Archives de catégorie : Projets en cours / Current projects

Des « Varègues » sur écorce de bouleau ?

Alexander Musin, Institut pour l’Histoire de la Culture Matérielle, Académie des Sciences de Russie, Saint-Pétersbourg

La campagne de fouilles réalisée à Novgorod la Grande (Russie) en 2015 a apporté quatre documents sur écorce de bouleau des XIIIe-XIVe siècles dont l’un mentionne le mot « varègue ». Le Récit des Temps Passés, la première Chronique russe, identifie généralement sous ce terme, des Scandinaves et, surtout pour les XIe-XIIe siècles, des Suédois. Le document trouvé dans les couches du XIIIe siècle a reçu le numéro 1064 dans la collection de cette série documentaire issue des fouilles de Novgorod, qui comptait, à la fin de la campagne de 2015, 1067 documents sur écorce de bouleau. Il a été rédigé en vieux slavon comme tous les textes de ce genre. À la suite d’une liste de dettes mal conservée figure une liste de sept noms avec parfois des surnoms à l’accusatif, parmi lesquels OSIPE VAREGE, c’est-à-dire « Joseph Varègue ».

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La numérisation des documents des archives du Palais Bénédictine à Fécamp

Michael Bloche, Conservateur aux Archives départementales de la Seine-Maritime

Les Archives départementales de la Seine-Maritime numérisent depuis plusieurs mois les chartes et autres documents intéressants l’abbaye de Fécamp et l’histoire de la Normandie conservées au Palais Bénédictine de Fécamp.

Ce projet est réalisé dans le cadre d’une coopération entre les Archives départementales de la Seine-Maritime, le Centre Michel de Boüard-CRAHAM (UMR 6273) et la société Bacardi-France, détentrice des fonds du Palais Bénédictine. Une convention réunissant les différents partenaires (2014) a établi les modalités de cette collaboration et de la réalisation du projet, en prévoyant à terme d’utiliser librement et gratuitement, à des fins non commerciales, les images numérisées à des fins de consultation, ou pour la réalisation de publications, bases de données et outils de travail. L’opération a reçu le soutien du Consortium CoSME (COnsortium Sources MEdiévales (http://cosme.hypotheses.org/) rattaché au TGIR Huma-Num du CNRS.

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Programme Ex monasterio Montis Sancti Michaelis : textes, matériaux et instruments pour une histoire de la bibliothèque du Mont Saint-Michel

Le programme Ex monasterio Montis Sancti Michaelis a été construit autour de la collection de manuscrits et d’imprimés en provenance de l’abbaye du Mont Saint-Michel conservée à Avranches. Il vise la mise en place d’un dispositif d’édition numérique, hébergé sur les serveurs de l’université de Caen, Basse-Normandie, qui réunira et mettra à la disposition des chercheurs et du public les documents utiles à l’histoire de la bibliothèque du Mont Saint-Michel.

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Le projet de corpus des chartes normandes SCRIPTA

Scripta (Site Caennais de Recherche Informatique et de Publication Textes Anciens, resp. P. Bauduin) s’inscrit dans le cadre d’un projet de recherches développé au Centre Michel de Boüard-Craham (UMR 6273) sur les sources textuelles de la Normandie médiévale qui comporte également une revue électronique (Tabularia), des rencontres scientifiques, des projets d’édition de sources, des recherches menées par des chercheurs confirmés et des doctorants (chartrier de Fécamp, cartulaire de Saint-Étienne de Caen, actes d’évêques).

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Mémoire et diplomatique : l’édition des actes des évêques de Sées (911-1220)

Mémoire et diplomatique : l’édition des actes des évêques de Sées (911-1220)

Responsable du projet/Project leader :

Richard Allen (richard.allen@history.ox.ac.uk)

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

L’objectif du projet est simple : collecter et éditer d’une manière critique les actes donnés par les évêques du diocèse de Sées pendant la période allant de 911 jusqu’en 1220 en vue de mettre l’ensemble à disposition des chercheurs sous forme d’une publication traditionnelle ainsi qu’informatique. Bénéficiaire d’un financement (en post-doctorat) de l’Université de Caen Basse-Normandie durant l’année 2013, le travail se poursuit aujourd’hui dans le cadre du projet Corpus des actes épiscopaux normands (XIe-XIIIe siècle) développé au Centre Michel de Boüard-CRAHAM (UMR 6273). Le dépouillement systématique de l’essentiel des fonds d’archives conservés dans les dépôts départementaux et nationaux, tant en France qu’en Angleterre, a révélé l’existence de presque 400 actes, dont 111 nous sont parvenus en original. Pouvoir les consulter sera d’un profit considérable pour la connaissance de plusieurs aspects de l’histoire médiévale du diocèse de Sées ainsi que de la Normandie plus largement. Ils fournissent de nombreux renseignements sur la fonction épiscopale, sur l’action épiscopale dans l’administration du diocèse, sur le fonctionnement de la juridiction de l’évêque, sur les fondations d’abbayes, de prieurés et d’institutions charitables ou hospitalières, et sur les mutations socio-économiques qu’a connues la région au cours de ces siècles décisifs du Moyen Âge. Le diocèse de Sées, dont les limites s’étendaient au-delà des marges méridionales de la Normandie, offre aussi un sujet de recherches plein d’intérêt en ce qui concerne l’évolution des marches normandes, et les actes offrent des aperçus nouveaux sur les familles aristocratiques de cette zone frontière stratégique chevauchant les frontières des comtés du Maine et de Blois et Chartres. Ils contiennent enfin une masse de données toponymiques et leur édition constitue donc un apport important pour la toponymie et l’anthroponymie normande. Les financements reçus en 2013 ont également permis d’avancer le balisage XML des actes, ce qui permettra la publication du corpus sur double support dans le cadre du projet E-Cartae, dont les schémas d’encodage XML-TEI sont pris en charge par la chaîne d’édition multi-support des Presses Universitaires de Caen.

Projet «Antiquités de la terre Novgorod: une base de données électronique de découvertes archéologiques»

Le projet «Antiquités de la terre Novgorod: une base de données électronique de découvertes archéologiques» vise à la création et au développement d’un outil de ressources sur les informations obtenues lors de fouilles archéologiques des monuments antiques et médiévaux de terre Novgorod. La base de données contient des images numériques des découvertes et l’information la plus complète sur tous les sujets, et plus particulièrement sur les fouilles de Staraya Russa (XIe-XVIe siècle) dont on trouvera les rapports de fouilles. Elle offre un accès distant pour les chercheurs.

Source et accès : http://www.novsu.ru/archeology

History Books in the Anglo-Norman World c.1100-c.1300

History Books in the Anglo-Norman World c.1100-c.1300

Responsable du projet/Project leader :

Laura Cleaver (cleaverl@tcd.ie)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

Trinity College Dublin

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries history (interpreted as both the recent past and a period stretching back to include the biblical narrative) seems to have become a major interest for both the educated elite and a growing audience who accessed ideas through vernacular texts. New chronicles and annals were produced, together with accounts of the histories of particular peoples, nations and subjects. At the same time, history was explored through images in books and other media. Much historical writing in this period dealt with issues of conquest and identity, which were often allied to geography, ethnicity or particular institutions. The ‘History Books’ project, funded by the Marie Curie Programme (FP7), will examine surviving medieval manuscripts in order to investigate the writing of history in areas controlled by the Anglo-Norman Empire, concentrating on the period 1100-1300. In particular the project will explore the use of images in the presentation of history in books and beyond.

[Lien/Link : https://www.tcd.ie/History_of_Art/research/history-books.php]

Profile of a Doomed Elite: The Structure of English Landed Society in 1066

Profile of a Doomed Elite: The Structure of English Landed Society in 1066

Responsable du projet/Project leader :

Christopher Lewis (christopher.p.lewis@kcl.ac.uk)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

King’s College London

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The project will use innovative methods for interpreting Domesday Book to survey the whole of English landed society on the eve of the Norman Conquest in 1066, identifying landowners at all levels of society from the king and earls down to the parish gentry and even some prosperous peasants.

It may seem astonishing that this has never been done before, since the evidence has existed for more than 900 years. Domesday Book is the most complete survey of any medieval landed society, and provides a unique opportunity to reconstruct the distribution of landed wealth in eleventh-century England. It has been intensively studied, but until now progress has been blocked: the way pre-Conquest landholders are recorded creates major difficulties in identifying and distinguishing individuals of the same name; gathering, comparing, and mapping the evidence by hand has been prohibitively time-consuming; and evidence about landholders in other sources (such as chronicles and charters) has not been systematically pulled together.

Recent research on two fronts has transformed this situation. Publications by Stephen Baxter, Chris Lewis, and others (including in particular Dr Ann Williams, whose research constitutes one of the keystones of the project) have shown that Domesday Book can be used to make many more secure identifications of landowners than had ever been thought possible; and the imminent publication of ‘The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England’ (PASE) will allow the evidence to be assembled, mapped, and compared with other sources much more efficiently. PASE will provide a prosopography – that is, a list of everything known – for every person recorded throughout the entire Anglo-Saxon period from the sixth century to the eleventh. It has been based at King’s and the University of Cambridge, and has been funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council over eight years in two phases. The second phase, which was published on 18 August 2010, extended PASE’s coverage of the eleventh century, and made a comprehensive database of Domesday landholders linked to mapping facilities freely available online.

‘Profile of a Doomed Elite’ will build on and refine PASE’s coverage of the late Anglo-Saxon nobility on the eve of its demise. It opens up the prospect of a major breakthrough in our knowledge of the Norman Conquest, one of the defining moments in English and European history.

The project will be implemented and published online by the King’s Department of Digital Humanities.

[Lien/Link : http://www.kcl.ac.uk/artshums/depts/history/research/proj/profile.aspx]

Interpreting Eddic Poetry Project

Interpreting Eddic Poetry Project

Responsables du projet/Project leaders :

Carolyne Larrington (carolyne.larrington@sjc.ox.ac.uk), Judy Quinn (jeq20@cam.ac.uk)

Établissements principaux/Main institutions :

University of Oxford, University of Cambridge

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

Old Norse-Icelandic medieval literature is, alongside medieval French literature, the richest corpus of vernacular texts preserved from 850-1450. It incorporates an extraordinary range of genres, from early, oral poetry of praise and mourning to later indigenous prose romances making creative use of native and European narrative motifs. It also includes the unparalleled prose narratives of the sagas (many of which contain extensive quotations of poetry), contemporary histories and chronicles, poetry manuals and learned encyclopedic works, as well as a varied body of translated and native religious texts. Mediating insights into early Germanic and Scandinavian history, mythology, legend and society, and above all, crucial in reconstructing pre- and post-Conversion mentalités, the Norse literary heritage is becoming increasingly important in the study of medieval Europe.

The focus of this major new international research project is the unique genre of eddic poetry, a substantial body of literature preserved in a variety of disparate contexts. One major anthology survives, as well as single poems within compilation manuscripts and scattered quotations within treatises and a large number of sagas. The primary objectives of the ‘Interpreting Eddic Poetry’ Project are the redefinition of the extent and scope of this corpus and the reassessment of its significance in the light of recent advances in interdisciplinary research into different aspects of the culture of medieval Europe.

[Lien/Link : http://www.sjc.ox.ac.uk/6447/Interpreting-Eddic-Poetry.html]

The Isle of Man Viking Ancestry study

The Isle of Man Viking Ancestry study

Responsables du projet/Project leaders :

Mark Jobling (maj4@le.ac.uk), Simon James (stj3@le.ac.uk)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

University of Leicester

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

This University of Leicester-funded study is being carried out by Hayley Dunn under the joint supervision of Professor Mark Jobling (Department of Genetics) and Dr Simon James (School of Archaeology) as part of research leading to a PhD degree. The aim of project is to look at the proportion of Viking ancestry among the inhabitants of the Isle of Man.

In this project we will exploit the power of the link we have previously shown between surnames and Y-chromosomal DNA (both of which are passed from father to son). We will use historical lists of surnames present on the Isle of Man in medieval times to recruit modern donor samples to mimic the population of the past. We will analyse Y chromosomes because these are linked with surnames, and then estimate proportions of Norwegian ancestry in these samples.

[Lien/Link : http://www2.le.ac.uk/projects/impact-of-diasporas/projects-1/IsleofMan]

Anglo Norman Dictionary Project

Anglo Norman Dictionary Project

Responsable du projet/Project leader :

D.A. Trotter (dtt@aber.ac.uk)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

Aberystwyth University

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

Anglo-Norman, the form of French used in medieval Britain from 1066 until the mid-fifteenth century, is a major component of English. It is crucial to historians of English; as an important dialect of medieval French (in which the earliest French literary texts were written), it forms a key element in any account of the history of French vocabulary. The language of a major European power in the Middle Ages, Anglo-Norman was the medium for a vast array of historical, administrative, and legal documentation.

The Anglo-Norman Dictionary (1977-1992) is the only guide to this difficult vocabulary. The first half of this Dictionary is nothing like as comprehensive as the second half (from P onwards); the project’s ultimate aim is a complete revision, which will probably produce a dictionary two to three times the size of the first edition. The first part (A-E) was published and put online in 2005; with AHRC support, the project team has been progressively revising (for an online-only edition) from F onwards, with funding already secured as far as M.

[Lien/Link : http://www.anglo-norman.net/]

The Orkney Viking Heritage Project

The Orkney Viking Heritage Project

Responsables du projet/Project leaders :

Elizabeth Ashman Rowe (ea315@cam.ac.uk), Donna Heddle (donna.heddle@orkney.uhi.ac.uk), Judith Jesch (judith.jesch@nottingham.ac.uk), Carolyne Larrington (carolyne.larrington@sjc.ox.ac.uk), Christina Lee (christina.lee@nottingham.ac.uk), Heather O’Donoghue (heather.odonoghue@linacre.ox.ac.uk), Judy Quinn (jeq20@cam.ac.uk)

Établissements principaux/Main institutions :

University of Oxford, University of Cambridge, University of Nottingham, University of the Highlands and Islands

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The Orkney Viking Heritage Project is a training programme for PhD students and early career researchers in the field of Old Norse-Icelandic and Viking Studies (ONIVS), which aims to extend academic research about the Viking diaspora and its tangible and non-tangible heritage in the British Isles. The Project addresses the evident skills gap in the Strategic Area of Heritage and engages with the Emerging Theme of Translating Cultures. It comprises a Preparatory Workshop in Oxford bringing together academics, young scholars and heritage professionals, and a Field School in Orkney providing hands-on experience of a heritage landscape, and will enable the translation of findings into accessible multi-media formats for public dissemination as exhibition resources. The theme of this year’s Midlands Viking Symposium is linked to the Project.

[Lien/Link : http://www.orkneyproject.org/]

The Conqueror’s Commissioners: Unlocking the Domesday Survey of South-Western England

The Conqueror’s Commissioners: Unlocking the Domesday Survey of South-Western England

Responsables du projet/Project leaders :

Julia Crick (julia.crick@kcl.ac.uk), Stephen Baxter (stephen.baxter@spc.ox.ac.uk), Peter Stokes (peter.stokes@kcl.ac.uk)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

King’s College London

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The Exon Domesday is the earliest manuscript of William the Conqueror’s Domesday survey. Written in the South West nearly 1000 years ago, and housed at Exeter for most or all of its lifetime, it is the most complete and extensive record of the data collected by commissioners working across England at the end of the Conqueror’s reign. It records data for Devon, Cornwall, Dorset, Somerset and Wiltshire before the process of editing and simplification which produced Great Domesday Book, the version of Domesday Book known to all and preserved at the National Archives at Kew. Exon Domesday provides unique information about the landscape and population of these counties in the generation before and after the Norman conquest of 1066. Researchers also hope that Exon Domesday will contain the key to understanding the Domesday survey itself, one of the most remarkable demonstrations of the effectiveness of royal government in the Middle Ages.

The interdisciplinary team, led by Professor Julia Crick (King’s College London), Dr Stephen Baxter (University of Oxford) and Dr Peter Stokes (King’s College London) and supported by a panel of international experts, will subject the manuscript and its contents to intensive scrutiny in an effort to reconstruct how the survey worked and how its results were recorded. Their project will create a freely available digital resource for the use of schools, local historians, and academic researchers across the world. High resolution photography will produce a digital surrogate of Exon Domesday; an accompanying Latin text and English translation will make the text available for the first time; a database will record the detailed findings of the research and a printed companion will also be published to provide a permanent record of the project. The project, designed in association with the Cathedral Library and Archives will be accompanied by public events at the cathedral, a series of talks in other cathedrals and across the South West.

[Lien/Link : http://www.exeter-cathedral.org.uk/content/news/exon-domesday-book-unlocked-for-future-generations.ashx]

Crafting Networks in Viking Towns

Crafting Networks in Viking Towns

Responsables du projet/Project leaders :

Steve Ashby (steve.ashby@york.ac.uk), Søren M. Sindbæk (soren.sindbaek@york.ac.uk)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

University of York

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

This project brings together leading UK and Scandinavian archaeological specialists to undertake a comparative survey of crafted products and workshop assemblages from Viking-period towns in Northern Europe in order to clarify the role of long-distance interactions in early medieval urbanism. Striking similarities of material culture show that these places, though sometimes separated by hundreds of kilometres, were often as tightly related as neighbouring villages. Yet we have but a vague understanding of this communication. Did early medieval urban communities form a densely connected ‘global village’, or did they interact through selective, personal links to a few distant sites?

[Lien/Link : http://www.york.ac.uk/archaeology/research/current-projects/cnvt/]

Acta of the Plantagenets

Acta of the Plantagenets

Responsable du projet/Project leader :

Nicholas Vincent (n.vincent@uea.ac.uk)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

University of Cambridge

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The texts of original charters, writs, letters, and other documents, as well as copies and transcripts of them made between the twelfth century and the present, are being prepared for editions intended for publication, beginning with the acts of Henry II. In addition to those of Henry, the project has also collected the acts of Eleanor of Aquitaine, of Richard I, of John as Lord of Ireland and Count of Mortain, and of other members of the Plantagenet family.

[Lien/Link : http://www.britac.ac.uk/arp/acta.cfm]