represents the full publication of a remarkable archaeological excavation project, conducted over multiple seasons in the Mosfell Valley and its central church and farm at Hrísbrú, a spectacular landscape environment not far from Reykjavík in south-western Iceland. Mosfell is well-known from the medieval saga literature, Iceland’s great national literary tradition, and is described in the anonymous saga of Egill Skalla-Grímsson as the location of the hero’s home. Egill is one of the most spectacular figures of the Viking period, even by the standards of a dramatic age, a quintessential warrior-poet, sorcerer and worshipper of the war-god Odin. While the veracity of the saga has long been open to question, the print-the-Legend story has a power all its own. Many Icelanders today are blood relatives of the man himself, and it is fair to say that any archaeological investigation of the reality behind the myth is a subject of national concern in this North Atlantic country of just over 300,000 people.

Continuer la lecture de Viking Archaeology in Iceland: Mosfell Archaeological Project

Theotokis, Georgios. The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081-1108, Reviewed in The Medieval Review by G. A. Loud (University of Leeds)

Theotokis, Georgios
The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081-1108. Warfare in History. Woodbridge: Boydell, 2014. Pp. xii, 262. £60.0/$99.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9781843839217 (hardback).

Reviewed by G. A. Loud, University of Leeds
G.A.Loud@leeds.ac.uk

Reviewed in The Medieval Review

At first sight the title of this book is something of a misnomer, in that only a third of the text is actually devoted to the campaigns waged in the Balkans against the Byzantine Empire by Robert Guiscard, the Norman Duke of Apulia, and his son Bohemond. This reflects the relative paucity of evidence concerning these undoubtedly dramatic events, by far the most detailed account of which comes in the Alexiad of Anna Komnena, written at least sixty years after the earlier expedition of Guiscard, and almost forty years after that of his son in 1107-8. To place these campaigns in context—or, the uncharitable might suggest, to pad out this study, and the thesis on which it is based, to book-length–the first two-thirds of the volume comprise a lengthy introduction to the military background, both in eleventh-century Normandy and southern Italy, and in Byzantium. These introductory chapters do indeed paint with a very broad brush. To what extent a summary discussion of castle-building in Anglo-Norman England, or a history of the Byzantine theme system going back to Heraclius, really enhances our understanding of the conflict between Guiscard and Alexios Komnenos is a moot point. At the same time, the concentration on warfare and tactics means that the political and social background to these campaigns in the Balkans is very hastily sketched. In other words, this book tends to fall between two stools, being neither a full study of warfare and military affairs in Norman Italy–still much needed–or in Byzantium–rather less so in the light of a number of excellent modern works–nor a fully-rounded discussion of the conflict between the Normans of Apulia and Byzantium.

Continuer la lecture de Theotokis, Georgios. The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081-1108, Reviewed in The Medieval Review by G. A. Loud (University of Leeds)