Archives de catégorie : Lieux d’échanges, villes et campagnes / Places of exchange, towns and countryside

Sandro Carocci, Signorie di Mezzogiorno

Sandro Carocci, Signorie di Mezzogiorno. Società rurali, poteri aristocratici e monarchia (XII-XIII secolo), Roma (Viella) 2014.

 

Résumé/abstract :

 

Qual era il vero volto della signoria nel Mezzogiorno italiano? Cosa può apportare il Sud alle grandi discussioni sul feudalesimo e sui poteri aristocratici, sulla loro struttura e sulla loro evoluzione, sul loro impatto economico e sociale? Che contributo può venire dal Regno di Sicilia agli studi sulla dialettica che avveniva fra sovrani, nobiltà e società contadine? E poi, lo studio dei poteri signorili e delle società rurali può riconfigurare le classiche tematiche meridionali dell’arretratezza economica e della centralità monarchica?

 

Questo libro costituisce la prima analisi sistematica sulla signoria nel Mezzogiorno durante l’epoca normanno-sveva e primo-angioina. Offre nuove interpretazioni sul potere della nobiltà, sulle società rurali e sulla politica monarchica. Mostra come fra re, nobili e contadini si attuò un gioco complesso, condotto attraverso le leggi e la violenza, i rapporti feudali e gli investimenti economici, le discussioni sulla libertà e la servitù, lo sfruttamento di uomini e risorse naturali. I suoi protagonisti sono mondi contadini dal dinamismo finora insospettato, re determinati a limitare il potere aristocratico, e nobili costretti ad adattare la propria signoria alla forza delle società rurali e della politica monarchica. Ne esce un Mezzogiorno finora sconosciuto, vitale e articolato, la cui lettura permette di comprendere meglio non solo le vicende del meridione, ma quelle di molte altre regioni.

 

Lien/Link http://www.viella.it/libro/9788867283224

The Key to Uppåkra: digitizing a unique archeological cultural heritage

Responsables du projet/Project leaders : Torbjörn Ahlström (torbjorn.ahlstrom@ark.lu.se), Mats Roslund (mats.roslund@ark.lu.se)

Établissements principaux/Main institutions : Historical Archaeology

Department of Archaeology and Ancient History, Lund University

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The purpose of the project The Key to Uppåkra is to create an integrated database containing spatial and chronological information from the archaeological investigations at Uppåkra in Scania, connected to a visual collection of the artefacts for further research and public visualization of the extensive sources. Firstly, it will secure the quality of and access to the archaeological documentation from the site. In the project, eighteen years of very diverse archaeological investigations are synchronised into a coherent digital frame, by using Intrasis and GIS, translating digital data into visual format. Secondly, parallel to the temporal-spatial ordering, 28 000 artefacts will be photographed and made accessible on the Internet by the use of K-Samsök and Europeana, two commonly used facilities in museums. This opens up possibilities for research on societal change during the politically formative period for early Scandinavian states, based on a site with extremely long settlement continuity. The database will be internationally accessible to scholars, as well as the public, through open access. The mobilization for a database will be the launchpad for sustainable knowledge, with national and international impact. Uppåkra will be important for scholars occupied with questions on pre-urban societies and how they were established and transformed into towns, in their ecological, social and cultural context. As such, the Uppåkra database will have a global scope.

[Lien/Link : http://www.ark.lu.se/en/forskning/forskningsprojekt/projekt/822/]

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (dir. K. O’Conor, NUI Galway)

Résumé/abstract :

The Anglo-Norman occupation of Cork permanently altered the physical and societal landscape of the city, and its immediate surrounding area. Over the course of nearly a century and a half, a small but functioning harbour became the premier Anglo-Norman port on the south-west coast of Ireland, and the earlier settlement transitioned from a small Hiberno-Norse trading community and nearby monastic nucleus into a socially- and architecturally-diverse urban centre. This process of urbanisation was a deliberate action on the part of the Anglo-Normans to ‘civilise’ their new colony in the late 12th century, and by the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the thriving town of Cork was a testament to the successful realization of this goal. There has been extensive archaeological investigation within the city, which has uncovered significant evidence of Cork’s urban medieval development. To date, the results of these excavations have not been academically assessed as a compound entity. This study is the first attempt to establish a cohesive archaeological and historical understanding of the impact of Anglo-Norman occupation on the social morphology of Cork’s earliest urban inhabitants. It is, effectively, the first integrated interpretation of all available archaeological data from the Anglo-Norman period in Cork. Using an approach which integrates historical and archaeological evidence to define exact temporal parameters, the present writer has interrogated all available excavation data as part of a high-resolution study of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork. This has resulted in a new understanding of some long-held perceptions of the period between c.1171 and c.1315 in the city. This research has challenged previous historical interpretations of the impact of the Anglo-Norman occupation on the existing Hiberno-Norse inhabitants, and re-defined their role as useful participants in the economy of the Anglo-Norman city. Evidence of at least four social strata within the town has been identified, and new information on the quality of life enjoyed by the lower-ranking craft-workers and artisans of the period is put forward. Phases of economic migration within the city have been recognized, as has physical evidence of the elite members of society at this time. Life-ways, both individual and familial, have been deciphered from the data in order to enrich, and personalize, this account of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork.

[Source : https://aran.library.nuigalway.ie/xmlui/handle/10379/5045]

Premiers résultats de la fouille programmée d’un nouvel édifice de prestige au château de Caen

Bénédicte Guillot (Centre Michel de Boüard – Craham ; Inrap)

En 1998, la ville de Caen a lancé un programme de conservation et de mise en valeur du château de Caen. Une opération d’archéologie préventive a eu lieu en 2005 à l’emplacement des actuelles « salles du rempart ». Une fouille programmée a été lancée en 2011 afin d’étudier un grand bâtiment mis en évidence en 2005 et se développant au sud des limites de fouille. Elle s’est poursuivie en 2012 et 2013 et s’est terminée en 2014 (fig. 1). La réalisation du rapport final de cette opération est en cours mais une première synthèse peut déjà être proposée.

Continuer la lecture de Premiers résultats de la fouille programmée d’un nouvel édifice de prestige au château de Caen

Aude Painchault, Les châteaux normands dans l’œuvre d’Orderic Vital et leurs traces archéologiques

Aude Painchault, Les châteaux normands dans l’œuvre d’Orderic Vital et leurs traces archéologiques

Compte rendu de la soutenance de thèse par Micaël Allainguillaume,  Adrien Dubois et Jean-Baptiste Vincent

Le mardi 13 janvier 2015, à l’Université de Rouen, Aude Painchault a soutenu sa thèse de doctorat intitulée « Les châteaux normands dans l’œuvre d’Orderic Vital et leurs traces archéologiques », devant un jury composé de Gérard Giuliato, professeur d’histoire et d’archéologie médiévale, université de Lorraine, président du jury ; David Bates, professeur d’histoire médiévale, East Anglia University, rapporteur ; Philippe Racinet, professeur d’histoire et d’archéologie médiévale, université de Picardie, Jules Verne, rapporteur ; Véronique Gazeau, professeur d’histoire médiévale, université de Caen Basse-Normandie et Anne-Marie Flambard Héricher, professeur émérite d’histoire et d’archéologie médiévale, université de Rouen, directrice de la thèse.

Continuer la lecture de Aude Painchault, Les châteaux normands dans l’œuvre d’Orderic Vital et leurs traces archéologiques

Aude Painchault, Les châteaux normands dans l’oeuvre d’Orderic Vital et leurs traces archéologiques

Aude Painchault (université de Rouen), Les châteaux normands dans l’œuvre d’Orderic Vital et leurs traces archéologiques

Thèse de doctorat soutenue le mardi 13 janvier 2015 sous la direction d’Anne-Marie Flambard Héricher.

 Voir le compte rendu de la thèse

Levieux Lise, Espace réel, espace perçu à Rouen du Xe au XVe siècle : le rôle des communautés religieuses dans la fabrique de la ville médiévale

Levieux Lise,  Espace réel, espace perçu à Rouen du Xe au XVe siècle : le rôle des communautés religieuses dans la fabrique de la ville médiévale, (dir. E. Lalou, Université de Rouen).

En cours depuis 2013/In preparation since 2013

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[source : http://www.theses.fr/s107931]

Malbos Lucie, Les relations entre les emporia et leurs hinterlands en Europe du Nord-Ouest du VIIe au Xe siècle

Malbos Lucie, Les relations entre les emporia et leurs hinterlands en Europe du Nord-Ouest du VIIe au Xe siècle, thèse soutenue en 2015, (dir. R. le Jan, Université de Paris I).

Résumé/abstract :

Les emporia, sites commerciaux abritant des activités artisanales, apparaissent aux VIIe et VIIIe siècles sur les côtes des mers nordiques, alors que le centre de gravité économique glisse du pourtour méditerranéen vers le Nord, avec un passage à des échanges plus massifs et une recomposition des pouvoirs politiques. Ces lieux de rencontre (économique, politique, culturelle) sont des centres de consommation, de production, d’échange, de stockage et de transit. Ils jouent un rôle clé dans le système fiscal, mais sont des sites distincts des lieux de pouvoir. Leurs caractéristiques communes rendent possible une comparaison entre Birka, Kaupang, Hedeby et Ribe en Scandinavie, Hamwic en Angleterre, Dorestad et Quentovic au nord du royaume des Francs, en s’appuyant sur des sources à la fois écrites et archéologiques, dans le cadre d’une approche interdisciplinaire et sans nier la spécificité de chaque site. Il s’agit de revenir en particulier sur le rôle de l’autorité royale et des élites dans le développement de ces «nœuds». Face à la tendance traditionnelle à surestimer le rôle du commerce à longue-distance dans l’essor des emporia et à ne les considérer que pour eux-mêmes, la récente revalorisation des liens entre ces sites et leurs hinterlands (économiques et politiques) peut permettre d’esquisser des ensembles de relations sociales et un jeu variable d’échelles (entre insertion locale et intégration aux réseaux d’échanges à longue-distance), tout en s’interrogeant sur les liens entre les différents emporia. Centralité, marginalité, discontinuité, contact sont autant de notions essentielles pour appréhender les relations entre les emporia et leurs hinterlands. Dans ce réseau d’échanges croisés complémentaires qui se dessine au premier Moyen Âge autour de l’ensemble Manche – Mer du Nord – Baltique, espace de contact depuis la Préhistoire , les emporia, bien ancrés dans leur région, assument un rôle d’intermédiaires à diverses échelles.

 

The emporia are trading-stations with manufacturing activities: they appear in the 7th and 8th centuries on the North seas’ shores (North Sea, Baltic and Channel), when the economic axis moved from the Mediterranean Sea towards the North, the exchanges become more important and the political powers are remodeled. On the periphery of kingdoms constituting and in the centre of exchange networks, they are meeting places, with economic, political and cultural aspects and where Anglo-Saxon, Frankish, Frisian, Scandinavian and Slav traders mingle with each other. They are also consumption centres and producing sites where exchanges, storage and transit can take place. Thanks to their common characteristics we can try to compare the four Scandinavian sites (Birka, Kaupang, Hedeby, Ribe), Hamwic in southern England, Quentovic in the North of the Frankish kingdom and Dorestad in Frisia, in a context of political, economic and social changes during the 7th-9th centuries. To this end, this study rests on both written (charters, laws, annals, hagiographies…) and archaeological sources, in an interdisciplinary approach which will use archaeology, geography, anthropology. To study the relationships between the emporia and their hinterlands (both economic and political) we will wonder how they interact, as regards supply issues, coinage, importations and craft productions circulation. We will also examine the relationships between the emporia and various authorities, and elaborate on the fiscal, administrative, juridical and even religious functions of these trading ports. We aim to try to outline social networks, on different scales (between local insertion and integration in the long-distance trade networks), while examining the links between the different emporia, within exchange networks setting up on a northwestern Europe scale and perhaps even in a broader perspective.

[source : http://www.theses.fr/s89551]

Projet «Antiquités de la terre Novgorod: une base de données électronique de découvertes archéologiques»

Le projet «Antiquités de la terre Novgorod: une base de données électronique de découvertes archéologiques» vise à la création et au développement d’un outil de ressources sur les informations obtenues lors de fouilles archéologiques des monuments antiques et médiévaux de terre Novgorod. La base de données contient des images numériques des découvertes et l’information la plus complète sur tous les sujets, et plus particulièrement sur les fouilles de Staraya Russa (XIe-XVIe siècle) dont on trouvera les rapports de fouilles. Elle offre un accès distant pour les chercheurs.

Source et accès : http://www.novsu.ru/archeology

Chameroy Jérémie, Guihard Pierre-Marie (dir.), Circulations monétaires et réseaux d’échanges en Normandie

Chameroy Jérémie, Guihard Pierre-Marie (dir.), Circulations monétaires et réseaux d’échanges en Normandie et dans le Nord-Ouest européen (Antiquité-Moyen Âge), Turnhout, Brepols (Tables rondes du CRAHM, vol. 8), 2012, 294 p. ISBN: 978-2-84133-420-9

Compte rendu par/Review by : Nils Bock

Francia-Recensio

Date : 20 Mar 2014

Studien zum Münzverkehr müssen sich mit Fragen von Mengen, Bewegungen und der Zeit einer bestimmten Metallwährung auseinandersetzen: drei Parameter von hoher Komplexität. Hier bieten Datenbanksysteme die Möglichkeit, Daten zu erfassen, zu sammeln und darzustellen. Die in zwei Beiträgen präsente Datenbank »Nummus« in ihren Anwendungsmöglichkeiten vorzustellen, war vermutlich ein Grund, die dem vorliegenden Sammelband zugrundeliegende Table ronde am Centre Michel de Boüard (CRAHAM) der Universität Caen Basse-Normandie abzuhalten. Im Band versammelt sind Beiträge zur Normandie, den Britischen Inseln und Skandinavien, unter denen sich drei Artikel der vorrömischen Epoche, vier der römischen Antike und fünf dem Mittelalter widmen.

Continue la lecture →

Hicks Leonie V., Brenner Elma (dir.), Society and culture in medieval Rouen, 911-1300

Hicks Leonie V., Brenner Elma (dir.), Society and culture in medieval Rouen, 911-1300, Turnhout, Brepols (Studies in the Early Middle Ages, vol. 39), 2013, 400 p. ISBN: 978-2-503-53665-1

Compte rendu par/Review by : Karen Schousboe

Medieval Histories

Date : Feb 2014

To a large extent the city of Rouen represents an unknown quantity. Originally it was founded by an ancient tribe, the Veliocasses, and used to control the lower Seine Valley and the estuary. They called it Ratumacos. Later it was renamed by the Romans as Rotomagus. It still holds the foundations of an amphitheatre and Roman baths. In the 5th century it became the seat of a bishopric and later – in Merovingian Gall – it functioned as capital of Neustria. However, Vikings repeatedly sacked the city in the late 9th century; in the aftermath they finally took over and turned it into their main capital in what later became the Duchy of Normandy. Finally it reached its apogee in the 11th to 13th century, during which period the inner city and its suburbs exploded while its political and economic significance was unparalleled (it even out-distanced Paris).

Continue la lecture →

Compte rendu par/Review by : Benjamin Pohl

Reviews in History

Date : 13 Mar 2014

This volume of collected essays explores the social and cultural history of the city of Rouen between the ‘foundation’ of Normandy under Rollo in 911 and the end of the 13th century. As David Bates points out in the book’s preface, Rouen so far has not received the attention which scholars have readily paid to other great cities throughout the Anglo-Norman World – including several other cities in Normandy, such as Caen, Bayeux and Lisieux. Undoubtedly, therefore, the present volume represents a welcome addition to the already existing range of compendiums devoted to important places and institutions in medieval Europe, as it caters to a long-standing desideratum within contemporary Anglo-Norman scholarship.

Continue la lecture →

Compte rendu par/Review by : David S. Spear

The Medieval Review

Date : 27 Oct 2014

Rouen was, and remains, the largest city in Normandy. Until about 1200 it was larger than Paris. What weakened Rouen was, first, the foundation of Caen, and second, the rise of Paris. Caen had been founded by William the Conqueror as a new outpost of his ducal power in central Normandy (Rouen, by contrast, was too far east in the duchy). Caen never surpassed Rouen in terms of population, but it had a large ducal castle and two very prestigious ducal abbeys (St.-Etienne for men, and La Trinité for women). In the later Middle Ages Normandy’s first university was in Caen, not Rouen. The rise of Paris vis-à-vis Rouen came about when King John lost the province of Normandy to the King of France in 1204. After that date, Philip Augustus lavished numerous resources on urban renewal in Paris, and seems to have actively thwarted further growth in Rouen. Later in the Middle Ages, Rouen experienced periods of effervescence, but was condemned to be always in the shadow of Paris.

Continue la lecture →

Bates David, Liddiard Robert (dir.), East Anglia and its North Sea world in the Middle Ages

Bates David, Liddiard Robert (dir.), East Anglia and its North Sea world in the Middle Ages, Woodbridge, Boydell Press, 2013, XIV-349 p. ISBN: 9781843838463

Compte rendu par/Review by : Richard C. Hoffmann

The Medieval Review

Date : 17 Apr 2014

The common intent of this collection’s seventeen essays may seem straightforward enough: how did the medieval regional community of East Anglia, the easternmost projection of England, engage with its maritime frontiers? Or is it all that clear? A potentially fecund ambiguity surfaces when the preface announces that « this book sets out to discuss medieval East Anglia » (xiii), while co-editor Robert Liddiard’s introduction claims that « this collection… takes the North Sea during the Middle Ages as its central theme… » (3) So, land or sea? Just two paragraphs in Liddiard’s fifteen pages do actually discuss the sea; all else is devoted to medieval human connections across it. This is, to be sure, a fair representation of the book itself, where « the North Sea world » is no marine environment but a barren stage where only human actors and artifacts move.

Continue la lecture →

Bauduin Pierre, Musin Alexander (dir.), Vers l’Orient et vers l’Occident

Bauduin Pierre, Musin Alexander (dir.), Vers l’Orient et vers l’Occident. Regards croisés sur les dynamiques et les transferts culturels des Vikings à la Rous ancienne, Caen, Publications du CRAHAM, 2014, 500 p. ISBN: 9782841334995

Compte rendu par/Review by : Yann Coz

La Cliothèque

Date : 22 Nov 2014

Fruit d’un programme de collaboration entre universitaires français et russes, cet ouvrage vise à faire le point sur les recherches menées ces dernières décennies et sur les nouvelles interprétations du passé normand en Normandie et en Rous ancienne, avec en complément des aperçus sur les îles britanniques et sur le monde scandinave. Sans rentrer dans le détail des contributions (rédigées en français et anglais), majoritairement archéologiques, on mettra l’accent ici sur quelques lignes de force et sur la remise en cause de certitudes bien ancrées sur le mouvement de colonisation qui affecte diverses régions d’Europe entre le VIIIe et la première moitié du XIe siècle.

Continue la lecture →

Whitehouse Katherine, A study of the impact of Viking settlement on South Yorkshire

Whitehouse Katherine, The ‘Viking Gap’: a study of the impact of Viking settlement on the area now known as South Yorkshire, (University of Nottingham)

En cours depuis 2014/In preparation since 2014

Résumé/abstract :

My research is a multidisciplinary study into the impact of the Viking settlement on the areas around and between the city and towns of Sheffield, Barnsley, Doncaster and Rotherham. This area, previously part of the West Riding of Yorkshire, is now called South Yorkshire and many studies focus on its industrial history. In using historical, linguistic and archaeological sources I aim to bring out a rounded history of the area in the Viking Age. The area sits between several areas of Viking settlement (York and the Five Boroughs) and in completing my research I hope to fill in the ‘Viking Gap’ in our knowledge.

[Source : http://www.nottingham.ac.uk/research/groups/csva/research/doctoral-research.aspx]

Fontaine Janel M., Slave raiding and the slave trade in Britain and Ireland and the Slavic lands

Fontaine Janel M., Slave raiding and the slave trade in Britain and Ireland and the Slavic lands, 7th-11th centuries, (dir. A. Rio, King’s College London)

En cours depuis 2014/In preparation since 2014

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.history.ac.uk/history-online/theses/thesis/in-progress/slave-raiding-and-slave-trade-britain-and-ireland-and-slavic-lands-7th]