Archives de catégorie : Royaumes et principautés / Kingdoms and principalities

Veninger Jacqueline, Archaeological landscapes of conflict in twelfth-century Gwynedd

Veninger Jacqueline, Archaeological landscapes of conflict in twelfth-century Gwynedd, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (University of Exeter)

Continuer la lecture de Veninger Jacqueline, Archaeological landscapes of conflict in twelfth-century Gwynedd

McGuigan Neil, Neither Scotland nor England : Middle Britain, c.850-1150

McGuigan Neil, Neither Scotland nor England : Middle Britain, c.850-1150, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (University of St Andrews)

Continuer la lecture de McGuigan Neil, Neither Scotland nor England : Middle Britain, c.850-1150

Paquet Fabien, Abbés et pouvoirs en Normandie (début du XIIIème siècle – milieu du XVème siècle)

Paquet Fabien, Abbés et pouvoirs en Normandie (début du XIIIème siècle – milieu du XVème siècle), (dir. V. Gazeau, université de Caen Normandie)

En cours depuis 2015/In preparation since 2015

Résumé/Abstract :

En 1204, la Normandie est rattachée par Philippe Auguste (1190-1223) au domaine royal capétien, c’est-à-dire aux espaces du royaume de France dont le roi est le souverain direct, car, depuis 911, la Normandie était bien dans les frontières du royaume. Pendant trois siècles, la Normandie a joui d’une autonomie qui touchait, il est vrai, à l’indépendance car elle était une pièce centrale dans l’empire anglo-normand. Cette situation a attiré l’œil des historiens depuis longtemps : il peut sembler plus glorieux de faire l’histoire d’une principauté indépendante ! Or, la Normandie d’après 1204 mérite au moins autant notre attention car elle pose deux questions centrales qui n’ont que peu été traitées par les historiens sur le long terme : comment intégrer au domaine royal une principauté aussi puissante en 1204 ? Comment les Normands gèrent-ils le changement de maître et ses conséquences ? C’est que la Normandie des XIIIe-XVe siècles offre la possibilité d’une étude d’histoire à la fois nationale et régionale : une étude de la place que les Normands se construisent, ou que l’on construit pour eux, dans le cadre d’un État capétien qui s’affirme de plus en plus jusqu’à la fin de la guerre de Cent Ans. Le clergé normand du Moyen Âge, pour sa part, a toujours attiré l’œil des historiens : c’est que la région a vu se développer quelques (très) grandes abbayes médiévales (Le Mont Saint-Michel, Le Bec, Jumièges, Savigny, Fécamp, etc.) qui sont devenues de véritables lieux de pouvoir. Mais les études concernant les abbayes prennent trop rarement en charge l’ensemble du clergé et, souvent, elles s’arrêtent en 1204. Entre 1204 et la guerre de Cent Ans, alors que les abbayes bénédictines et cisterciennes conservent un rôle central dans la vie de la principauté, monastères et abbés tombent dans un trou noir historiographique ; et la guerre de Cent Ans n’a permis de ne les en sortir que sous l’angle des dommages subis ou presque, sans s’intéresser au vécu de la guerre et aux conséquences dans les monastères, alors que les sources trahissent bien des évolutions. Une prosopographie fomera le corps de la thèse et permettra notamment d’étudier la politique royale de Philippe Auguste et ses successeurs jusqu’au XVe siècle ; la politiques des abbés lors des changements de pouvoir ; les conséquences de l’annexion sur l’organisation des abbayes ; les structures de l’Église normande ; les différences en fonction des espaces ; la question des identités normandes, françaises et anglaises dans le cadre de la naissance d’une province.

[Source : http://www.unicaen.fr/crahm/spip.php?article1004]

Connors Owain James, The Effects of Anglo-Norman Lordship upon the Landscape of Post-Conquest Monmouthshire

Connors Owain James, The Effects of Anglo-Norman Lordship upon the Landscape of Post-Conquest Monmouthshire, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2013, (dir. S. Rippon, O. Creighton)

Résumé/abstract :

This thesis examines the effects the imposition of Anglo-Norman lordship, following the Anglo-Norman expansion into Wales in the eleventh and twelfth centuries, had upon the landscape of the Welsh border region. In order to achieve this aim this project makes extensive use of digital Geographical Information Systems (GIS) in order to produce a detailed county-wide study of the landscape of post-Conquest Monmouthshire as well as comprehensive case studies of individual Anglo-Norman lordships contained within the boundaries of the county. This thesis also aims to locate its findings within important current debates in historic archaeology about the effects of medieval lordship upon the landscape, on the roles of the physical environment and human agency in the forming of the historic landscape, on the wider role of castles as lordship centres, beyond simple military functionality.

[Source : https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/handle/10871/14641]

Raich Susan, The sea in the Anglo-Norman realm, c.1050-1189

Raich Susan, The sea in the Anglo-Norman realm, c.1050-1189, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. E. van Houts, University of Cambridge)

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.hist.cam.ac.uk/directory/sar70@cam.ac.uk]

Stevenson John, The Plantagenet administration of Normandy, 1144-1204

Stevenson John, The Plantagenet administration of Normandy, 1144-1204, (dir. D. Power, Swansea University)

En cours depuis 2013/In preparation since 2013

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.history.ac.uk/history-online/theses/thesis/in-progress/plantagenet-administration-normandy-1144-1204]

Mead Emily, Power, patronage and underage rule in Norman Sicily

Mead Emily, Power, patronage and underage rule in Norman Sicily, (dir. A. Metcalfe, Lancaster University)

En cours depuis 2010/In preparation since 2010

Résumé/abstract :

This thesis centres on the regency of Countess Adelaide in post conquest Sicily and Calabria (1101-1113). It asks how regency governance was perceived, presented and worked in practise. Fundamentally, it answers the question of just how much this period should simply be painted as one of continuity from the rule of Roger I. In doing so, it exploits Greek and Latin charter material, as well as Latin narratives. Such independent study of Adelaide is essential, prior to further comparative work, owing to the infant political and social climate of Sicily and Calabria in these years.

[Source : http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/history/profiles/emily-mead]

McNair Fraser, The development of territorial principalities between the Loire and the Scheldt, 893-996

McNair Fraser, The development of territorial principalities between the Loire and the Scheldt, 893-996, (dir. R. McKitterick, University of Cambridge)

En cours depuis 2012/In preparation since 2012

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.hist.cam.ac.uk/directory/fam38@cam.ac.uk]

Davies Kerrith, Frontiers in context: the Norman-Breton border

Davies Kerrith, Frontiers in context: the varied impact of the Norman-Breton border on the development of post-conquest England and Normandy, (dir. George Garnett, University of Oxford)

En cours depuis 2012/In preparation since 2012

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.history.ac.uk/history-online/theses/thesis/in-progress/frontiers-context-varied-impact-norman-breton-border-development-post]

Long Ann-Marie, The relationship between Iceland and Norway, c.870-1100

Long Ann-Marie, The relationship between Iceland and Norway, c.870-1100, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. E. Johnston, University College Dublin)

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

Mendez Gonzalez Olga, Anglo-Iberian relations 1150-1280: a diplomatic history

Mendez Gonzalez Olga, Anglo-Iberian relations 1150-1280: a diplomatic history, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2013, (dir. N. Vincent, University of East Anglia)

Résumé/abstract :

This thesis examines the political relations between England and the Iberian Peninsula, from the accession of Henry II of England to the death of Alfonso X of León-Castile, an episode in diplomatic history that remains largely unexplored. This period, spanning over a century and a half, was punctuated by a series of key political events. The study of these sheds light upon the diplomatic complexities of the period. Chapter One explores the historiography and the particularities of Spanish documentary sources. Chapter Two analyses the use of the word Hispania in thirteenth-century chronicles and charters, in an attempt to discover how the term was used and to whom it referred. Chapters Three examines the close relations between the crown of Aragón and the vicomté of Béarn in the twelfth century, while the following chapter looks at the unification of Catalonia and Aragón and the implications of the marriage between Eleanor of England and Alfonso VIII of Castile. Chapter Five explores the impact of Richard I and John’s alliances with Navarre. As León-Castile consolidated its power in the Peninsula, there was a shift of alliances, reflected on Anglo-Iberian relations. Chapter Six explores the particular circumstances that brought about the treaty of 1254 between Henry III of England and Alfonso X of Castile. No study of the political relations of the period would be complete without examination of the impact of the imperial controversy and interregnum upon relations between Henry III of England (the brother of a claimant) and Alfonso X of Castile (a claimant in his own right). Finally, Chapter Eight studies the failed marriage of the infante Sancho of Castile and Gilhelme (Willemina), the younger daughter of the vicomte of Béarn, Gaston VII. This involved negotiations between Edward I of England, Philip III of France and Alfonso X of Castile.

[Source: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/48682/]

Cartwright Charlotte, Matilda of Flanders in Normandy: a study of eleventh century female power

Cartwright Charlotte, Matilda of Flanders in Normandy: a study of eleventh century female power, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2012, (dir. P. Stafford, University of Liverpool)

Résumé/abstract :

Matilda of Flanders was the wife of William II, count/duke of Normandy and, from 1066, king of the English. This thesis is a study of her, and specifically of her power and authority, with a focus on her activity in Normandy rather than in England. This work builds on the existing historiography to examine Matilda in Normandy as a countess, and in comparison as a queen after 1066. The focus throughout is on contemporary sources, especially the writings of Dudo of Saint Quentin, William of Jumièges, William of Poitiers, and the more than five hundred surviving Norman and Anglo-Norman charters from the period 996-1086. The issue of legitimate marriage, which made a woman a wife and gave her access to power and authority through her family role, was critical, and Matilda’s marriage can be established as legitimate and secure. The bulk of this thesis considers the activity of the comital/ducal women recorded within the Norman charters, focusing on the actions which reveal power, and the descriptions which suggest the way in which they, and their authority, were perceived. Throughout, Matilda is compared with her predecessors, but also with contemporary men, especially the male members of the family. Close study of the source material reveals a Norman court in the tenth and eleventh century where family women, especially the legitimate wives of the count/dukes, were important actors. Matilda, however, was distinct from her predecessors: her power and authority greater than theirs. During her lifetime, there are hints at the development of an office of countess, and she appears to have acted as both a regent and a deputy in Normandy after the Conquest of England. Her activity as a queen, and the comparison with her as a countess, sheds light on both roles, suggesting that countesses could exercise a quasi queenly power, but also that coronation and inauguration set queens apart. However, even after Matilda’s coronation, the role of ‘wife’ was still important, as was family power.

[Source : http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.569147]

Dutton Kathryn, Geoffrey, count of Anjou and duke of Normandy, 1129-51

Dutton Kathryn, Geoffrey, count of Anjou and duke of Normandy, 1129-51, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2011, (dir. S. Marritt, University of Glasgow)

Résumé/abstract :

Count Geoffrey V of Anjou (1129-51) features in Anglo-French historiography as a peripheral figure in the Anglo-Norman succession crisis which followed the death of his father-in-law, Henry I of England and Normandy (1100-35). The few studies which examine him directly do so primarily in this context, dealing briefly with his conquest and short reign as duke of Normandy (1144-50), with reference to a limited range of evidence, primarily Anglo-Norman chronicles. There has never been a comprehensive analysis of Geoffrey’s comital reign, nor a narrative of his entire career, despite an awareness of his importance as a powerful territorial prince and important political player. This thesis establishes a complete narrative framework for Geoffrey’s life and career, and examines the key aspects of his comital and ducal reigns. It compiles and employs a body of 180 acta relating to his Angevin and Norman administrations to do so, alongside narrative evidence from Greater Anjou, Normandy, England and elsewhere. It argues that rule of Greater Anjou prior to 1150 had more in common with neighbouring principalities such as Brittany, whose rulers had emerged in the tenth and eleventh centuries as primus inter pares, than with Normandy, where ducal powers over the native aristocracy were more wide-ranging, or royal government in England. It explores the count’s territories, the personnel of government, the dispensation of justice, revenue collection, the comital army, and Geoffrey’s ability to carry out ‘traditional’ princely duties such as religious patronage in the context of Angevin elite landed society’s virtual autonomy and tendency to rebel in the first half of the twelfth century. The character of Geoffrey’s power and authority was fundamentally shaped by the region’s tenurial and seigneurial history, and could only be conducted within that framework. This study also addresses Geoffrey’s activities as first conqueror then ruler of Normandy. The process by which the duchy was conquered is shown to be more intricate than the chroniclers’ accounts of Angevin siege warfare suggest, and the ducal reign more complex than merely a regency until Geoffrey’s son, the future Henry II (1150-89), came of age. Through use of a much wider body of evidence than previously considered in connection with Geoffrey’s career, and a charter-based methodology, this thesis provides a new and appropriate treatment of an important non-royal ruler. It situates Geoffrey in his proper context and provides an account of not only how he was presented by commentators who were sometimes geographically and temporally remote, but by his own administration and those over whom he ruled. It provides an in-depth analysis of the explicit and implicit characteristics of princely rulership, and how they were won, maintained and exploited in two different contexts.

[Source : http://theses.gla.ac.uk/3052/]

Purkiss Richard, Royal lordship and regional government: East Anglia, c.869-1086

Purkiss Richard, Royal lordship and regional government: East Anglia, c.869-1086, (dir. S. Foot, University of Oxford)

En cours depuis 2014/In preparation since 2014

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.ohgn.org/student?sso=MAGD3099]

Gooch Megan Laura, Money and power in the Viking Kingdom of York, c.895–954

Gooch Megan Laura, Money and power in the Viking Kingdom of York, c.895–954, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2011, (dir. D. W. Rollason, B. Dodds, Université de Durham)

Résumé/abstract :
The aim of this thesis is to use numismatic evidence to help understand the political aims and achievements of the Viking kings of York, c.895-954. A variety of numismatic techniques will be used and tested for their suitability as a means of historical enquiry. Due to the limitations of the documentary sources for this period, coins will be used to provide an insight into the political workings of this kingdom. Firstly, the iconography and epigraphy of coins made in Viking York will be used to investigate how the Viking kings attempted to legitimise their rule. Secondly, it will be asked whether these coins were produced in sufficient quantity to form a usable currency and how the volumes of these currencies compare with other contemporary coinages, such as those issued by the Anglo-Saxons. Thirdly, to understand where the Vikings ruled and how effectively they could impose coin-use upon their kingdom, the economic influence of the Viking Kingdom of York will be examined by studying the distribution of the coins which were made both in York, and in other kingdoms. Finally, the ways in which coins and other forms of money, such as hacksilver, were used within and between Viking kingdoms will be examined to understand how effectively the Viking kings ruled their economy. It is hoped that this will reveal and refine existing knowledge about the ways in which the kings of York gained and maintained political power in York for much of the tenth century.