Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog [Dictionary of old norse prose]

Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog [Dictionary of old norse prose]

Établissement principal/Main institution : University of CopenhagenDescription :

In 1939 the dictionary project was incorporated in the Danish state budget in the form of an annual subvention to Den Arnamagnæanske Kommission, “The Arnamagnæan Commission”, which was responsible for the administration and publication of the completed work. The Arnamagnæan Commission is named after the Icelandic scholar Árni Magnússon (1663-1730), professor at the University of Copenhagen, who built up a large collection of Icelandic manuscripts, which he bequeathed to the university together with his books and the rest of his estate. During approximately the first 40 years, the project’s limited staff was principally engaged in an excerpting of the corpus with a view to replacing the two major previous dictionaries from the nineteenth century, Johan Fritzner, Ordbog over Det gamle norske Sprog (Kristiania, 1886-1896) and Richard Cleasby & Gudbrand Vigfusson, An Icelandic-English Dictionary (Oxford, 1874, 2. rev. ed. 1957). The excerpting was selective. Each text was read by two editors who marked the items for which slips were subsequently written out by assistants.

In 1983 a prospectus was published and this was followed in 1989 by the volume of indices, which with its survey of the dictionary’s corpus also forms an independent handbook to the study of Old Norse: Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog: Registre (A Dictionary of Old Norse Prose: Indices) Copenhagen, 1989. The first volume of the dictionary proper appeared in 1995: Ordbog over det norrøne prosasprog 1: a – bam (A Dictionary of Old Norse Prose 1: a – bam) Copenhagen, 1995, the second, ban – da in 2000 and the third, de – em in 2004.

In 2005 the Arnamagnæan Commission took a new decision concerning ONP’s lexicographical activities. Thanks to a generous extra grant from the Danish Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, three years were spent making all of the unedited dictionary citations available on the Internet. These slips, often in photographic form, are linked to images of the printed page from which each citation was excerpted, thus providing a broader context than the slip itself offers. The fruits of this project are what you now find via the Wordlist.

In the course of preparing materials for publication, a number of useful Indexes were formed and incorporated in their first version in the volume of indexes referred to above.

As a second phase of this digitalisation project, planned to last six years, a limited section of the vocabulary has been selected for draft-editing. The choice has fallen on simplex nouns.These are edited in temporary form by one editor alone, and only in one metalanguage (either Danish or English), to be posted on the web for comment and criticism. Other word classes, as yet only verbs and prepositions, are structured formally with a minimum of explanation. The results can be seen in New articles, updates, etc.

In January 2010 the management of ONP was taken over by Nordisk Forskningsinstitut/Department of Scandinavian Research, so the dictionary project is now integrated with the Faculty of Humanities at the University of Copenhagen.

[Lien/Link : http://onp.ku.dk/]

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