Archives de catégorie : Relations internationales, conquêtes, guerre et paix / International relations, conquests, war and peace

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork

Gleeson Caitríona M., A social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2015 (dir. K. O’Conor, NUI Galway)

Résumé/abstract :

The Anglo-Norman occupation of Cork permanently altered the physical and societal landscape of the city, and its immediate surrounding area. Over the course of nearly a century and a half, a small but functioning harbour became the premier Anglo-Norman port on the south-west coast of Ireland, and the earlier settlement transitioned from a small Hiberno-Norse trading community and nearby monastic nucleus into a socially- and architecturally-diverse urban centre. This process of urbanisation was a deliberate action on the part of the Anglo-Normans to ‘civilise’ their new colony in the late 12th century, and by the late 13th and early 14th centuries, the thriving town of Cork was a testament to the successful realization of this goal. There has been extensive archaeological investigation within the city, which has uncovered significant evidence of Cork’s urban medieval development. To date, the results of these excavations have not been academically assessed as a compound entity. This study is the first attempt to establish a cohesive archaeological and historical understanding of the impact of Anglo-Norman occupation on the social morphology of Cork’s earliest urban inhabitants. It is, effectively, the first integrated interpretation of all available archaeological data from the Anglo-Norman period in Cork. Using an approach which integrates historical and archaeological evidence to define exact temporal parameters, the present writer has interrogated all available excavation data as part of a high-resolution study of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork. This has resulted in a new understanding of some long-held perceptions of the period between c.1171 and c.1315 in the city. This research has challenged previous historical interpretations of the impact of the Anglo-Norman occupation on the existing Hiberno-Norse inhabitants, and re-defined their role as useful participants in the economy of the Anglo-Norman city. Evidence of at least four social strata within the town has been identified, and new information on the quality of life enjoyed by the lower-ranking craft-workers and artisans of the period is put forward. Phases of economic migration within the city have been recognized, as has physical evidence of the elite members of society at this time. Life-ways, both individual and familial, have been deciphered from the data in order to enrich, and personalize, this account of the social archaeology of Anglo-Norman Cork.

[Source : https://aran.library.nuigalway.ie/xmlui/handle/10379/5045]

McGlynn Sean Joseph, Blood Cries Afar: The Forgotten Invasion of England 1216

McGlynn Sean Joseph, Blood Cries Afar: The Forgotten Invasion of England 1216, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. S. Barton, Université d’Exeter)

Résumé/abstract :

The intent behind Blood Cries Afar: The Forgotten Invasion of England 1216 was to be the first book to study the French invasion of England in 1216 and the first to offer a military narrative and analysis of its events. In completing the study, a clear understanding is conveyed of the course of fragmented and frequently confusing and neglected events. The large French expeditionary force that landed in England in May 1216 allied with baronial rebels against King John to divide the country for eighteen months. For a year the French occupied and ruled the richest one-third of England, including the capital, London (which remained in their hands for the entire duration of the occupation). At one point, as many as two-thirds of the English baronage recognised the French leader, Prince Louis (heir to the Capetian throne in France) as their monarch; King Alexander II of Scotland travelled to Dover to pay homage to him as King Louis I of England. The invasion was ended by military means, not political ones. The neglect of this major invasion event, which came close to being a second Norman Conquest, is a telling one. In part this is due to its events unfolding over the end of King John’s reign the start of and Henry III’s (as a minor), and also because it remains in the shadow of Magna Carta from a year earlier. Thus in the few places where the invasion has been investigated, its treatment has been partial, disjointed and brief. This book shows how it was that a succession of military events led to the point that the French were able to launch a full-scale invasion and how the invasion and subsequent occupation was defeated militarily. In so doing, it emphasizes strongly the primacy of military events over political and diplomatic ones, and offers a detailed analysis of campaigning in the early thirteenth century. It offers the most comprehensive account and analysis of a number of engagements, some of which have been almost completely neglected or overlooked entirely. The book also offers fresh insights, context and arguments on the following: Richard I’s and England’s foreign policy; the military leadership of King John; the first re-issue of Magna Carta; Louis’ campaign and planned last-stand; the fluidity of castle warfare; ravaging as a precision weapon; the impact on non-combatants and the role of atrocity; the importance of the invasion to nascent English identity. But most of all, its chief significance is that it offers the first, full-length and military study of events that dominated England from the sealing of Magna Carta in June 1215 to the end of the invasion in September 1217.

[Source : https://ore.exeter.ac.uk/repository/handle/10871/18087]

Les croisades en Orient. Histoire, mémoires / Crusades in the East. History, memories

Les croisades en Orient. Histoire, mémoires
Crusades in the East. History, memories
Le Crociate in Oriente. Storia, memorie

Abbès Zouache

CNRS, CIHAM-UMR 5648, université de Lyon

ab1zouache@yahoo.fr

Article dans Tabularia :
http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=dossier13&file=04zouache.xml

Résumé :
Cet article se penche sur la façon dont le phénomène croisade fut perçu, en Orient, et sur les traces qu’il y laissa dans la conscience collective. Au cours du XIIe siècle, la croisade fut progressivement comprise dans sa singularité. Mais elle fut aussi interprétée comme un épisode de l’affrontement séculaire entre l’islam et la chrétienté. Une mémoire de la croisade se diffusa, qui mêlait sentiment d’agression et fierté d’y avoir résisté grâce à un recentrage sur la piété et le djihad, et au respect du pouvoir établi. Après la fin des États latins d’Orient, cette mémoire s’enrichit d’autres épisodes de la lutte entre les chrétiens et les musulmans. À l’époque ottomane, elle resurgit avec force chaque fois que les tensions entre des musulmans et des Européens furent vives.

Mots-clés : croisades, Proche-Orient, histoire, mémoires, djihad

Abstract:
This paper aims at studying how the Crusade phenomenon was seen in the East, and its mark on the collective memory. During the twelfth century, the Crusades were gradually understood in its singular way. But it was also considered as an episode of an old confrontation between Islam and Christendom. A memory of the Crusades spread. This memory was mixed with a feeling of aggression and the pride of having resisted through a refocusing on piety and djihad, and through the respect for the established power. After the end of the Crusader states, this memory was enriched with other episodes of the struggle between the Christians and the Muslims. During the Ottoman period, this memory was revived each time the tensions between the Muslims and the Europeans were strong.

Keywords: crusades, Near East, history, memory, djihad

Riassunto :
Questo articolo prende in esame il modo in cui in Oriente il fenomeno crociato fu percepito, e le tracce che ha lasciato nella coscienza collettiva. Durante il sec. XII, la Crociata fu progressivamente compresa nella sua singolarità. Ma essa fu interpretata anche come un episodio dello scontro secolare tra l’Islam e la Cristianità. Si diffuse così una memoria della Crociata che mescolava sentimenti di ostilità e la fierezza di avervi rinunziato grazie a un ritorno alla pietà e alla jihad, e al rispetto del potere stabilito. Dopo la fine degli Stati latini d’Oriente, questa memoria si arricchisce di ulteriori episodi della lotta tra musulmani e cristiani. In epoca poi ottomana, essa torna con forza tutte le volte che si inasprivano le tensioni tra musulmani ed Europei.

Parole chiave : crociate, Medio Oriente, storia, memorie, jihad

Les Vikings en Grande-Bretagne et en Irlande : travaux et recherches en cours

23 oct. 2015 | Université de Caen (France) | MRSH, salle des Actes, SH027, 14H-18H

Les Vikings en Grande-Bretagne et en Irlande : travaux et recherches en cours

Jón Viðar SIGURÐSSON (Université d’Oslo), The Scandinavia power game and the Viking raids
Stephen HARRISON (Université de Glasgow), Early Viking Fortifications in Britain and Ireland
Clare DOWNHAM (Université de Liverpool), Coastal Communities and Diaspora Identities in Viking Age Ireland

Conquest: 1016, 1066 – Call for paper

An Interdisciplinary Anniversary Conference

Ioannou Centre and TORCH, Oxford, 21-24 July 2016

PAPER PROPOSAL DEADLINE 31 OCTOBER 2015

Sessions will run in parallel for 90 minutes each. Paper proposals in the general call should be for 20 minute papers, which will be scheduled in sessions of 3 papers each; if groups of people wish to propose a session in a different format, they are welcome to submit linked proposals. Session and paper proposers are asked to nominate one or more of the thematic strands in which their session/paper would fit:

  1. The Church; monasticism, clerical reform, theology, religious experience
  2. Literature, authors, and patronage
  3. Language and multilingualism, language contact
  4. Institutions and governance; lordship; kingship
  5. Warfare, battles, conduct in war, fighting men
  6. Art and material culture; music; court life
  7. Society and peoples
  8. Trade and commerce
  9. Space, movement, contact, networks; England and Europe, England and Scandinavia
  10. Historiography

Download the CALL FOR PAPERS (PDF)

Download the Paper Proposal form (Word document)

Email paper proposals by 31 October 2015.

39th Battle Conference on Anglo-Norman Studies 2016

Friday 29th July- Tues 2 Aug

Battle Abbey School, Battle

 

1066 in European context

Julie Barrau (Cambridge) Bible and Conquest

Stephen Baxter (Oxford) Cross channel landholding

Sir Chris Clark (Cambridge) A modern historian’s view of 1066

Laura Cleaver (Dublin) Battle Abbey Chronicle

Brian Golding (Southampton) The Entente Cordiale in 1904 and the Battle Abbey Stone

Chris Lewis (London) [Allen Brown Memorial Lecture] England in Europe

Simon Keynes (Cambridge) Harold, Waltham and Lotharingian canons

Brigitte Meijns (Leuven) Religious relations England, Normandy, France

Thomas O’Donnell (Fordham, USA) Literary portrayals of the Conqueror

Mark Philpott (Oxford) Coronation matters

Alheydis Plassmann (Bonn) Germany, England and Normandy c. 1066

Roy Porter and Jeremy Ashbee (English Heritage) Public History and the Norman Conquest

Elisabeth Ridel (Caen/CNRS) Ships, Old Norse and the North Sea

Chris Whittick (East Sussex Archives) The man who enabled Eleanor Searle to do Battle

Ann Williams (London) Edmund and 1016

Marjorie Chibnall Essay Prize winner

 

Writing History: Battles and the Shaping of the North Atlantic World. 1015, Scandinavia and the Wider World

18-19 September 2015

9.30am, Room GR06/07

Faculty of English, 9 West Road Cambridge CB3 9DP

 The second of three departmental conferences commemorating major anniversaries of 2014, 2015 and 2016.

The Department of Anglo-Saxon, Norse, and Celtic, has organised a series of three interrelated conferences of commemoration under the general theme of, ‘Writing History: Battles and the Shaping of the North Atlantic World’. The first conference ‘Ireland and the Wider World’ took place in December 2014.

Our second conference in the series will focus on Scandinavia and the Wider World, marking the accession of St Olaf, king of Norway, and of Cnut’s invasion of England in the late summer of 1015. Speakers will include Judith Jesch and Niels Lund, as well as Haki Antonsson, Clare Downham, Paul Gazzoli and Rory Naismith. Continuing the modern dimension established in the first conference, Professor Brendan Simms will speak on writing history in the context of the anniversary of the Battle of Waterloo, 1815.

A full programme and information about the conference can be found HERE.

Register for the conference.

Dire la conquête et la souveraineté des Hauteville en arabe (jusqu’au milieu du XIIIe siècle)

Dire la conquête et la souveraineté des Hauteville en arabe (jusqu’au milieu du XIIIe siècle)

Writing the conquest and the sovereignty of the Hauteville in Arabic until the middle of the 13th century

Annliese NEF

Université Paris 1-Panthéon Sorbonne
Annliese.nef@univ-paris1.fr

http://www.unicaen.fr/mrsh/craham/revue/tabularia/print.php?dossier=dossier13&file=01nef.xml

Résumé :
Contrairement à l’idée souvent reprise par les historiens qu’un manque d’intérêt systématique pour les Latins, voire les non-musulmans en général, caractériserait les écrits arabo-musulmans avant le milieu du XIIIe siècle, il est des entités politiques qui ont attiré leur attention : tel est le cas de la Sicile des XIe-XIIe siècles. Les conquêtes et la construction politique des Hauteville de Sicile ont ainsi été l’objet de développements relativement nombreux et originaux dans les textes arabes du XIIe siècle et des siècles suivants. Les genres littéraires concernés sont variés, mais tous développent des thèmes récurrents : prouesse et efficacité militaire, édification d’un royaume pacifié et juste et prétention impériale de la dynastie.

Mots-clés : Sicile médiévale, Hauteville, Roger II, Guillaume II, conquête de la Sicile (XIe-XIIe siècles), représentations des souverains latins dans les sources arabes médiévales

Abstract:
In contrast to the opinion often expressed by historians that pre-1250 Arabic texts reflect their authors’ systematic lack of interest in the Latins, or even for non-Muslims altogether, some political entities did attract their authors’ attention as is the case of the 11th-12th century Sicily. The conquests and polity of the Hautevilles of Sicily have been the subject of numerous original Arabic texts in the 12th century and later. Their literary genres are diverse, yet all of them develop the same themes: prowess and military efficiency, establishment of a peaceful realm under a just ruler and the imperial pretentions of the dynasty.

Keywords: Medieval Sicily, Hauteville, Roger II, William II, conquest of Sicily (11th-12th centuries), representations of Latin rulers in medieval Arabic sources

Biddlecombe, Steven, ed. The Historia Ierosolimitana of Baldric of Bourgueil. Reviewed in The Medieval Review by Jay Rubenstein (University of Tennessee, Knoxville)

Biddlecombe, Steven, ed.
The Historia Ierosolimitana of Baldric of Bourgueil. Woodbridge
Boydell Press, 2014. pp. cvii, 153. $99.00. ISBN: 978-184-3839-019.

Reviewed by Jay Rubenstein, University of Tennessee, Knoxville
jrubens1@utk.edu

Reviewed in The Medieval Review

Baldric of Bourgueil is one of three monastic writers–along with Guibert of Nogent and Robert the Monk–who famously (among crusade historians, at least) set themselves the task of rewriting the anonymous, eyewitness narrative of the First Crusade, the Gesta Francorum. Not as well known among modern historians as Guibert (whose chronicle was published in a new edition by R. B. C. Huygens in 1996) and not as popular among medieval readers as Robert (whose text survives in over eighty manuscripts and was recently edited by Marcus Bull and Damien Kempf), Baldric’s book has tended to be–if not overlooked, then at least–underappreciated in scholarly circles, which is unfortunate. Among twelfth-century writers about the crusade, Baldric was easily the most sophisticated. Discerning medieval readers shared this judgment, too. Both Orderic Vitalis and Vincent of Beauvais, for example, used Baldric’s Historia Ierosolimitana as the basis for their own work on the crusade. Unlike any of his contemporaries’ efforts, we can say of Baldric’s  Historia that it is a true work of literature.

Continuer la lecture de Biddlecombe, Steven, ed. The Historia Ierosolimitana of Baldric of Bourgueil. Reviewed in The Medieval Review by Jay Rubenstein (University of Tennessee, Knoxville)

Lebouteiller Simon, Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale.

Lebouteiller Simon, Faire la paix dans la Scandinavie médiévale. Recherche sur les formes de pacification et les rituels de paix dans le monde scandinave au Moyen Âge (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle) (dir. P. Bauduin, Université de Caen Basse-Normandie – co-directeur : J.-M. Maillefer, Université de Paris IV)

En cours depuis 2011 /In preparation since 2011

Résumé/abstract :

La période médiévale a été marquée par l’expansion du pouvoir royal en Europe du Nord et l’émergence des Scandinaves sur la scène politique européenne à travers des raids croissants et la conquête de territoires sur le continent. Les élites nordiques ont ainsi été impliquées dans de nombreux conflits armés, ceux-ci étant alors le plus souvent suivis de processus de pacification durant lesquels les conditions du retour à la paix étaient déterminées.

Notre recherche consistera à nous interroger sur le déroulement et la composition des mouvements de résolution de conflits politiques dans le monde scandinave du VIIIe au XIIIe siècle. Ainsi, quelles ont été les techniques diplomatiques employées par les anciens Scandinaves afin d’assurer les négociations entre partis ? Quelles ont été les modalités de ces accords de paix ? À quels rituels a-t-on eu recours afin de consacrer la cessation des conflits ?

Au regard de la vaste documentation nous permettant d’étudier l’histoire de ces régions septentrionales (sagas islandaises, poésie scaldique, lois provinciales, chroniques, annales…), il s’agira notamment de replacer les pratiques nordiques dans le contexte culturel européen et de définir leurs spécificités et leurs similitudes avec les usages diplomatiques de leurs adversaires. Ce point nous mènera alors à déterminer si ces éléments ont éventuellement influencé les relations entre ces différents protagonistes et la nature des accords de paix qu’ils ont pu passer.

De même, un second axe sera d’étudier les évolutions des techniques de pacification dans ce contexte de développement du christianisme et de l’influence du monde chrétien sur les structures culturelles et politiques des sociétés scandinaves. Enfin, on tentera d’examiner la représentation des idées de paix et de « non-paix » dans la littérature nordique et de révéler la signification et les valeurs de ces notions dans ces cultures en transition.

[source : http://w3.unicaen.fr/ufr/histoire/craham/spip.php?article584 ]

Lepeuple Bruno, Les châteaux du Vexin du Xe siècle au milieu du XIIe siècle. Deux conceptions du contrôle territorial, la Normandie face à la France

Lepeuple Bruno, Les châteaux du Vexin du Xe siècle au milieu du XIIe siècle. Deux conceptions du contrôle territorial, la Normandie face à la France (dir. A.-M. Flambard Héricher, Université de Rouen)

En cours depuis 2005/In preparation since 2005

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[source : http://www.theses.fr/s43789]

Raich Susan, The sea in the Anglo-Norman realm, c.1050-1189

Raich Susan, The sea in the Anglo-Norman realm, c.1050-1189, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. E. van Houts, University of Cambridge)

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

[Source : http://www.hist.cam.ac.uk/directory/sar70@cam.ac.uk]

Long Ann-Marie, The relationship between Iceland and Norway, c.870-1100

Long Ann-Marie, The relationship between Iceland and Norway, c.870-1100, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. E. Johnston, University College Dublin)

Aucun résumé retrouvé/No abstract available

Corsi Maria, Elite networks and courtly culture in medieval Denmark

Corsi Maria, Elite networks and courtly culture in medieval Denmark: Denmark in Europe, 1st to 14th centuries, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2014, (dir. Sally N. Vaughn, University of Houston)

Résumé/abstract :

This dissertation advances the study of the cultural integration of Denmark with continental Europe in the Middle Ages. By approaching the question with a view to the longue durée, it argues that Danish aristocratic culture had been heavily influenced by trends on the Continent since at least the Roman Iron Age, so that when Denmark adopted European courtly culture, it did so simultaneously to its development in the rest of Europe. Because elite culture as it manifested itself in the Middle Ages was an amalgamation of that of Ancient Rome and the Geiuianic tribes, its origins in Denmark is sought in the interactions between the Danish territory and the Roman Empire. Elites in Denmark sought to emulate Roman culture as a marker of status, with pan-European elite networks facilitating the incorporation of Roman material items and social norms in Denmark, thus setting the pattern for later periods. These types of networks continued to play an important role in the interactions between Denmark and the successor kingdoms to the Roman Empire in the Early Middle Ages, leading to the development of an increasingly homogenized elite culture in Denmark and on the Continent. Danish elites drew on the material and ideological cultural models of their southern neighbors, using Frankish imports to signify status and power, much as Roman imports had been used earlier. The economic, diplomatic, and military ties that developed in the Early Middle Ages remained important conduits for the adoption of European aristocratic culture into the High Middle Ages, while the conversion to Christianity by the Danes enabled Danish elites to take part in the new educational networks associated with the rise of universities across Europe. All of these long-standing ties meant that the Danish aristocracy actively participated in the development of medieval courtly culture, including cavalry warfare and knighthood, courtly food consumption and feasting, and courtly dress and ornamentation, resulting in increased social differentiation between those who could take part in the new courtly culture and those who could not. Thus, Denmark was never outside of Europe, and when Danish elites adopted medieval chivalric and courtly culture, they did so contemporaneously with their counterparts in other parts of Europe.

[Source : https://repositories.tdl.org/uh-ir/handle/10657/726]

Mendez Gonzalez Olga, Anglo-Iberian relations 1150-1280: a diplomatic history

Mendez Gonzalez Olga, Anglo-Iberian relations 1150-1280: a diplomatic history, Thèse de doctorat soutenue en 2013, (dir. N. Vincent, University of East Anglia)

Résumé/abstract :

This thesis examines the political relations between England and the Iberian Peninsula, from the accession of Henry II of England to the death of Alfonso X of León-Castile, an episode in diplomatic history that remains largely unexplored. This period, spanning over a century and a half, was punctuated by a series of key political events. The study of these sheds light upon the diplomatic complexities of the period. Chapter One explores the historiography and the particularities of Spanish documentary sources. Chapter Two analyses the use of the word Hispania in thirteenth-century chronicles and charters, in an attempt to discover how the term was used and to whom it referred. Chapters Three examines the close relations between the crown of Aragón and the vicomté of Béarn in the twelfth century, while the following chapter looks at the unification of Catalonia and Aragón and the implications of the marriage between Eleanor of England and Alfonso VIII of Castile. Chapter Five explores the impact of Richard I and John’s alliances with Navarre. As León-Castile consolidated its power in the Peninsula, there was a shift of alliances, reflected on Anglo-Iberian relations. Chapter Six explores the particular circumstances that brought about the treaty of 1254 between Henry III of England and Alfonso X of Castile. No study of the political relations of the period would be complete without examination of the impact of the imperial controversy and interregnum upon relations between Henry III of England (the brother of a claimant) and Alfonso X of Castile (a claimant in his own right). Finally, Chapter Eight studies the failed marriage of the infante Sancho of Castile and Gilhelme (Willemina), the younger daughter of the vicomte of Béarn, Gaston VII. This involved negotiations between Edward I of England, Philip III of France and Alfonso X of Castile.

[Source: https://ueaeprints.uea.ac.uk/48682/]