Archives de catégorie : Pouvoirs et institutions politiques / Power and political institutions

Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement

Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014. pp. 335. $55.00 (hardback). ISBN: 9780199669783 (hardback).
Reviewed by: Craig M. Nakashian, Texas A&M University-Texarkana
In The Medieval Review :
http://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/tmr/article/view/19270/25398

Sally Harvey–noted scholar of the Domesday Book and the Norman Conquest–synthesizes a wide array of thematic approaches to the Domesday survey and produces a volume of singular value and scope. Known to legions of scholars and students of the Middle Ages, the Domesday Book would not seem to be on the surface a topic in need of a new treatment. However, Harvey’s book both complements and corrects existing historiography in such a way as to be at once familiarly accessible to scholars as well as refreshing and innovative.

Continuer la lecture de Harvey, Sally. Domesday: Book of Judgement

Premiers résultats de la fouille programmée d’un nouvel édifice de prestige au château de Caen

Bénédicte Guillot (Centre Michel de Boüard – Craham ; Inrap)

En 1998, la ville de Caen a lancé un programme de conservation et de mise en valeur du château de Caen. Une opération d’archéologie préventive a eu lieu en 2005 à l’emplacement des actuelles « salles du rempart ». Une fouille programmée a été lancée en 2011 afin d’étudier un grand bâtiment mis en évidence en 2005 et se développant au sud des limites de fouille. Elle s’est poursuivie en 2012 et 2013 et s’est terminée en 2014 (fig. 1). La réalisation du rapport final de cette opération est en cours mais une première synthèse peut déjà être proposée.

Continuer la lecture de Premiers résultats de la fouille programmée d’un nouvel édifice de prestige au château de Caen

Voytovitch Leontiy, Knyaz’ Riurik,Bila Tserkva, Janina, 2014

Войотович Л. В. Князь Рюрик Біла Церква: Янина (Славетні постаті середньовіччя. Вип. 4), 2014 / Voytovitch Leontiy, Knyaz’ Riurik, Bila Tserkva, Janina (Slavetni postati seredn’ovitchtchya, 4), 2014 (en ukrainien)

Le professeur Leontiy Voytovitch vient de sortir son nouveau livre intitulé Le prince Riurik  publié par les éditions Janina dans la série « Les Hommes illustres du Moyen Age ».

L’origine du prince Riurik et le rôle des Varègues dans l’histoire de l’Europe de l’Est sont l’objet de débats passionnés depuis près de trois siècles. Par contraste, l’historiographie ukrainienne manifeste plus de sérénité sur ces sujets brûlants.

Le livre est un essai qui tente de résoudre l’énigme de l’origine du prince Riurik sur la base des sources, y compris les sagas, en rejetant les partis-pris antinormannistes et en replaçant la recherche ukrainienne dans le contexte européen. L’analyse des sources à la lumière de l’histoire dynastique ancienne du Danemark, de la Norvège et de la Suède, permet d’aborder le problème d’origine de Riurik et sa biographie hypothétique. Les études de sources, dans de nombreux cas, démontrent un manque de compréhension de cette période historique par les chercheurs. L’auteur présente ces réflexions dans un large contexte historique et archéologique en utilisant des découverts d’origine scandinave faites en territoire slave qui nous aident à comprendre la situation, avec la formation d’une nouvelle dynastie européenne et le destin probable de son fondateur. Il aborde aussi les différences entre l’existence des fondations scandinaves au Nord (Ladoga) et au Sud (Plesnesk) de l’Europe de l’Est.

L’auteur est le directeur du departemeent de l’histoire médiévale et des études byzantine, l’Université Natioanale de Lviv, Ukraine, et le directeur de recherches, l’Intitut des études ukrainiennes, Académie Nationale des Sciences de l’Ukraine, Lviv.

Continuer la lecture de Voytovitch Leontiy, Knyaz’ Riurik,Bila Tserkva, Janina, 2014

Nardeux Bruno, Un exemple de domaine public en Normandie. Le pays de Lyons Xe-XVe siècle

Nardeux Bruno, Un exemple de domaine public en Normandie. Le pays de Lyons Xe-XVe siècle, (dir. E. Lalou, Université de Rouen).

En cours depuis 2009/In preparation since 2009

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[source : http://www.theses.fr/s51765]

Berardi Riccardo, Féodalité laïque et seigneurie ecclésiastique en Italie du Sud au Moyen Age : la Calabre des Normands à la guerre des Vêpres (1282)

Berardi Riccardo, Féodalité laïque et seigneurie ecclésiastique en Italie du Sud au Moyen Age : la Calabre des Normands à la guerre des Vêpres (1282), (dir. Annick Peters Custot – Université de Saint-Etienne).

En cours depuis 2014/In preparation since 2014

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[source : http://www.theses.fr/s105690]

Profile of a Doomed Elite: The Structure of English Landed Society in 1066

Profile of a Doomed Elite: The Structure of English Landed Society in 1066

Responsable du projet/Project leader :

Christopher Lewis (christopher.p.lewis@kcl.ac.uk)

Établissement principal/Main institution :

King’s College London

Projet en cours/Project in progress

Description :

The project will use innovative methods for interpreting Domesday Book to survey the whole of English landed society on the eve of the Norman Conquest in 1066, identifying landowners at all levels of society from the king and earls down to the parish gentry and even some prosperous peasants.

It may seem astonishing that this has never been done before, since the evidence has existed for more than 900 years. Domesday Book is the most complete survey of any medieval landed society, and provides a unique opportunity to reconstruct the distribution of landed wealth in eleventh-century England. It has been intensively studied, but until now progress has been blocked: the way pre-Conquest landholders are recorded creates major difficulties in identifying and distinguishing individuals of the same name; gathering, comparing, and mapping the evidence by hand has been prohibitively time-consuming; and evidence about landholders in other sources (such as chronicles and charters) has not been systematically pulled together.

Recent research on two fronts has transformed this situation. Publications by Stephen Baxter, Chris Lewis, and others (including in particular Dr Ann Williams, whose research constitutes one of the keystones of the project) have shown that Domesday Book can be used to make many more secure identifications of landowners than had ever been thought possible; and the imminent publication of ‘The Prosopography of Anglo-Saxon England’ (PASE) will allow the evidence to be assembled, mapped, and compared with other sources much more efficiently. PASE will provide a prosopography – that is, a list of everything known – for every person recorded throughout the entire Anglo-Saxon period from the sixth century to the eleventh. It has been based at King’s and the University of Cambridge, and has been funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council over eight years in two phases. The second phase, which was published on 18 August 2010, extended PASE’s coverage of the eleventh century, and made a comprehensive database of Domesday landholders linked to mapping facilities freely available online.

‘Profile of a Doomed Elite’ will build on and refine PASE’s coverage of the late Anglo-Saxon nobility on the eve of its demise. It opens up the prospect of a major breakthrough in our knowledge of the Norman Conquest, one of the defining moments in English and European history.

The project will be implemented and published online by the King’s Department of Digital Humanities.

[Lien/Link : http://www.kcl.ac.uk/artshums/depts/history/research/proj/profile.aspx]

Raich Susan, The sea in the Anglo-Norman realm, c.1050-1189

Raich Susan, The sea in the Anglo-Norman realm, c.1050-1189, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. E. van Houts, University of Cambridge)

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.hist.cam.ac.uk/directory/sar70@cam.ac.uk]

Stevenson John, The Plantagenet administration of Normandy, 1144-1204

Stevenson John, The Plantagenet administration of Normandy, 1144-1204, (dir. D. Power, Swansea University)

En cours depuis 2013/In preparation since 2013

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.history.ac.uk/history-online/theses/thesis/in-progress/plantagenet-administration-normandy-1144-1204]

Stevenson Abigail, From Domesday Book to the hundred rolls

Stevenson Abigail, From Domesday Book to the hundred rolls: lordship, government and society in England, 1066-1279, (dir. D. Carpenter, King’s College London)

En cours depuis 2012/In preparation since 2012

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.history.ac.uk/history-online/theses/thesis/in-progress/domesday-book-hundred-rolls-lordship-government-and-society-england-1066]

Majoros Christie, The function of hospitaller houses in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales

Majoros Christie, The function of hospitaller houses in England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales, (dir. H. Nicholson, P. Edbury, University of Cardiff)

En cours depuis 2013/In preparation since 2013

Résumé/abstract :

The specific goal of this project is to determine what kind of function the houses of the Hospitallers in the British Isles performed, or were intended to perform. Since it is clear that not all Hospitaller houses were built or acquiredfor a hospitable or charitable purpose, they must have been maintained by the Order for other reasons. I plan to investigate individual houses in an effort to determine what these other reasons were. Specifically, I will be looking for evidence of usefulness in one of four ways: martial, charitable, religious, or economic. The degree to which these houses were actually successful in fulfilling the function expected of them would be of secondary importance, entering into the discussion only where relevant to the determination of function. The project’s purpose is instead to create a comprehensive study that can be used as a tool for further research, allowing larger arguments to be made regarding both the activities and administrative practices of the Hospitaller Order in the British Isles, and how these practices figured into regional and international needs both within and outside of the Order.

[Source : http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/share/contactsandpeople/postgraduatestudents/christiemajoros-overview_new.html]

Moore Gavin, Earls Ranulf III and John le Scot of Chester, a case study, c. 1181-1237

Moore Gavin, Lordly power and lordship: earls Ranulf III and John le Scot of Chester, a case study, c. 1181-1237 (dir. K Hurlock, J. Roche, T. Adams, Manchester Metropolitan University)

En cours depuis 2014/In preparation since 2014

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.hssr.mmu.ac.uk/research-student-information/current-research-student-profiles/history/]

Mead Emily, Power, patronage and underage rule in Norman Sicily

Mead Emily, Power, patronage and underage rule in Norman Sicily, (dir. A. Metcalfe, Lancaster University)

En cours depuis 2010/In preparation since 2010

Résumé/abstract :

This thesis centres on the regency of Countess Adelaide in post conquest Sicily and Calabria (1101-1113). It asks how regency governance was perceived, presented and worked in practise. Fundamentally, it answers the question of just how much this period should simply be painted as one of continuity from the rule of Roger I. In doing so, it exploits Greek and Latin charter material, as well as Latin narratives. Such independent study of Adelaide is essential, prior to further comparative work, owing to the infant political and social climate of Sicily and Calabria in these years.

[Source : http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/fass/history/profiles/emily-mead]

McNair Fraser, The development of territorial principalities between the Loire and the Scheldt, 893-996

McNair Fraser, The development of territorial principalities between the Loire and the Scheldt, 893-996, (dir. R. McKitterick, University of Cambridge)

En cours depuis 2012/In preparation since 2012

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.hist.cam.ac.uk/directory/fam38@cam.ac.uk]

Esser Maxine, John of Salisbury and law

Esser Maxine, John of Salisbury and law, (dir. J. Hudson, University of St Andrews)

En cours depuis 2011/In preparation since 2011

Résumé/abstract :

Looking at all the works of John of Salisbury, the aim of my thesis is to concentrate on legal aspects contained therein, specifically how much law John knew; where he gained knowledge of law, in terms of sources used; how his thinking differs from his contemporaries, or otherwise. My research shall also consider specific aspects of legal discussion covered by John in his Policraticus, e.g. the legality of soldiers; how a prince should behave within the law; and the role of judges. Additionally, to what extent John appeared as a legal advisor to the Archbishop of Canterbury will be addressed.

[Source : http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/postgrad/postgraduates/maxineesser.html]

Dymond Alexander, Royal/ducal demesne in England and Normandy in the eleventh century

Dymond Alexander, Royal/ducal demesne in England and Normandy in the eleventh century, (dir. Stephen Baxter, University of Oxford)

En cours depuis 2014/In preparation since 2014

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.ohgn.org/student?sso=CORP2388]