Archives de catégorie : Publications

Narrazione, exempla, retorica

Narrazione, exempla, retorica. Studi sull’iconografia dei soffitti dipinti nel Medioevo Mediterraneo, éd. Licia Buttà, Caracol, Palermo, 2013.

 

Lien/Link http://www.academia.edu/4816491/NARRAZIONE_EXEMPLA_RETORICA_Studi_sulliconografia_dei_soffitti_dipinti_nel_Medioevo_Mediterraneo_a_cura_di_Licia_Butt%C3%A0

Norman Tradition and Transcultural Heritage

Norman Tradition and Transcultural Heritage: Exchange of Cultures in the ‘Norman’ Peripheries of Medieval Europe, éd. Thomas Foerster, Stefan Burkhardt, Ashgate 2013.

 

Résumé/abstract :

The Normans have long been recognised as one of the most dynamic forces within medieval western Europe. With a reputation for aggression and conquest, they rapidly expanded their powerbase from Normandy, and by the end of the twelfth century had established themselves in positions of strength from England to Sicily, Antioch to Dublin. Yet, despite this success recent scholarship has begun to question the ‘Norman Achievement’ and look again at the degree to which a single Norman cultural identity existed across so diverse a territory. To explore this idea further, all the essays in this volume look at questions of Norman traditions in some of the peripheral Norman dominions. In response to recent developments in cultural studies the volume uses the concepts of ‘tradition’ and ‘heritage’ to question the notion of a stable pan-European Norman culture or identity, and instead reveals the degrees to which Normans adopted and adapted to local conditions, customs and requirements in order to form their own localised cultural heritage. Divided into two sections, the volume begins with eight chapters focusing on Norman Sicily. These essays demonstrate both the degree of cultural intermingling that made this kingdom an extraordinary paradigm in this regard, and how the Normans began to develop their own distinct origin myths that diverged from those of Norman France and England. The second section of the volume provides four essays that explore Norman ethnicity and identity more broadly, including two looking at Norman communities on the opposite side of Europe to the Kingdom of Sicily: Ireland and the Scandinavian settlements in the Kievan Rus. Taken as a whole the volume provides a fascinating assessment of the construction and malleability of Norman identities in transcultural settings. By exploring these issues through the tradition and heritage of the Norman’s ‘peripheral’ dominions, a much more sophisticated understanding can be gained, not only of the Normans but of the wider cultural forces at work with the medieval west.

 

Lien/Link https://www.routledge.com/products/9781409463306

Eleni Tounta, Medieval Mirrors of Power

Eleni Tounta, Medieval Mirrors of Power. Historians and Narratives in Norman Italian South [Μεσαιωνικά κάτοπτρα εξουσίας. Ιστορικοί και αφηγήματα στο Νορμανδικό Ιταλικό Νότο], Athens 2012.

Paul Hill, The Norman Commanders

Paul Hill, The Norman Commanders: Masters of Warfare 911-1135, Pen and Sword 2015.

Résumé/abstract :

Robert Guiscard, William the Conqueror, Roger I of Sicily and Bohemond Prince of Antioch are just four of the exceptional Norman commanders who not only led their armies to victory in battle but also, through military force, created their own kingdoms in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Their single-minded and aggressive leadership, and the organization, discipline and fighting qualities of their armies, marked them out from their Viking forebears and from many of the armed forces that stood against them. Their brilliant careers, and those of Robert Curthose, William Rufus, Richard I of Capua and Henry I of England, are the subject of Paul Hill’s latest study of medieval warfare.

In a narrative packed with detail and insight, and with a wide-ranging understanding of the fighting methods and military ethos of the period, he traces the course of their conquests, focusing on them as individual commanders and on their achievements on the battlefield. The military context of their campaigns, and the conditions of warfare in France and England, in southern Italy and Sicily, and in the Near East, are vividly described, as are their decisive operations and sieges – among them Hastings, Brémule, Tinchebrai, Civitate, Misilmeri, Dyrrhachium and the Siege of Antioch.

There is no doubt that the Normans’ success in war depended upon the leadership qualities and military capabilities of the commanders as well as the special strengths of the armies they led. Paul Hill’s accessible and authoritative account offers a fascinating portrait of these masters of warfare.

 

Lien/Link http://www.pen-and-sword.co.uk/The-Norman-Commanders-Hardback/p/10745

Les croisades en Orient. Histoire, mémoires / Crusades in the East. History, memories

Les croisades en Orient. Histoire, mémoires
Crusades in the East. History, memories
Le Crociate in Oriente. Storia, memorie

Abbès Zouache

CNRS, CIHAM-UMR 5648, université de Lyon

ab1zouache@yahoo.fr

Article dans Tabularia :
http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=dossier13&file=04zouache.xml

Résumé :
Cet article se penche sur la façon dont le phénomène croisade fut perçu, en Orient, et sur les traces qu’il y laissa dans la conscience collective. Au cours du XIIe siècle, la croisade fut progressivement comprise dans sa singularité. Mais elle fut aussi interprétée comme un épisode de l’affrontement séculaire entre l’islam et la chrétienté. Une mémoire de la croisade se diffusa, qui mêlait sentiment d’agression et fierté d’y avoir résisté grâce à un recentrage sur la piété et le djihad, et au respect du pouvoir établi. Après la fin des États latins d’Orient, cette mémoire s’enrichit d’autres épisodes de la lutte entre les chrétiens et les musulmans. À l’époque ottomane, elle resurgit avec force chaque fois que les tensions entre des musulmans et des Européens furent vives.

Mots-clés : croisades, Proche-Orient, histoire, mémoires, djihad

Abstract:
This paper aims at studying how the Crusade phenomenon was seen in the East, and its mark on the collective memory. During the twelfth century, the Crusades were gradually understood in its singular way. But it was also considered as an episode of an old confrontation between Islam and Christendom. A memory of the Crusades spread. This memory was mixed with a feeling of aggression and the pride of having resisted through a refocusing on piety and djihad, and through the respect for the established power. After the end of the Crusader states, this memory was enriched with other episodes of the struggle between the Christians and the Muslims. During the Ottoman period, this memory was revived each time the tensions between the Muslims and the Europeans were strong.

Keywords: crusades, Near East, history, memory, djihad

Riassunto :
Questo articolo prende in esame il modo in cui in Oriente il fenomeno crociato fu percepito, e le tracce che ha lasciato nella coscienza collettiva. Durante il sec. XII, la Crociata fu progressivamente compresa nella sua singolarità. Ma essa fu interpretata anche come un episodio dello scontro secolare tra l’Islam e la Cristianità. Si diffuse così una memoria della Crociata che mescolava sentimenti di ostilità e la fierezza di avervi rinunziato grazie a un ritorno alla pietà e alla jihad, e al rispetto del potere stabilito. Dopo la fine degli Stati latini d’Oriente, questa memoria si arricchisce di ulteriori episodi della lotta tra musulmani e cristiani. In epoca poi ottomana, essa torna con forza tutte le volte che si inasprivano le tensioni tra musulmani ed Europei.

Parole chiave : crociate, Medio Oriente, storia, memorie, jihad

Le problème du Pseudo-Hugo : qui a écrit l’Histoire de Hugues Falcand ? / The problem of Pseudo-Hugo: Who wrote the History of Hugo Falcandus? / Il problema del Pseudo Ugo : Chi ha scritto la storia di Ugo Falcando ?

Le problème du Pseudo-Hugo : qui a écrit l’Histoire de Hugues Falcand ?
Graham A. LOUD,  Université de Leeds

Lire l’article dans Tabularia / Reed the article in Tabularia

Résumé :
Au cours des dernières années, plusieurs individus, tous du nord de la France, ont été proposés comme auteurs possibles pour le Liber de Regno Sicilie, généralement attribué au soi-disant « Hugo Falcandus ». Cet article évalue de façon critique les indices qui argumentent cette théorie, réexamine le texte lui-même, ainsi que la « Lettre à Pierre », qui est presque certainement écrite par le même auteur, afin de voir les indications qui peuvent être trouvées sur l’auteur. Bien que les preuves soient contradictoires, l’un dans l’autre, il semble plus probable qu’Hugo Falcandus, quelle qu’ait été son identité, était originaire duregnum plutôt que de l’Europe du Nord.

Mots-clés : Sicile, Hugues Falcand, écriture de l’histoire médiévale, renaissance du XIIe siècle, Étienne du Perche, Pierre de Blois, Guillaume de Blois, abbaye de Saint-Denis

The problem of Pseudo-Hugo: Who wrote the History of Hugo Falcandus?
Abstract: In recent years several candidates, all from northern France, have been suggested as possible authors for the Liber de Regno Sicilie commonly ascribed to the so-called “Hugo Falcandus”. This article critically assesses the evidence for these theories, and re-examines the text itself, and the “Letter to Peter”, which is almost certainly by the same author, to see what indications of authorship can be found therein. While the evidence is contradictory, on balance it appears more probable that “Hugo Falcandus”, whoever he may have been, was a native of the regno rather than someone from northern Europe.

Keywords: Sicily, Hugo Falcandus, medieval historical writing, twelfth-century renaissance, Stephen of Perche, Peter of Blois, William of Blois, Abbey of Saint-Denis

Il problema del Pseudo Ugo : Chi ha scritto la storia di Ugo Falcando ?
Riassunto : 
Nel corso degli ultimi anni sono diversi i personaggi, tutti provenienti dal nord della Francia, che sono stati proposti come possibili autori del Liber de regno Sicilie, generalmente attribuito al cosiddetto « Ugo Falcando ». Questo articolo esamina criticamente le prove che sostengono questa teoria, e scendendo in un esame stretto dei testi, compresa la « Lettera a Pietro », opera certamente dello stesso autore del Liber, prova a mettere insieme nuovi elementi per l’individuazione dell’autore. Ed anche se le prove che emergono sono a tratti contraddittorie, sembra molto più probabile che il cosiddetto Ugo Falcando sia da individuare in un native del regno, piuttosto che in un personaggio proveniente dal nord della Francia, qualunque fosse la sua identita.

Parole chiave : Sicilia, Ugo Falcando, scrittura della storia medievale, il rinascimento del XII secolo, Stefano del Perche, Pietro di Blois, Guglielmo di Blois, abbazia di Saint-Denis

Pierre Bauduin et Marie-Agnès Lucas-Avenel (éd.). L’Historiographie médiévale normande et ses sources antiques (Xe-XIIe siècle)

Bauduin, Pierre and Marie-Agnès Lucas-Avenel, eds. L’Historiographie médiévale normande et ses sources antiques (Xe-XIIe siècle): Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle et du Scriptorial d’Avranches (8-11 octobre 2009). Caen: Presses universitaires de Caen, 2014. pp. 380. €30.00 (hardback). ISBN: 978-2-84133-485-8 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Emily Winkler, University College London
In The Medieval Review

Norman historiographers of the tenth, eleventh, and twelfth centuries, as the collected essays of the volume together assert, belong unequivocally to the tradition of western historical writing. We may likewise say that the historians who edited and authored the essays in this volume have produced a contribution to scholarship which belongs perfectly to the modern discourse on medieval historical writing in the central Middle Ages.

Continuer la lecture de Pierre Bauduin et Marie-Agnès Lucas-Avenel (éd.). L’Historiographie médiévale normande et ses sources antiques (Xe-XIIe siècle)

Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200

Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. pp. xvi, 310. $99.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9781107000285 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Valerie Ramseyer, Wellesley College
In The Medieval Review

Paul Oldfield’s book provides a comprehensive overview of the hagiographical sources related to southern Italy and Sicily from 1000 to 1200, as well as a detailed outline of the main features of sanctity and pilgrimage in the region. Drawing on a large body of primary and secondary sources, the author traces some of the important changes that occurred in the region with the arrival of the Normans, the development of papal and local programs of church reform, and the establishment of the crusader states in the Holy Land. One of the author’s main theses is that newly emerging political powers in the region, including Norman rulers, reform bishops and abbots, and urban communities, used cults of saints as a means to promote and legitimize their power. Continuer la lecture de Oldfield, Paul. Sanctity and Pilgrimage in Medieval Southern Italy, 1000-1200

McLeod, Shane. The Beginning of Scandinavian Settlement in England. The Viking ‘Great Army’ and Early Settlers, c. 865-90

McLeod, Shane. The Beginning of Scandinavian Settlement in England. The Viking ‘Great Army’ and Early Settlers, c. 865-900

Turnhout: Brepols, 2014. Pp. xv, 319, 8 figures, 6 maps, 3 tables. EUR 80.00.  ISBN: 978-2-503-54556-1.

  Reviewed by P. Holm, Trinity College Dublin

  In The Medieval review

Historians, archaeologists, and philologists have debated the character and extent of Scandinavian settlement like hardly any other phenomenon in Anglo-Saxon England, and more than seventy years after the publication of F.M. Stenton’s ground-breaking Anglo-Saxon England (Oxford, 1943) agreement on the main issues seems far away. McLeod therefore does all parties a great service by assembling and reviewing a good deal of the pieces that make up the puzzle. He boldly imagines some new pieces to make a full picture emerge. Many readers will value McLeod’s book for its up-to-date review, while the model suggested may encourage further research. Continuer la lecture de McLeod, Shane. The Beginning of Scandinavian Settlement in England. The Viking ‘Great Army’ and Early Settlers, c. 865-90

Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement

Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. pp. 335. $55.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9780199669783 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Craig M. Nakashian, Texas A&M University-Texarkana
In The Medieval Review :
http://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/tmr/article/view/19270/25398

Sally Harvey–noted scholar of the Domesday Book and the Norman Conquest–synthesizes a wide array of thematic approaches to the Domesday survey and produces a volume of singular value and scope. Known to legions of scholars and students of the Middle Ages, the Domesday Book would not seem to be on the surface a topic in need of a new treatment. However, Harvey’s book both complements and corrects existing historiography in such a way as to be at once familiarly accessible to scholars as well as refreshing and innovative.

Continuer la lecture de Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement

Viking Archaeology in Iceland: Mosfell Archaeological Project

Zori, Davide and Jesse Byock. Viking Archaeology in Iceland: Mosfell Archaeological Project. Cursor Mundi, 20. Turnhout: Brepols, 2014. Pp. xxvi, 256. $156.00 (paperback). 9782503544007 (paperback).

Reviewed by: Neil Price (University of Uppsala)

In The Medieval Review : https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/2022/20057/15.06.08.html?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

This book represents the full publication of a remarkable archaeological excavation project, conducted over multiple seasons in the Mosfell Valley and its central church and farm at Hrísbrú, a spectacular landscape environment not far from Reykjavík in south-western Iceland. Mosfell is well-known from the medieval saga literature, Iceland’s great national literary tradition, and is described in the anonymous saga of Egill Skalla-Grímsson as the location of the hero’s home. Egill is one of the most spectacular figures of the Viking period, even by the standards of a dramatic age, a quintessential warrior-poet, sorcerer and worshipper of the war-god Odin. While the veracity of the saga has long been open to question, the print-the-Legend story has a power all its own. Many Icelanders today are blood relatives of the man himself, and it is fair to say that any archaeological investigation of the reality behind the myth is a subject of national concern in this North Atlantic country of just over 300,000 people.

Continuer la lecture de Viking Archaeology in Iceland: Mosfell Archaeological Project

L’historiographie des actes de la pratique : l’écriture de la conquête normande dans les actes de Sicile et de Calabre du milieu du XIe siècle au début du XIIIe siècle

L’historiographie des actes de la pratique : l’écriture de la conquête normande dans les actes de Sicile et de Calabre du milieu du XIe siècle au début du XIIIe siècle

The historiography of charters in practice: writing about the Norman Conquest in the charters of Sicily and Calabria from the mid-11th century to the early 13th century

Annick PETERS-CUSTOT
CRHIA (EA 1163), université de Nantes

http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=dossier13&file=02peters-custot.xml

Résumé :
L’objet de cette étude est d’examiner si la documentation d’archive d’époque médiévale a pu être considérée aussi comme un espace d’écriture historiographique, en prenant pour exemple la conquête normande de l’Italie méridionale et de la Sicile. On a cherché à repérer les éventuelles traces d’une mémorisation ou commémoration de la conquête normande au sein des actes émis dans les territoires administrés par les Hauteville. De fait, les occurrences sont rares : les conquérants Hauteville ne mentionnent pas ces événements dans leurs actes, et leurs descendants, dont la domination repose sur la réussite de cette conquête, ne sont pas plus bavards. Les seuls cas d’écriture historiographique sont des réécritures, c’est-à-dire le produit de manipulations documentaires – falsifications et interpolations – relatives à des actes du Grand Comte Roger Ier, et qui ne sont pas, dans la plupart des cas, commanditées par les souverains eux-mêmes, mais sont produites dans les institutions monastiques dépositaires de ces documents. Cette réécriture historique se concentre sur une vision de la conquête de la Sicile comme expédition religieuse déclenchée pour libérer l’île de la domination islamique, une vision qui ne correspond guère à l’idéologie des Hauteville, mais qui a pu être influencée par le mouvement contemporain des croisades.

Mots-clés : conquête normande, royaume de Sicile, historiographie, chartes, idéologie royale des Hauteville

Continuer la lecture de L’historiographie des actes de la pratique : l’écriture de la conquête normande dans les actes de Sicile et de Calabre du milieu du XIe siècle au début du XIIIe siècle

Winroth, Anders. The Age of the Vikings

Winroth, Anders. The Age of the Vikings.

Princeton: Princeton

University Press, 2014. Pp. 304.
$29.95. ISBN: 978-0-691-14985-1.

   Reviewed by Michael H. Gelting in The Medieval Review

        Danish National Archives/University of Aberdeen

        mhg@sa.dk

Having made his mark initially as an historian of medieval canon law with his book The Making of Gratian’s Decretum (Cambridge, 2007), theSwedish-born Yale professor of history Anders Winroth appears by now to have turned definitely to the history of the « vikings. » Following hard upon hisThe Conversion of Scandinavia (New Haven, 2012), the present bookaims to present a broader view of the development of Nordic societies withinthe traditional chronological framework assigned to the Viking Age, from theNorse raid on Lindisfarne in 793 to the defeat and death of the Norwegianking Harald « Hardruler » at Stamford Bridge in 1066. Like its predecessor, it is written in a lively and very readable style, evidently aimed at a wider readership than medieval scholars, even though it is fairly copiously annotated.

Continuer la lecture de Winroth, Anders. The Age of the Vikings

Dire la conquête et la souveraineté des Hauteville en arabe (jusqu’au milieu du XIIIe siècle)

Dire la conquête et la souveraineté des Hauteville en arabe (jusqu’au milieu du XIIIe siècle)

Writing the conquest and the sovereignty of the Hauteville in Arabic until the middle of the 13th century

Annliese NEF

Université Paris 1-Panthéon Sorbonne
Annliese.nef@univ-paris1.fr

http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=dossier13&file=01nef.xml

Résumé :
Contrairement à l’idée souvent reprise par les historiens qu’un manque d’intérêt systématique pour les Latins, voire les non-musulmans en général, caractériserait les écrits arabo-musulmans avant le milieu du XIIIe siècle, il est des entités politiques qui ont attiré leur attention : tel est le cas de la Sicile des XIe-XIIe siècles. Les conquêtes et la construction politique des Hauteville de Sicile ont ainsi été l’objet de développements relativement nombreux et originaux dans les textes arabes du XIIe siècle et des siècles suivants. Les genres littéraires concernés sont variés, mais tous développent des thèmes récurrents : prouesse et efficacité militaire, édification d’un royaume pacifié et juste et prétention impériale de la dynastie.

Mots-clés : Sicile médiévale, Hauteville, Roger II, Guillaume II, conquête de la Sicile (XIe-XIIe siècles), représentations des souverains latins dans les sources arabes médiévales

Abstract:
In contrast to the opinion often expressed by historians that pre-1250 Arabic texts reflect their authors’ systematic lack of interest in the Latins, or even for non-Muslims altogether, some political entities did attract their authors’ attention as is the case of the 11th-12th century Sicily. The conquests and polity of the Hautevilles of Sicily have been the subject of numerous original Arabic texts in the 12th century and later. Their literary genres are diverse, yet all of them develop the same themes: prowess and military efficiency, establishment of a peaceful realm under a just ruler and the imperial pretentions of the dynasty.

Keywords: Medieval Sicily, Hauteville, Roger II, William II, conquest of Sicily (11th-12th centuries), representations of Latin rulers in medieval Arabic sources

La cathédrale de Sées, ses évêques, ses chanoines. Bulletin de la Société Historique et Archéologique de l’Orne

201503111442La cathédrale de Sées, ses évêques, ses chanoines. Bulletin de la Société Historique et Archéologique de l’Orne, n° consacré à la cathédrale de Sées, tome CXXXIII, mars-juin 2014, Alençon, 2015, 213 p. ISSN 0154-0505

Au sommaire de ce numéro consacré à la cathédrale de Sées (Orne),

– Jean-Pascal Foucher, « Regards sur l’histoire et l’architecture de la cathédrale de Sées »

– Emmanuelle Foucher-Lefebvre, « Le financement de la construction des cathédrales normandes »

– François Neveux, « Le rôle de la cathédrale de Séez au Moyen Âge »

– Yves Roth, « L’architecte Victor Ruprich-Robert (1820-1887) »

– Richard Allen, « Mémoire et diplomatique : l’édition des actes des évêques de Sées (911-1220) »

– François Certain, « Jacques de Silly, un évêque bâtisseur et sauveur de la cathédrale de Sées »

– Mathieu Arnoux, « La régularisation du chapitre cathédrale de Sées en 1131 : un événement local aux dimensions multiples »

– Jean-Pascal Foucher, « L’enclos canonial de Sées »

– Jean-François Détrée, « Vis musicale et musiciens à la cathédrale de Sées sous l’Ancien Régime