Archives de catégorie : Religions, contacts religieux, conversion / Religion, religious contacts, conversion

Ciardi A. M., On the Formation of Cathedral Chapters and Cathedral Culture : Lund, Denmark, and Scandinavia, c. 1060–1225

Ciardi A. M., On the Formation of Cathedral Chapters and Cathedral Culture : Lund, Denmark, and Scandinavia, c. 1060–1225, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2016 (Lunds Universitet)

Continuer la lecture de Ciardi A. M., On the Formation of Cathedral Chapters and Cathedral Culture : Lund, Denmark, and Scandinavia, c. 1060–1225

Karlsson Mattias, Konstruktionen av det heliga. Altarna i det medeltida Lunds stift

Karlsson Mattias, Konstruktionen av det heliga. Altarna i det medeltida Lunds stift, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (Lund University)

Continuer la lecture de Karlsson Mattias, Konstruktionen av det heliga. Altarna i det medeltida Lunds stift

Ellis Nilsson Sara E., Creating Holy People and Places on the Periphery. A Study of the Emergence of Cults of Native Saints in the Ecclesiastical Provinces of Lund and Uppsala from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Centuries

Ellis Nilsson Sara E., Creating Holy People and Places on the Periphery. A Study of the Emergence of Cults of Native Saints in the Ecclesiastical Provinces of Lund and Uppsala from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Centuries, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (Göteborgs universitet)

Continuer la lecture de Ellis Nilsson Sara E., Creating Holy People and Places on the Periphery. A Study of the Emergence of Cults of Native Saints in the Ecclesiastical Provinces of Lund and Uppsala from the Eleventh to the Thirteenth Centuries

Ljung Cecilia, Under runristad häll : Tidigkristna gravmonument i 1000-talets Sverige

Ljung Cecilia, Under runristad häll : Tidigkristna gravmonument i 1000-talets Sverige, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2016 (Stockholm University)

Continuer la lecture de Ljung Cecilia, Under runristad häll : Tidigkristna gravmonument i 1000-talets Sverige

Laidoner Triin, Ancestors, their worship and the elite in Viking Age and early medieval Scandinavia

Laidoner Triin, Ancestors, their worship and the elite in Viking Age and early medieval Scandinavia, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (University of Aberdeen)

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Alban Gautier, Du danger des mots transparents : dire le phénomène anglo-scandinave dans quelques publications récentes en langue anglaise

Article publié dans le dossier thématique – actes de la journée d’étude du 20 novembre 2015, Les transferts culturels dans les mondes normands médiévaux I – Des mots pour le dire ?

Du danger des mots transparents : dire le phénomène anglo-scandinave dans quelques publications récentes en langue anglaise

Alban Gautier

Université du Littoral-Côte d’Opale ; HLLI – EA 4030


L’expression « phénomène anglo-scandinave » fait référence à la présence du IXe au XIe siècle en Angleterre d’individus et de populations que divers éléments, dans la documentation écrite ou dans l’analyse des données archéologiques, permettent de rattacher à la Scandinavie. Deux ouvrages récents (Kopár 2012 ; McLeod 2014), mais aussi un article de Lesley Abrams (Abrams 2012) reconsidèrent cette « question anglo-scandinave », en cherchant à comprendre comment les migrants et les sociétés qui les ont accueillis ont été concrètement amenés à voir évoluer leurs appartenances telles qu’elles existaient avant la rencontre entre ces populations d’origines différentes… ou au contraire à les conserver, voire à les durcir. Pour rendre compte de ces changements, les auteurs utilisent des termes que l’on peut dire « processuels » (en cela qu’ils cherchent à nommer des processus) : des mots en –ation, a priori transparents, comme integration, accommodation, acculturation, assimilation, hybridation ou Christianization. Or l’apparente transparence de ces termes fait en réalité courir au lecteur francophone le risque du contresens.

Continuer la lecture de Alban Gautier, Du danger des mots transparents : dire le phénomène anglo-scandinave dans quelques publications récentes en langue anglaise

Kathryn Hurlock, Paul Oldfield. ed. Crusading and Pilgrimage in the Norman World

Kathryn Hurlock, Paul Oldfield. ed. Crusading and Pilgrimage in the Norman World. Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2015.

 

Résumé/abstract :

 

The reputation of the Normans is rooted in warfare, faith and mobility. They were simultaneously famed as warriors, noted for their religious devotion, and celebrated as fearless travellers. In the Middle Ages few activities offered a better conduit to combine warfare, religiosity, and movement than crusading and pilgrimage. However, while scholarship is abundant on many facets of the Norman world, it is a surprise that the Norman relationship with crusading and pilgrimage, so central in many ways to Norman identity, has hitherto not received extensive treatment.

The collection here seeks to fill this gap. It aims to identify what was unique or different about the Normans and their relationship with crusading and pilgrimage, as well as how and why crusade and pilgrimage were important to the Normans. Particular focus is given to Norman participation in the First Crusade, to Norman interaction in later crusading initiatives, to the significance of pilgrimage in diverse parts of the Norman world, and finally to the ways in which crusading and pilgrimage were recorded in Norman narrative. Ultimately, this volume aims to assess, in some cases to confirm, and in others to revise the established paradigm of the Normans as crusaders par excellence and as opportunists who used religion to serve other agendas.

 

Dr Kathryn Hurlock is Senior Lecturer in Medieval History at Manchester Metropolitan University; Dr Paul Oldfield is Lecturer in Medieval History at the University of Manchester.

 

Contributors: Andrew Abram, William M. Aird, Emily Albu, Joanna Drell, Leonie Hicks, Natasha Hodgson, Kathryn Hurlock, Alan V. Murray, Paul Oldfield, David S. Spear, Lucas Villegas-Aristizábal.

 

Lien/Link http://www.boydellandbrewer.com/store/viewItem.asp?idProduct=14741

Nef Annliese, Conquérir et gouverner la Sicile islamique aux XIe et XIIe siècles

Nef Annliese, Conquérir et gouverner la Sicile islamique aux XIe et XIIe siècles (B.E.F.A.R.), Rome, 2011.

 

Résumé/abstract :

Conquérant la Sicile à partir du milieu du XIe siècle, les Hauteville sont les premiers à mettre en place un gouvernement qui se définit comme chrétien et, au moins en partie, de langue latine, tout en exerçant ses prérogatives sur une population majoritairement musulmane et arabophone. Pour ce faire, ils élaborent progressivement des instruments de gouvernement, mais se font aussi les mécènes d’une production culturelle qui a suscité admiration et commentaires jusqu’à aujourd’hui.

Cet ouvrage se présente comme une enquête sur les différentes dimensions du pouvoir des Hauteville de la conquête de la Sicile à la fin du XIIe siècle (politique linguistique, construction d’un État, mécénat, mais aussi contrôle des populations et du territoire). Il vise à dé-mythifier les représentations que l’on a souvent de ce long siècle de « tolérance », mais aussi à déconstruire l’idée que l’échec de la dynastie était écrit d’avance. Il postule néanmoins que la construction « normande » en Sicile demeure originale et novatrice et qu’elle fournit des éléments de comparaison utiles à tous ceux qui analysent les situations de conquête et de gouvernement minoritaire en contexte multiculturel.

 

Lien/Link http://www.publications.efrome.it/opencms/opencms/conqu%C3%A8rir_et_gouverner_la_sicile_islamique_aux_xie_et_xiie_si%C3%A8cles_d9e77dd7-e8e0-11e0-bed9-000c291eeace.html

Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200

Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. pp. xvi, 310. $99.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9781107000285 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Valerie Ramseyer, Wellesley College
In The Medieval Review

Paul Oldfield’s book provides a comprehensive overview of the hagiographical sources related to southern Italy and Sicily from 1000 to 1200, as well as a detailed outline of the main features of sanctity and pilgrimage in the region. Drawing on a large body of primary and secondary sources, the author traces some of the important changes that occurred in the region with the arrival of the Normans, the development of papal and local programs of church reform, and the establishment of the crusader states in the Holy Land. One of the author’s main theses is that newly emerging political powers in the region, including Norman rulers, reform bishops and abbots, and urban communities, used cults of saints as a means to promote and legitimize their power. Continuer la lecture de Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200

Conquest: 1016, 1066 – Call for paper

An Interdisciplinary Anniversary Conference

Ioannou Centre and TORCH, Oxford, 21-24 July 2016

PAPER PROPOSAL DEADLINE 31 OCTOBER 2015

Sessions will run in parallel for 90 minutes each. Paper proposals in the general call should be for 20 minute papers, which will be scheduled in sessions of 3 papers each; if groups of people wish to propose a session in a different format, they are welcome to submit linked proposals. Session and paper proposers are asked to nominate one or more of the thematic strands in which their session/paper would fit:

  1. The Church; monasticism, clerical reform, theology, religious experience
  2. Literature, authors, and patronage
  3. Language and multilingualism, language contact
  4. Institutions and governance; lordship; kingship
  5. Warfare, battles, conduct in war, fighting men
  6. Art and material culture; music; court life
  7. Society and peoples
  8. Trade and commerce
  9. Space, movement, contact, networks; England and Europe, England and Scandinavia
  10. Historiography

Download the CALL FOR PAPERS (PDF)

Download the Paper Proposal form (Word document)

Email paper proposals by 31 October 2015.

Reading Augustine’s Confessions in Normandy in the 11th and 12th Centuries

Lire Les Confessions de saint Augustin en Normandie aux XIe et XIIe siècles

Lauren MANCIA (Department of History, Brooklyn College, New York)

http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=dossier12&file=03mancia.xml

Abstract:
Scholars such as Pierre Courcelle have observed an intensification in interest in Augustine’s Confessionsin medieval Europe after the 11th century. This intensification was manifested in Normandy in two ways: first, in the early 11th century, Abbot John of Fécamp drew extensively from Augustine’s Confessions in his own Confessio Theologica; and second, book lists and extant manuscripts from the Norman monastic world show a marked increase in the number of copies of Confessions in Normandy by end of the 12th century. This article offers, for the first time, both an analysis of how John of Fécamp used Augustine’s work in his own Confessio and an interpretation of the manuscript evidence for the diffusion ofConfessions in Normandy. This study hopes to demonstrate how an analysis of contemporary intellectual interpretations of texts in Normandy can be used alongside paleographical examination of surviving copies to uncover both the ways in which and the reasons for which books circulated among the monastic houses.

Keywords: John of Fécamp, Confessions, St. Augustine of Hippo, monastic manuscript culture, monastic contemplation, 11th-century, 12th-century, Confessio Theologica, monasticism, Paris, BnF, ms lat. 1916

Continuer la lecture de Reading Augustine’s Confessions in Normandy in the 11th and 12th Centuries

Matveeva Elizaveta, Reconsidering the tradition: the Odinic hero as saga-protagonist

Matveeva Elizaveta, Reconsidering the tradition: the Odinic hero as saga-protagonist, (dir. J. Jesch, University of Nottingham)

En cours depuis ?/In preparation since ?

Résumé/abstract :

My project centres upon the representation of late Icelandic saga characters that are connected with Odinic motifs, and are usually based upon an earlier tradition of depicting a mortal hero consecrated to Óðinn. The major examples of such characters include Sigmundr, Sinfjötli and Sigurðr of Völsunga saga that goes back to Eddic poetry, and the eponymous kings and their champions in Hrólfs saga kraka and Halfs saga ok Halfsrekka. The aim of my thesis is to look at the perception and interpretation of these traditional storylines and their pagan theme in saga narrative of the Christian era, from both literary-critical and historical points of view.

[Source : http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/research/groups/csva/research/doctoral-research.aspx]

Dutton Douglas, Entering Óðinn’s Hall: ritual and remembrance

Dutton Douglas, Entering Óðinn’s Hall: ritual and remembrance, (dir. T. Wills, S. Brink, University of Aberdeen)

En cours depuis 2012/In preparation since 2012

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.abdn.ac.uk/sdhp/research-students-533.php]

McCullough Jess, Belief and practice in early Norse Greenland

McCullough Jess, Belief and practice in early Norse Greenland, (dir. D. O’Sullivan, N. Christie, University of Leicester)

En cours depuis 2012/In preparation since 2012

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.history.ac.uk/history-online/theses/thesis/in-progress/belief-and-practice-early-norse-greenland]

Barnwell Timothy, Missionaries and changing views of ‘the Other’ from the 9th to 12th centuries

Barnwell Timothy, Missionaries and changing views of ‘the Other’ from the 9th to 12th centuries, thèse soutenue en 2014, (dir. I. Wood, University of Leeds)

Résumé/abstract :

This thesis explores the varying ways in which otherness was imagined and constructed in two clusters of medieval missionary texts: Rimbert’s Vita Anskarii and Adam of Bremen’s Gesta Hammaburgensis ecclesiae pontificum, from the archdiocese of Hamburg-Bremen; and Bruno of Querfurt’s Passio Sancti Adalberti episcopi et martyris, Vita vel passio Benedicti et Iohannis sociorumque suorum and Epistola ad Heinricum Regem. Missionaries and the authors who described their work were uniquely concerned with those who lay beyond the geographical, political and spiritual boundaries of Christendom. Accordingly, they provide our principal sources for understanding how such groups were represented. In the first instance, this thesis is concerned with descriptions of groups physically located outside the Carolingian, Ottonian, and Salian Empires, particularly in the Scandinavian and Slavic worlds. But given the fluidity and interconnectedness of early medieval identities, it also encompasses representations of marginalised groups within Christendom such as slaves, women, heretics, Jews and political enemies. Following a brief introduction, the thesis begins by setting out the theoretical foundations of an understanding of otherness based on the expectation of variety. This forms a response to the totalising claims of many recent discussions of otherness. This is followed by a close analysis of each text, beginning with the Hamburg-Bremen material, before moving on to Bruno of Querfurt’s works. The aim is to reflect the peculiar dynamics of each work and, consequently, discussions of these authors’ literary and exegetical concerns form a substantial part of this study. Their presentation of groups within Christendom has also been emphasised; sometimes the other was closer to home. The thesis concludes by emphasising the conceptual variety revealed in each work. Key themes can be identified, but the presentation of otherness in all of these texts is far more diverse and conceptually fragmented than is usually appreciated in existing scholarship.

[Source : http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/8741/]