Caitlin Ellis, The identity and international relations of Orkney and Dublin in the long eleventh century, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2018 (Université de Cambridge)
Beñat Elortza, A comparative analysis of the transformation of the Scandinavian military apparatus from a European perspective, c. 1035-1202, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2017 (Université d’Aberdeen)
Louisa Taylor, Moderation and restraint in the North : ideals of elite conduct in High Medieval England, Norway and Denmark, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2016 (University College London)
The Viking Phenomenon
Responsables du projet/Project leaders : Neil Price
Établissements principaux/Main institutions : Université d’Uppsala
Projet en cours/Project in progress
The Viking Age (c.750-1050 CE) has long been a touchstone of identity in the Nordic countries, not least in Sweden where the primary project focus lies. While the Vikings enjoy a popular recognition common to few other ancient cultures, their history has been reinvented, used and abused to suit the needs of successive generations, in a process that continues today.
Centre for Advanced Study (Oslo) – Department of Archaeology, Conservation and History (University of Oslo)
Conference – 22-23 February 2018
Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi/Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters (Drammensveien 78, 0271 Oslo)
In high medieval Europe, conflict took a number of different forms, from large-scale battles, such as disputes over crowns, power and lands, to more local disputes over inheritance and property. In the absence of well-developed administrative structures which could limit conflict, cultural conventions, rituals and behavioural norms evolved to moderate violence within the elite community. The exchange of hostages, ransom of defeated opponents, oath-taking and creation of new bonds of friendship, all helped to re-establish stable relations between former opponents. With peace came a change in the balance of power within a region. Relationships between adversaries were restructured and redefined as treaties were concluded and new agreements made. Peace rituals allowed the new status quo to be publicly proclaimed and understood. By studying the restraint of violence and the imposition of peace, we can examine both the long and short term implications of conflict, and improve our understanding of how violence shaped the elite community in medieval Europe.
Veninger Jacqueline, Archaeological landscapes of conflict in twelfth-century Gwynedd, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (University of Exeter)
Article publié dans le dossier thématique – actes de la journée d’étude du 20 novembre 2015, Les transferts culturels dans les mondes normands médiévaux I – Des mots pour le dire ?
From Vikings to Normans in England and Ireland
University of Oxford, England, UK
In this short piece, I address the ways in which historians and archaeologists have approached, interpreted and described the Viking and Norman presences in England and Ireland. These are treated as very different phenomena, yet in many ways have similar origins and effects. ‘Vikings’ (a word hardly used in near-contemporary historical sources, which use ‘Northmen’, ‘Gentiles’, Foreigners’) became a feature of English and Irish historical consciousness from the 780s AD, with raids followed by more sustained semi-systematic warfare coupled to settlement and assimilation, and ultimately dynastic rivalry and competing claims on statehood. The latter are exemplified in England by the successful attempt by Svein Forkbeard of Denmark to wrest the crown and make way for his son Cnut’s accession in 1016, and in Ireland by the creation of the kingdom of Dublin and the failed attempts by external powers in the Norse world to invade Ireland in 1014 and by Magnus Barelegs of Norway in 1098/1103. Duke William of Normandy, it will need no reminder to say, invaded southern England in 1066, and over the following 20 years (expensively and often bloodily) established Norman rule over the majority of the country. An important dimension to the Norman invasion is its coincidence with the Northumbrian rebellion against Harold II and the Norwegian invasion led by Harald Hardraði, which narrowly failed at the Battle of Stamford Bridge on 25 September 1066, three days prior to the Norman fleet landing at Pevensey, Sussex. Following William’s success at Hastings, and his assumption of the crown, further unsuccessful Danish campaign was mounted against England in 1069-70. Subsequently in 1169-71, led initially by Norman settlers from West Wales, and representing the king Henry II (also Duke of Normandy and Aquitaine and Count of Anjou), an Anglo-Norman army landed (initially by Irish invitation) in south-eastern Ireland, rapidly effecting a take-over of the towns and then the Irish countryside. Continuer la lecture de From Vikings to Normans in England and Ireland
Simon Lebouteiller a le plaisir de vous inviter à la soutenance de sa thèse :
« Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale. Recherche sur les formes de pacification et les rituels de paix dans le monde scandinave au Moyen Âge (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle) »
qui aura lieu le 21 octobre prochain à 14h00 dans l’amphithéâtre de la MRSH (Université de Caen, Campus 1), devant un jury composé de :
· M. Sverre Bagge, professeur, Université de Bergen (rapporteur)
· M. Pierre Bauduin, professeur, Université de Caen Normandie (directeur de thèse)
· Mme Geneviève Bührer-Thierry, professeure, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (examinateur)
· M. François Émion, maître de conférences, Université Paris-Sorbonne (examinateur)
· M. Jean-Marie Maillefer, professeur, Université Paris-Sorbonne (codirecteur de thèse)
· M. Jean-Marie Moeglin, professeur, Université Paris-Sorbonne ; directeur de recherche, EPHE (rapporteur)
La soutenance sera suivie d’un pot auquel vous êtes également conviés. Afin de faciliter son organisation, veuillez confirmer votre présence à l’adresse suivante :
911-2011. Penser les mondes normands médiévaux
Actes du colloque de Cerisy-la-Salle (29 septembre-2 octobre 2011) publiés sous la direction de David Bates et PierreBauduin.
La pertinence de l’expression « monde(s) normand(s) » est discutée en soulignant son caractère à la fois singulier et pluriel, sa dimension européenne, sa valeur heuristique, capable de se dégager d’historiographies trop étroitement nationales et de remettre en question certains modèles explicatifs.
2016, 16 x 24, br., 572 p.
ISBN : 978-2-84133-774-3
Paul Hill, The Norman Commanders: Masters of Warfare 911-1135, Pen and Sword 2015.
Robert Guiscard, William the Conqueror, Roger I of Sicily and Bohemond Prince of Antioch are just four of the exceptional Norman commanders who not only led their armies to victory in battle but also, through military force, created their own kingdoms in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. Their single-minded and aggressive leadership, and the organization, discipline and fighting qualities of their armies, marked them out from their Viking forebears and from many of the armed forces that stood against them. Their brilliant careers, and those of Robert Curthose, William Rufus, Richard I of Capua and Henry I of England, are the subject of Paul Hill’s latest study of medieval warfare.
In a narrative packed with detail and insight, and with a wide-ranging understanding of the fighting methods and military ethos of the period, he traces the course of their conquests, focusing on them as individual commanders and on their achievements on the battlefield. The military context of their campaigns, and the conditions of warfare in France and England, in southern Italy and Sicily, and in the Near East, are vividly described, as are their decisive operations and sieges – among them Hastings, Brémule, Tinchebrai, Civitate, Misilmeri, Dyrrhachium and the Siege of Antioch.
There is no doubt that the Normans’ success in war depended upon the leadership qualities and military capabilities of the commanders as well as the special strengths of the armies they led. Paul Hill’s accessible and authoritative account offers a fascinating portrait of these masters of warfare.
Georgios Theotokis, The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy against Byzantium, in the years between 1071 and 1108 AD., Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2010, (dir. M. Strickland, University of Glasgow).
The topic of my thesis is “The campaigns of the Norman dukes of southern Italy to Byzantium, in the years between 1071 and 1108 A.D.” As the title suggests, I am examining all the main campaigns conducted by the Normans against Byzantine provinces, in the period from the fall of Bari, the Byzantine capital of Apulia and the seat of the Byzantine governor (catepano) of Italy in 1071, to the Treaty of Devol that marked the end of Bohemond of Taranto’s Illyrian campaign in 1108. My thesis, however, aims to focus specifically on the military aspects of these confrontations, an area which for this period has been surprisingly neglected in the existing secondary literature. My intention is to give answers to a series of questions, of which only some of them are presented here: what was the Norman method of raising their armies and what was the connection of this particular system to that in Normandy and France in the same period (similarities, differences, if any)? Have the Normans been willing to adapt to the Mediterranean reality of warfare, meaning the adaptation of siege engines and the creation of a transport and fighting fleet? What was the composition of their armies, not only in numbers but also in the analogy of cavalry, infantry and supplementary units? While in the field of battle, what were the fighting tactics used by the Normans against the Byzantines and were they superior to their eastern opponents? However, as my study is in essence comparative, I will further compare the Norman and Byzantine military institutions, analyse the clash of these two different military cultures and distinguish any signs of adaptations in their practice of warfare. Also, I will attempt to set this enquiry in the light of new approaches to medieval military history visible in recent historiography by asking if any side had been familiar to the ideas of Vegetian strategy, and if so, whether we characterise any of these strategies as Vegetian?
[Source : http://theses.gla.ac.uk/1884/ ]
Établissements principaux/Main institutions : Wrocław University, Kocaeli University, Selçuk University
Projet en cours/Project in progress
The Way from the Varangians to the Greeks linked Eastern Europe and the Baltic Sea zone with Constantinople. Through the route Byzantine goods and ideas reached the North. The ideas which, amongst others, created foundations of medieval European civilization in our part of the continent. The artery functioned as the result of relations between the Rus’/Scandinavians and Byzantines started in the 9th and continued in the 10th and 11th century. Their testimony are treaties from 911 and 944 mentioned in the Nestor’s Chronicle (Tale of Bygone Years). Under the agreements the Rus’ gained the right to stay in the neighbourhood of Constantinople.
The aim is: to locate the place of stay of the Rus’ at the gates of the capital of the Empire based on material and written sources (Greek and Latin); reconstruction of the cultural environment – based on archaeological data and historical texts- in which directly lived newcomers from Eastern Europe in Miklagård and determination of the impact of this environment on their culture.
The basis of the project is the hypothesis that the Byzantine settlement complex situated at Kucukcekmece Lake near Istanbul was the destination port of the route, perhaps identical with the zone appointed to the Rus’ as their place of residence at the gates of Constantinople mentioned in the treaties. This concept was formulated by S. Aydingün – the director of the excavations in Kucukcekmece and H. Öniz – the member of the excavation team. It is confirmed by artefacts of Rus’/Scandinavian origins discovered there, identified by the author of the project.
Interdisciplinary Project, Turkey and brings together the experience of Polish medieval studies. It includes specialists in archaeology (Viking culture, Byzantine studies, land and underwater excavations), classical philology, history and architecture. Its basis are studies of material sources obtained as a result of archaeological work in Kucukcekmece (using the classical and the latest methods of field prospection and documentation) as well as historical research of written sources (Greek and Latin) associated with this centre and problems in question.
The project will contribute to the perception of the cultural environment in which the first direct contact of communities from our part of the continent and the Byzantine civilization occurred and we will be able to recognize the Byzantine impact on the newcomers from the North.
It will create a new source foundation and fields to discussion within studies carried out in recent years, which aim to: (1) to illustrate the socio-economic background, against which the process of formation of first states in the Early Middle Ages occurred, with particular emphasis on the role played by the Norse; and (2) to study problems associated with the beginnings of the medieval European civilization started by Lech Leciejewicz (Nowa postać świata, Wrocław 2000). It will also contribute to resurrect the tradition of Wrocław Byzantine studies, initiated by George Ostrogorski and Mediterranean archaeology of the Middle Ages, created by Lech Leciejewicz.
Nordic Research Network Glasgow 2016 — Bridges Between: Norse and Insular Worlds 500-1500
Glasgow, 4 May 2016
PAPER PROPOSAL DEADLINE 15 JANUARY 2016
This interdisciplinary day conference presented by The Nordic Research Network at the University of Glasgow welcomes contributions from postgraduates and early-career researchers to explore the topic of “Bridges Between: Norse and Insular Worlds in the period c. 500 – 1500 A.D.”
The theme of the conference is “Bridges”, and we welcome papers (<20min) which explore the relationships which emphasise connections, interactions, and interfaces within the wider Norse world. This conference hopes to break new ground in discussing how these « bridges » developed over a thousand year period, going beyond the traditional historical boundaries. We also seek contributions which aim to build interdisciplinary bridges between research traditions and academic institutions.
If you are interested in participating, please submit a 200 word abstract and a <50 word bio to firstname.lastname@example.org by January 15th 2016.
Potential topics may include (but are not limited to):
– Norse Archaeology in the Insular region or Insular influences in the Norse-speaking world.
– Linguistic and Onomastic interactions and changes.
– The Scandinavian origins of the Anglo-Saxons.
– The historical influence of the Scandinavians in Britain during the later medieval period.
– Interactions between the Norse and the natural environment.
– Contacts between the Norse and indigenous peoples throughout the North Atlantic.
– Bridging archaeometric analysis with a theoretical framework.
Stein Samantha, Understanding Torksey, Lincolnshire : a Geoarchaeological and Landscape Approach to a Viking Overwintering Camp, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (Université de Sheffield)
Viking overwintering camps of late 9th century England have been excluded from most recent dialogues regarding Viking Age England. Although overwintering camps are directly mentioned in historical records such as the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, these sites have remained archaeologically elusive. The recent identification of the Viking overwintering camp at Torksey, now under investigation by the Torksey Project, has provided a key opportunity to fill the gap in the current literature about the relation between environment, landscape, and Viking winter camps. This thesis uses geoarchaeological techniques, including palynology, sediment analysis, and optically stimulated luminescence to determine that the location was defined by a waterlogged landscape with aeolian sediments. The landscape evaluation has identified sites within the surrounding area that would have been integral in shaping the physical and political form and long-term effects of the winter camp, including a royal estate, a burhdyke associated with Torksey, an intermittently active canal at the Foss Dyke, and historical documents linking the site with the Mercian royal family. The methods employed during this have produced results that definitively demonstrate that the character of the environment was largely responsible for the Viking’s choice of site for their overwintering at Torksey, and how the early medieval population would have interacted with the environment in the Lower Trent Valley.
[Source : http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/9616/]
Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (dir. K. O’Conor, NUI Galway)
The Anglo-Norman occupation of Cork permanently altered the physical and societal landscape of the city, and its immediate surrounding area. Over the course of nearly a century and a half, a small but functioning harbour became the premier Anglo-Norman port on the south-west coast of Ireland, and the earlier settlement transitioned from a small Hiberno-Norse trading community and nearby monastic nucleus into a socially- and architecturally-diverse urban centre. This process of urbanisation was a deliberate action on the part of the Anglo-Normans to ‘civilise’ their new colony in the late 12th century, and by the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the thriving town of Cork was a testament to the successful realization of this goal. There has been extensive archaeological investigation within the city, which has uncovered significant evidence of Cork’s urban medieval development. To date, the results of these excavations have not been academically assessed as a compound entity. This study is the first attempt to establish a cohesive archaeological and historical understanding of the impact of Anglo-Norman occupation on the social morphology of Cork’s earliest urban inhabitants. It is, effectively, the first integrated interpretation of all available archaeological data from the Anglo-Norman period in Cork. Using an approach which integrates historical and archaeological evidence to define exact temporal parameters, the present writer has interrogated all available excavation data as part of a high-resolution study of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork. This has resulted in a new understanding of some long-held perceptions of the period between c.1171 and c.1315 in the city. This research has challenged previous historical interpretations of the impact of the Anglo-Norman occupation on the existing Hiberno-Norse inhabitants, and re-defined their role as useful participants in the economy of the Anglo-Norman city. Evidence of at least four social strata within the town has been identified, and new information on the quality of life enjoyed by the lower-ranking craft-workers and artisans of the period is put forward. Phases of economic migration within the city have been recognized, as has physical evidence of the elite members of society at this time. Life-ways, both individual and familial, have been deciphered from the data in order to enrich, and personalize, this account of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork.