Archives de catégorie : Culture matérielle, productions et échanges / Material culture, production and exchange

Bruno Nardeux, Une « forêt » royale au Moyen Âge : Le pays de Lyons, en Normandie (vers 1100 – vers 1450)

Bruno Nardeux, Une « forêt » royale au Moyen Âge : Le pays de Lyons, en Normandie (vers 1100 – vers 1450), Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Université de Rouen Normandie)

Continuer la lecture de Bruno Nardeux, Une « forêt » royale au Moyen Âge : Le pays de Lyons, en Normandie (vers 1100 – vers 1450)

Harriet Jean Evans, Animal-Human Relations on the Household-Farm in Viking Age and Medieval Iceland

Harriet Jean Evans, Animal-Human Relations on the Household-Farm in Viking Age and Medieval Iceland, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Université d’York)

Continuer la lecture de Harriet Jean Evans, Animal-Human Relations on the Household-Farm in Viking Age and Medieval Iceland

Linn Eikje Ramberg, Mynt er hva mynt gjør : En analyse av norske mynter fra 1100-tallet: produksjon, sirkulasjon og bruk

Linn Eikje Ramberg, Mynt er hva mynt gjør : En analyse av norske mynter fra 1100-tallet: produksjon, sirkulasjon og bruk, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Université de Stockholm)

Continuer la lecture de Linn Eikje Ramberg, Mynt er hva mynt gjør : En analyse av norske mynter fra 1100-tallet: produksjon, sirkulasjon og bruk

Timothy Carlisle, The walrus in the walls and other strange tales : a comparative study of house-rites in the Viking-age North Atlantic Region

Timothy Carlisle, The walrus in the walls and other strange tales : a comparative study of house-rites in the Viking-age North Atlantic Region, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Université d’ Aberdeen)

Continuer la lecture de Timothy Carlisle, The walrus in the walls and other strange tales : a comparative study of house-rites in the Viking-age North Atlantic Region

Bernadette McCooey, Farming practices in pre-modern Iceland

Bernadette McCooey, Farming practices in pre-modern Iceland, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Université de Birmingham)

Continuer la lecture de Bernadette McCooey, Farming practices in pre-modern Iceland

Rebecca J. S. Cannell, Prospecting the physicochemical past : three dimensional geochemical investigation into the use of space in Viking Age sites in southern Norway using portable XRF

Rebecca J. S. Cannell, Prospecting the physicochemical past : three dimensional geochemical investigation into the use of space in Viking Age sites in southern Norway using portable XRF, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Université de Bournemouth)

Continuer la lecture de Rebecca J. S. Cannell, Prospecting the physicochemical past : three dimensional geochemical investigation into the use of space in Viking Age sites in southern Norway using portable XRF

Florent Audy, Suspended Value: Using Coins as Pendants in Viking-Age Scandinavia (c. AD 800–1140)

Florent Audy, Suspended Value: Using Coins as Pendants in Viking-Age Scandinavia (c. AD 800–1140), Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2018 (Université de Stockholm)

Continuer la lecture de Florent Audy, Suspended Value: Using Coins as Pendants in Viking-Age Scandinavia (c. AD 800–1140)

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2016 (NUI Galway)

Continuer la lecture de Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork

Brewington Seth, Social-Ecological Resilience in the Viking-Age to Early-Medieval Faroe Islands

Brewington Seth, Social-Ecological Resilience in the Viking-Age to Early-Medieval Faroe Islands, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (City University of New York)

Continuer la lecture de Brewington Seth, Social-Ecological Resilience in the Viking-Age to Early-Medieval Faroe Islands

Karlsson Johnny, Spill Om djur, hantverk och nätverk i Mälarområdet under vikingatid och medeltid

Karlsson Johnny, Spill Om djur, hantverk och nätverk i Mälarområdet under vikingatid och medeltid, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2016 (Stockholm University)

Continuer la lecture de Karlsson Johnny, Spill Om djur, hantverk och nätverk i Mälarområdet under vikingatid och medeltid

Pereswetoff-Morath Sofia, Vikingatida runbleck Läsningar och tolkningar

Pereswetoff-Morath Sofia, Vikingatida runbleck Läsningar och tolkningar, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Uppsala universitet)

Continuer la lecture de Pereswetoff-Morath Sofia, Vikingatida runbleck Läsningar och tolkningar

Meloni Dino, Cuisine, écriture et savoir : transmissions et renaissance de la cuisine médiévale anglaise (XIe-XVe siècles)

Meloni Dino, Cuisine, écriture et savoir : transmissions et renaissance de la cuisine médiévale anglaise (XIe-XVe siècles), Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (Université Paris-Sorbonne)

Continuer la lecture de Meloni Dino, Cuisine, écriture et savoir : transmissions et renaissance de la cuisine médiévale anglaise (XIe-XVe siècles)

Leonard, Alison M. A., Nested negotiations : landscape and portable material culture in Viking-Age England

Leonard, Alison M. A., Nested negotiations : landscape and portable material culture in Viking-Age England, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (University of York)

Continuer la lecture de Leonard, Alison M. A., Nested negotiations : landscape and portable material culture in Viking-Age England

Cartwright Ben Helmut John, Making the cloth that binds us : the role of spinning and weaving in crafting the communities of Viking Age Atlantic Scotland (AD c.600-1400)

Cartwright Ben Helmut John, Making the cloth that binds us : the role of spinning and weaving in crafting the communities of Viking Age Atlantic Scotland (AD c.600-1400), Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (University of Cambridge)

[Source : http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?did=1&uin=uk.bl.ethos.708804]

 

From Vikings to Normans in England and Ireland

Article publié dans le dossier thématique – actes de la journée d’étude du 20 novembre 2015, Les transferts culturels dans les mondes normands médiévaux I – Des mots pour le dire ?

From Vikings to Normans in England and Ireland

David Griffiths

University of Oxford, England, UK


In this short piece, I address the ways in which historians and archaeologists have approached, interpreted and described the Viking and Norman presences in England and Ireland. These are treated as very different phenomena, yet in many ways have similar origins and effects. ‘Vikings’ (a word hardly used in near-contemporary historical sources, which use ‘Northmen’, ‘Gentiles’, Foreigners’) became a feature of English and Irish historical consciousness from the 780s AD, with raids followed by more sustained semi-systematic warfare coupled to settlement and assimilation, and ultimately dynastic rivalry and competing claims on statehood. The latter are exemplified in England by the successful attempt by Svein Forkbeard of Denmark to wrest the crown and make way for his son Cnut’s accession in 1016, and in Ireland by the creation of the kingdom of Dublin and the failed attempts by external powers in the Norse world to invade Ireland in 1014 and by Magnus Barelegs of Norway in 1098/1103. Duke William of Normandy, it will need no reminder to say, invaded southern England in 1066, and over the following 20 years (expensively and often bloodily) established Norman rule over the majority of the country. An important dimension to the Norman invasion is its coincidence with the Northumbrian rebellion against Harold II and the Norwegian invasion led by Harald Hardraði, which narrowly failed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge on 25 September 1066, three days prior to the Norman fleet landing at Pevensey, Sussex. Following William’s success at Hastings, and his assumption of the crown, further unsuccessful Danish campaign was mounted against England in 1069-70. Subsequently in 1169-71, led initially by Norman settlers from West Wales, and representing the king Henry II (also Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine and Count of Anjou), an Anglo-Norman army landed (initially by Irish invitation) in south-eastern Ireland, rapidly effecting a take-over of the towns and then the Irish countryside. Continuer la lecture de From Vikings to Normans in England and Ireland